HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Lights, Camera ... Reaction: Charting The Biological Effects Of Light InBillionths Of A Second

Scientists using extremely high powered X-rays and a pulsed laser have succeeded in taking the first "snapshots" of a photoactive protein molecule as it converts light energy into chemical energy, a process that takes less than one billionth of a second.

The finding, reported in today's issue of the journal Science, provides the first direct structural evidence of how light can be converted into chemical energy -- the initial stage of processes as different, and as fundamental, as photosynthesis and vision. It also may suggest a powerful new mechanism for the development of optical computers.

The ability to record this ultra-rapid conversion results from a recent, million-fold improvement in time resolution of X-ray measurements that can now record changes in the shape of the working protein that occur in billionths of a second.

The experiments, only the second of their type, were performed by an international team at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble, France. About one year ago, a related team reported the first nanosecond movie of the muscle protein myoglobin as it opened up to release carbon monoxide. Today's report emphasizes the wider applicability of this new type of measurement.

Keith Moffat, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry and molecular biology and director of the Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources at the University of Chicago, who led both research teams, and colleagues from the University of Chicago, ESRF, Lund University and the E.C. Slater Institute of the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, focused on a blue light photo-reactive protein called xanthopsin, found in the eubacterium Ectothiorhodospira halophila. These bacteria respond to the absorbtion of light by altering their swimming behavior.

This bacterium, so far found only in a few high arid lake beds in Oregon and salt depressions in the Egyptian desert, is "rather obscure," says Moffat, but this simple organism appears to be quickly
'"/>

Contact: John Easton
jeaston@mcis.bsd.uchicago.edu
773-702-6241
University of Chicago Medical Center
19-Mar-1998


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Charting the future in prostate cancer care: A call to action
2. Biological oceanographers examine regime shifts in complex marine ecosystems
3. Biological computer diagnoses cancer and produces drug in a test tube
4. Biological cause of one form of blindness identified by SLU researchers
5. Biological trick reveals key step in melatonins regulation
6. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences to offer forum
7. Biological clock more influenced by temperature than light
8. Systematics at a Crossroads: Biological and Philosophical Arguments
9. Biological and chemical agents in terrorism examined at AAN Annual Meeting
10. Biological Challenges to Humanity: Emerging and Re-emerging Pathogens
11. Biological evidence can persuade people to change unhealthy habits

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/24/2015)... June 22, 2015 ... addition of the "Huawei Ascend Mate 7 ... to their offering. Huawei,s technological choice ... opposite direction than Apple,s and Samsung,s one. The ... developed by Fingerprint Cards, a main actor in ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... June 23, 2015  Crossmatch™, a leading ... today announced enhanced functionality of its DigitalPersona ... The enhancements build on the native flexibility ... Altus platform and provide expanded mobile credential ... In today,s environment of increasing cyber-attacks and ...
(Date:6/17/2015)... June 17, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... today announced that Xiaomi, one of the world,s ... ClearPad ® family of capacitive touchscreen ... circuits (DDICs) for its latest smartphones, the Xiaomi ... for full in-cell display solutions and DDICs in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Huawei Ascend Mate 7 Fingerprint Sensor - Reverse Costing Analysis 2Crossmatch Releases Enhanced DigitalPersona Altus Advanced Authentication Functionality 2Synaptics Touchscreen and Display Driver IC Solutions Power Xiaomi's Latest Flagship Smartphones 2Synaptics Touchscreen and Display Driver IC Solutions Power Xiaomi's Latest Flagship Smartphones 3
(Date:7/6/2015)... June 29, 2015 ... the addition of the "Biotechnology for the ... Biotechnology for the Non-Biotechnologist, ideal for non-Scientists and ... techniques and potential of biotechnology. Ideal ... basic theory, principles, techniques, and potential of biotechnology ...
(Date:7/6/2015)... , July 6, 2015 ImmunoCellular Therapeutics, Ltd. ... an agreement with Novella Clinical (Novella), to ... patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Novella is a full-service, ... to small to mid-sized oncology companies. The ICT-107 phase ... the US, Europe and ...
(Date:7/3/2015)... WIEN , July 3, ... Tiedemiehet voivat hakea verkossa osoitteessa  ... for Open Innovation in Science" ... Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaftin (LBG) tekemän, ... tutkimuksen mukaan terveystieteiden kaksi suurinta ...
(Date:7/3/2015)... , July 3, 2015 ... 22 september 2015 på  http://www.openinnovationinscience.at till ... in Science" som hålls i ... färsk undersökning med internationella forskare och vetenskapsmän ... är hälsovetenskapens två största utmaningar bristen på ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ImmunoCellular Therapeutics Establishes Agreement with Novella Clinical to Conduct ICT-107 Phase 3 Registration Trial in Glioblastoma 2Maailman ensimmäinen tiedemiesten koulutukseen suunniteltu avoimen innovaation ohjelma käynnistyy 2Maailman ensimmäinen tiedemiesten koulutukseen suunniteltu avoimen innovaation ohjelma käynnistyy 3Lansering av världens första program för öppen innovation för att utbilda forskare 2Lansering av världens första program för öppen innovation för att utbilda forskare 3
Cached News: