HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Johns Hopkins scientists create forgetful mouse

Studying mice, scientists from Johns Hopkins have successfully prevented a molecular event in brain cells that they've found is required for storing spatial memories. Unlike regular mice, the engineered rodents quickly forgot where to find a resting place in a pool of water, the researchers report in the March 7 issue of the journal Cell.

The experiments are believed to be the first to prove that subtly altering the chemistry of a certain protein can profoundly affect a brain cell's ability to respond to external stimulation, a process called neuronal plasticity, long thought to underlie learning and memory.

By genetically altering part of a receptor that binds glutamate -- the most important excitatory chemical in the brain -- the scientists created a version of the protein that could not be modified by adding phosphate groups. In their experiments, preventing phosphorylation of the receptor kept it from responding normally to external stimulation in the lab and limited how long animals could store new memories.

"Since 1986, phosphorylation has been recognized as a key to modulating receptor responses to neurotransmitters like glutamate, but this is the first demonstration that phosphorylation of a particular target protein mediates the processes we believe are behind learning and memory," says Richard Huganir, Ph.D., professor of neuroscience in the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine's Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences. "This new work shows that phosphorylation of this target protein does indeed affect an animal's ability to remember."

Mice with the "phosphate-free" version of the protein, known as GluR1, learned to find a hidden platform in a pool of water as well as normal mice, but couldn't remember its position eight hours later, the researchers report. In contrast, normal mice remembered what they'd learned even after 24 hours.

"Rodents' spatial learning and memory is highly developed because they must navigat
'"/>

Contact: Joanna Downer
jdowner1@jhmi.edu
410-614-5105
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
7-Mar-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Yale professor receives Johnson & Johnson Focused Giving award
2. Marian Johnson-Thompson wins 2004 Alice C. Evans Award
3. Conservation International & SC Johnson invest in Ecuadors rainforest to offset climate impacts
4. Johns Hopkins gene hunters pinpoint new cancer gene target
5. OXiGENE announces launch of ophthalmic clinical trial at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
6. Johns Hopkins receives $24 million from Donald W. Reynolds Foundation to study sudden cardiac death
7. Johns Hopkins researchers devise methods to evaluate disaster drills
8. A bed of microneedles: Johns Hopkins scientists gadget measures muscle cell force
9. Wake Forest-Johns Hopkins team discovers prostate cancer gene
10. The next generation of scientists recognized at Johns Hopkins
11. Johns Hopkins scientists find brains nose plug

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Johns Hopkins scientists create forgetful mouse

(Date:8/3/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced that members ... investment community at the Pacific Crest Global Technology Leadership ... Mountain Time. The conference will be held at the ... The presentation may include forward-looking information. ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... Chine, 31 juillet 2015 La 10e ... ) sera organisée par le BGI du 22 ... en Chine. La conférence ... inauguration en 2006, l,ICG est devenue l,une des ... domaine des « omiques » et c,est aussi la plus ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... 2015 The 10 th International Conference on ... October 22-25, 2015, in Shenzhen , ... celebrating its 10 th anniversary this year. Since its inauguration ... influential annual meetings in the ,omics, fields, and is one ... ICG-10 focuses on recent breakthroughs and advances in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):La 10e International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) doit s'ouvrir en octobre 2La 10e International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) doit s'ouvrir en octobre 3The 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) to Open in October 2
(Date:8/27/2015)... Aug. 27, 2015  Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... of regenerative medicine, today announced that executives from the ... month of September.  , Pedro ... & Renshaw,s 17th Annual Global Investment Conference on Wednesday, ... St. Regis Hotel in New York City ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... METTLER TOLEDO's web-based EasyFinder™ ... product choices to a manageable shortlist of bench and floor scales and terminals. ... fit best with the customer’s industry and application. , Side-by-side product comparisons ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... Aug. 26, 2015  Roka Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... advanced testing solutions for the detection of foodborne pathogens, ... at the Sidoti & Company Emerging Growth Conference on ... held at the New York Marriott Marquis. ... available through the investor relations section of Roka Bioscience,s ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... August 26, 2015 Israel Proves Its Place ... 1 st place  Wayerz comes in 5 th ... Israel by venture capital fund JVP, with Chinese consulting ... China , Israel , ... Impressive achievement for the Israeli representatives in the final ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Asterias Biotherapeutics to Present at Upcoming Investor Conferences 2METTLER TOLEDO Updates Online Scale Selection Tool 2Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 2Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 3Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 4Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 5Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 6
Cached News: