HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Johns Hopkins scientists create forgetful mouse

Studying mice, scientists from Johns Hopkins have successfully prevented a molecular event in brain cells that they've found is required for storing spatial memories. Unlike regular mice, the engineered rodents quickly forgot where to find a resting place in a pool of water, the researchers report in the March 7 issue of the journal Cell.

The experiments are believed to be the first to prove that subtly altering the chemistry of a certain protein can profoundly affect a brain cell's ability to respond to external stimulation, a process called neuronal plasticity, long thought to underlie learning and memory.

By genetically altering part of a receptor that binds glutamate -- the most important excitatory chemical in the brain -- the scientists created a version of the protein that could not be modified by adding phosphate groups. In their experiments, preventing phosphorylation of the receptor kept it from responding normally to external stimulation in the lab and limited how long animals could store new memories.

"Since 1986, phosphorylation has been recognized as a key to modulating receptor responses to neurotransmitters like glutamate, but this is the first demonstration that phosphorylation of a particular target protein mediates the processes we believe are behind learning and memory," says Richard Huganir, Ph.D., professor of neuroscience in the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine's Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences. "This new work shows that phosphorylation of this target protein does indeed affect an animal's ability to remember."

Mice with the "phosphate-free" version of the protein, known as GluR1, learned to find a hidden platform in a pool of water as well as normal mice, but couldn't remember its position eight hours later, the researchers report. In contrast, normal mice remembered what they'd learned even after 24 hours.

"Rodents' spatial learning and memory is highly developed because they must navigat
'"/>

Contact: Joanna Downer
jdowner1@jhmi.edu
410-614-5105
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
7-Mar-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Yale professor receives Johnson & Johnson Focused Giving award
2. Marian Johnson-Thompson wins 2004 Alice C. Evans Award
3. Conservation International & SC Johnson invest in Ecuadors rainforest to offset climate impacts
4. Johns Hopkins gene hunters pinpoint new cancer gene target
5. OXiGENE announces launch of ophthalmic clinical trial at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
6. Johns Hopkins receives $24 million from Donald W. Reynolds Foundation to study sudden cardiac death
7. Johns Hopkins researchers devise methods to evaluate disaster drills
8. A bed of microneedles: Johns Hopkins scientists gadget measures muscle cell force
9. Wake Forest-Johns Hopkins team discovers prostate cancer gene
10. The next generation of scientists recognized at Johns Hopkins
11. Johns Hopkins scientists find brains nose plug

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017 Today HYPR Corp. , ... server component of the HYPR platform is officially ... end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune ... already secured over 15 million users across the financial ... connected home product suites and physical access represent a ...
(Date:4/3/2017)... 2017  Data captured by IsoCode, IsoPlexis ... a statistically significant association between the potency ... and objective response of cancer patients post-treatment. ... whether cancer patients will respond to CAR-T ... as to improve both pre-infusion potency testing and ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... March 30, 2017 Trends, opportunities and forecast ... behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial recognition, ... others), by end use industry (government and law enforcement, ... and banking, and others), and by region ( ... Asia Pacific , and the Rest ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... June 20, 2017  Kibow Biotech Inc., a pioneer ... the issuance of a new patent covering a unique ... the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on May 23 ... the Buzz of Bio award in 2014 in ... developing non-drug approaches to chronic disease. Renadyl™, the first ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... technology for discovery of antibody therapeutics from millions-diverse immune repertoires, announces launch of ... in San Diego, California. Dave Johnson, PhD, CEO of GigaGen, will present on ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... Prussia, PA (PRWEB) , ... June 19, 2017 , ... ... sciences companies for over 50 years. One of the biggest challenges faced by life ... the firm’s regulatory affairs services team is Kati Abraham , who is well ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... ... 16, 2017 , ... Cambridge Semantics , the leading ... Smart Data Lake® (Anzo SDL) solution was named a finalist in the ... Information Industry Association (SIIA) CODiE Awards. , Finalists represent the best products, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: