HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Knockout Mouse Reveals Genetic Mechanism In Defective Mammalian Ear Development

BAR HARBOR -- A control mechanism for the proper development of inner ear "hair cells" -- sensory cells that are critical for normal hearing in mammals such as mice and humans -- has been found to involve two interacting genes in a molecular signaling pathway known to direct cell fate in many different organisms, including fish and insects.

This control mechanism, which involves the genes Jagged2 and Notch1, was identified in a collaborative effort by research teams headed by Dr. Matthew Kelley at the Georgetown University School of Medicine and Dr. Thomas Gridley at The Jackson Laboratory. The results are reported in "The Notch Signaling Pathway Mediates Hair Cell Development in the Mammalian Cochlea" in the March 1999 issue of Nature Genetics.

Dr. Gridley has conducted extensive research on the Notch signaling pathway and led the team that reported last year on developmental defects in Jagged2 knockout mice from The Jackson Laboratory. He describes the pathway -- first studied in the fruit fly -- as a molecular mechanism that mediates communication between cells as they differentiate during embryonic development. In humans, Notch pathway mutations have been implicated in cancer and in several inherited disease syndromes.

"This work clearly establishes that identical mechanisms to control the development of sensory cells operate in both mammals and in lower organisms, such as the fruit fly," said Dr. Gridley. "Such evolutionary conservation of mechanism emphasizes the importance of the Notch signaling pathway for normal development. This pathway is a key regulator controlling the proper development of many different cell types."

The mammalian inner ear, or cochlea, is lined with an intricate "mosaic" of alternating hair cells and non-sensory supporting cells. Normal hearing results when sound waves cause the tiny hairs to oscillate, and the movement is transmitted as electrical impulses through the hair cells to t
'"/>

Contact: Luther Young
loy@jax.org
207-288-6052
Jackson Laboratory
28-Feb-1999


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Knockout research eases study of plant gene functions
2. Knockout of cav-1 protein causes loss of a cellular organelle
3. Knockout mouse may lead to major understanding of human kidney disorder
4. Gene Knockout Prolongs Ovarian Lifespan In Mice
5. Vertex Pharmaceuticals/Yale Research Team Uses Gene Knockout Mice To Establish Role Of Caspase-9 In Neuronal Cell Death Pathway
6. Defects In Embryonic Development In Lunatic Fringe Knockout Mice
7. Half-million dollar landmark achieved for the Methuselah Mouse Prize
8. Mouse study shows NPAS3 and NPAS1 genes may be linked to psychosis
9. Mouse brain stem cells capable of converting into blood vessel cells
10. Mouse study yields clue to why liver is less prone to rejection, say Pitt researchers
11. Mouse embryonic germ cells and male gametes created in the lab

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/26/2015)... The Granite Club, ... club, today announced it has implemented a state-of-the-art access ... for members and staff, while restricting access to authorized ... selected FST,s IMID Access system because it has the ... and staff, in addition to unparalleled security," said ...
(Date:3/24/2015)... 2015   NexID Biometrics LLC, whose spoof-mitigation ... today announced the beginning of shipments of version 2.0 ... The company, based in Potsdam, N.Y. ... Expo, which began here today at the Walter E. ... of its SDK boosts the accuracy rate range to ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... --  HOYOS Labs , a leading global authentication infrastructure ... Company will demonstrate multiple biometrics-based technologies under its identity ... on March 23 through 25, 2015, in ... IEEE Biometric Open Protocol Standard; free biometrics-based consumer app, ... system. BOPS was invented by HOYOS Labs and contributed ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Granite Club First Private Club in North America to Implement FST Biometrics Secure Access Solution, as Part of Multi-million Dollar Expansion 2NexID Begins Shipments Of Version 2.0 Fake-Finger-Detection Solution 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 3
(Date:4/23/2015)... Six startups from Russia traveled ... as part of the U.S.-Russia Innovation Corridor (USRIC) ... biotechnology startups to participate in the program since ... the University of Maryland (UMD) signed a Memorandum ... universities in the biomedical industry in 2013. , ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , April 23, 2015  Veracyte, ... has entered into a definitive agreement to sell approximately ... placement. Under the agreement, the investors will purchase an ... purchase price of $8.15 per share, the closing stock ... led by new and existing investors, including Broadfin Capital, ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... 2015  Propanc Health Group Corporation (OTCBB: PPCH) ... the development of cancer treatments for patients with ... includes PRP, a patented formulation consisting of two ... as the enzyme amylase designed to synergistically enhance ... of anti-cancer agents working in combination with pro-enzymes, ...
(Date:4/22/2015)... -- Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ) today reported ... For the first quarter ended March 31, 2015, ... or $0.08 per share, compared to a net loss ... same period in 2014. As of March 31, 2015, ... interest receivable of $226.1 million. Revenues for ...
Breaking Biology Technology:U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 2U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 3U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 4Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 2Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 3Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 4Early Stage BioTech offers Plenty of Risk; Propanc Health Group Analyst Brief Issued by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 7Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 8
Cached News: