Jefferson scientists find gene expression pattern may predict behavior of leukemia

The expression pattern of certain genes may someday help doctors to diagnose and predict whether or not an individual has an aggressive form of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Jefferson cancer researchers have found.

Scientists, led by Carlo Croce, M.D., director of Jefferson's Kimmel Cancer Center and professor and chair of microbiology and immunology at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, looked at the expression of genes that encoded microRNAs (miRNAs), tiny pieces of genetic material that are thought to be important in the regulation of gene expression and in the development of cancer. MiRNAs can serve as stop signs for gene expression and protein synthesis, and are thought to play important roles in regulating gene expression in development.

Reporting in both the online and the August 10 print version of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers taking advantage of a microarray chip Dr. Croce and his colleagues designed that carries all the known human miRNA genes compared the expression of miRNA genes in human CLL samples with that of normal white blood cells, or lymphocytes, called CD5+ B cells. CLL, the most common adult leukemia in the Western world, is characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of B cells.

"We found two specific genetic signatures," Dr. Croce says. One expression pattern of miRNA genes in CLL correlated with a deletion of a chromosomal region called 13q14. This region contained two small miRNA genes that are turned off in about 60 percent of CLL cases. The deletions at 13q14 represent an indicator of a good prognosis for the disease, he notes.

The other miRNA signature was associated with mutations in the Ig or immunoglobulin gene, which also indicates a good prognosis, says Dr. Croce. The researchers also found that the expression of one of the miRNA genes, miR-16, was reduced in both signatures.

"This suggests that CLL


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Jefferson Lab detector technology aids development of cystic fibrosis therapy
2. Jefferson researchers develop microchip to track genetic signature of cancer and normal tissue
3. Jefferson scientists use gene therapy to restore function of damaged heart cells in lab
4. Jefferson researchers uncover biochemical clues to how cells migrate in embryos
5. Jefferson and Brigham and Womens researchers find blue light important for setting biological clock
6. Jefferson Lab experiment generates THz radiation 20,000 times brighter than anyone else
7. Jefferson scientists show neural stem cells can become dopamine-making brain cells in laboratory
8. Jefferson scientists show how collagen gene mutation leads to osteoarthritis
9. Jefferson scientists use gene repair technique to change albino mice hairs to black
10. Jefferson scientists show drug is effective against a Hepatitis C Virus model in the laboratory
11. Jefferson scientists propose mechanism to control the bodys red blood cell and platelet production

Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/29/2015)... Oct. 29, 2015  Connected health pioneer, Joseph ... explosion of technology-enabled health and wellness, and the business ... The Internet of Healthy Things . ... smartphones even existed, Dr. Kvedar, vice president, Connected Health, ... care delivery, moving care from the hospital or doctor,s ...
(Date:10/27/2015)... 2015 In the present market scenario, security ... various industry verticals such as banking, healthcare, defense, electronic ... demand for secure & simplified access control and growing ... hacking of bank accounts, misuse of users, , and ... PC,s, laptops, and smartphones are expected to provide potential ...
(Date:10/26/2015)... , October 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> ReportnsReports.com adds Biometrics ... to 2021 as well as Emerging ... research reports to its collection of ... http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/427352-biometrics-market-shares-market-strategies-and-market-forecasts-2015-to-2021.html . --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... and HOLLISTON, Mass. , Nov. 25, ... HART ), a biotechnology company developing bioengineered organ ... Jim McGorry will present at the LD Micro ... at 2:30 p.m. PT. The presentation will be webcast ... days. Management will also be available at the conference ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... PORTLAND, Oregon , November 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... Deep Market Research Report is a professional and ... Genomics industry.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20141014/710132 ... basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, ... analysis is provided for the international markets including ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Halozyme Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: HALO ) will be presenting at ... on Wednesday, December 2 at 9:30 a.m. ET/6:30 a.m. PT ... provide a corporate overview. th Annual Oppenheimer Healthcare ... ET/10:00 a.m. PT . Jim Mazzola , vice president ... --> th Annual Oppenheimer Healthcare Conference in ...
(Date:11/24/2015)...  Clintrax Global, Inc., a worldwide provider of clinical research services ... that the company has set a new quarterly earnings record in ... growth posted for Q3 of 2014 to Q3 of 2015.   ... , with the establishment of an Asia-Pacific ... United Kingdom and Mexico , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: