HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
JCI Table of Contents, November 18, 2002

Find below two highlighted articles and the full Table of Contents for the November 18, 2002 issue.

****************************************************

Targeting bone metastasis and hypercalcemia

Most cancer patients are not killed by their primary tumors but succumb to metastatic disease. The most common human cancers--lung, breast, and prostate--frequently spread to bone, causing suffering and morbidity through pain, fractures, and nerve compression syndromes.

Tumor cells enter bones through blood and lymphatic vessels. In order to establish bone metastases, they have to influence bone metabolism. Most breast cancers that spread to bone express high levels of parathyroid hormone related protein, or PTHrP, a molecule that promotes bone breakdown. Scientists believe that the bone breakdown caused by PTHrP starts a vicious cycle: cross-talk between the tumor cells and the osteoclasts, cells that specialize in breaking down bone, ultimately leads to more and more bone loss and more and more aggressive growth of the tumor.

Consistent with this scenario, inhibition of osteoclast activity not only decreases bone lesions but also reduces tumor burden in animals. Preliminary results from human patients treated with bisphosphonates, a group of drugs also used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, suggest that the same might be true in humans.

An article in the November 18 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation focuses on direct inhibition of PTHrP, the molecule that is believed to play a critical role in starting the vicious cycle in most breast cancers that metastasize to bone.

Wolfgang Gallwitz and colleagues (of Osteoscreen Ltd in San Antonio, Texas) identified two compounds that inhibit PTHrP production in human breast cancer cells. In animal models, the compounds did reduce metastatic bone breakdown, and compared favorably with bisphoshonates. The mode of act
'"/>

Contact: Brooke Grindlinger, PhD
science_editor@the-jci.org
212-342-9006
Journal of Clinical Investigation
19-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Related biology news :

1. JCI Table of Contents, 15 July 2004
2. JCI Table of Contents, January 15 2004
3. JCI Table of Contents, November 3, 2003
4. JCI Table of Contents, 1 October, 2003
5. JCI Table of Contents, September 15, 2003
6. JCI Table of Contents
7. JCI Table of Contents, 15 August 2003
8. JCI Table of Contents, May 1, 2003
9. JCI Table of Contents, April 1, 2003
10. JCI Table of Contents, March 14, 2003
11. JCI Table of Contents, January 2, 2003

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/30/2017)... Jan. 30, 2017   Invitae Corporation (NYSE: ... genetic information companies, today announced that it will report ... provide 2017 guidance on Monday, February 13, 2017, and ... day at 4:45 p.m. Eastern / 1:45 p.m. Pacific. ... will briefly review financial results, guidance, and recent developments ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... PHILADELPHIA , Jan. 24, 2017  It ... a baby,s sock that monitors vital signs and ... instance, an infant,s oxygen saturation level drops. But ... undue alarm to parents, with no evidence of ... "These devices are marketed aggressively to parents of ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ROCKVILLE, Md. , Jan. 18, 2017  In ... with respect to mergers and acquisitions (M&A), and Kalorama ... reasons for such acquisitions have been shifting. Generally, uncertainty ... and the U.S. has changed the acquisitions ... situation has resulted in companies buying partners outside of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/18/2017)... 2017 Kurzlehrgang mit Fokus ... Zelltherapie-Studien, Poster legt metaproteomische Analyse des Darm-Mikrobioms bei Säuglingen ... ... Dr. Yoav Peretz , Scientific Director bei ImmuneCarta, ... Assays zum Nachweis intrazellulärer Zytokine bei adoptiven Zelltherapie-Studien im ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... business in Hong Kong. , Nerium International is proud to introduce its Age-Defying ... Contour Cream, NeriumAD™ Formula to consumers across Hong Kong. The luxury skincare products ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... PUNE, India , February 17, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... research report "Biomarkers Market by Product (Consumables, Service), ... Disorders), Application (Diagnostics Development, Drug Discovery and Development, ... MarketsandMarkets, the market is projected to reach USD ... in 2016, growing at a CAGR of 13.8% ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... 17, 2017  If only one in every ... mutation-conferring resistance to chemotherapy, thousands of cancer cells ... focused on finding these mutations in ever-smaller subpopulations ... tumor DNA in blood — to guide treatment ... Unfortunately, however, detecting these genetic anomalies may ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: