HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Lights, Camera ... Reaction: Charting The Biological Effects Of Light InBillionths Of A Second

Scientists using extremely high powered X-rays and a pulsed laser have succeeded in taking the first "snapshots" of a photoactive protein molecule as it converts light energy into chemical energy, a process that takes less than one billionth of a second.

The finding, reported in today's issue of the journal Science, provides the first direct structural evidence of how light can be converted into chemical energy -- the initial stage of processes as different, and as fundamental, as photosynthesis and vision. It also may suggest a powerful new mechanism for the development of optical computers.

The ability to record this ultra-rapid conversion results from a recent, million-fold improvement in time resolution of X-ray measurements that can now record changes in the shape of the working protein that occur in billionths of a second.

The experiments, only the second of their type, were performed by an international team at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble, France. About one year ago, a related team reported the first nanosecond movie of the muscle protein myoglobin as it opened up to release carbon monoxide. Today's report emphasizes the wider applicability of this new type of measurement.

Keith Moffat, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry and molecular biology and director of the Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources at the University of Chicago, who led both research teams, and colleagues from the University of Chicago, ESRF, Lund University and the E.C. Slater Institute of the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, focused on a blue light photo-reactive protein called xanthopsin, found in the eubacterium Ectothiorhodospira halophila. These bacteria respond to the absorbtion of light by altering their swimming behavior.

This bacterium, so far found only in a few high arid lake beds in Oregon and salt depressions in the Egyptian desert, is "rather obscure," says Moffat, but this simple organism appears to be quickly
'"/>

Contact: John Easton
jeaston@mcis.bsd.uchicago.edu
773-702-6241
University of Chicago Medical Center
19-Mar-1998


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Charting the future in prostate cancer care: A call to action
2. Biological oceanographers examine regime shifts in complex marine ecosystems
3. Biological computer diagnoses cancer and produces drug in a test tube
4. Biological cause of one form of blindness identified by SLU researchers
5. Biological trick reveals key step in melatonins regulation
6. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences to offer forum
7. Biological clock more influenced by temperature than light
8. Systematics at a Crossroads: Biological and Philosophical Arguments
9. Biological and chemical agents in terrorism examined at AAN Annual Meeting
10. Biological Challenges to Humanity: Emerging and Re-emerging Pathogens
11. Biological evidence can persuade people to change unhealthy habits

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/31/2015)... YORK , March 31, 2015  Elephant Talk ... "Company"), a global provider of Software Defined Network Architecture ... today announced total revenue of approximately $20.4 million for ... a restated $19.5 million for the year ended December ... calendar 2014, the Company had completed its multi-year transition ...
(Date:3/24/2015)... Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/kvdtcw/face_and_voice ) has announced the addition of ... report to their offering. This report analyzes the ... the following Segments: Face Biometrics, and Voice Biometrics. The report provides ... Japan , Europe , ... Africa , and Latin America ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... 2015  In the 2014 fiscal year, irs.gov recorded ... This figure accounts for a fraction of the estimated ... Report, exceeds $11 billion globally. The polygraph has traditionally ... has occurred. Investor Mark Saint Juste along ... Paolella partnered to administer the test in a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 2Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 3Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 4Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 5Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 6Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 2Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 3Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 4Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 5Face and Voice Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: Face Recognition Gains Prominence in Immigration Control 6Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 2Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 3
(Date:4/1/2015)... April 1, 2015 Synthetic Biologics, Inc. ... for serious infections and diseases, with a focus ... data supporting the development of SYN-004, the Company,s ... (IV) antibiotics within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and ... for the prevention of C. difficile ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... April 1, 2015  Spherix Incorporated (Nasdaq: ... the fostering and monetization of intellectual property, today ... held full service global investment bank specializing in ... industry note featuring Spherix. The report, ... Senior Analyst at Chardan, was published on March ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... The concept of “spot reducing” areas is ... Founder of Fasciology, Ashley Black, says that even the idea ... of having to wait for the whole fat system to ... to fat cooling procedures, the only well known way ... which is a highly invasive procedure.” It is common knowledge ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... National recruitment firm Slone Partners ... as Head of Sales at Optimal Medicine, an international ... , Allen brings over 20 years experience in healthcare ... of companies including Dell Services Healthcare, Medsphere Systems and ... perfect fit for accomplishing the goals Optimal Medicine had ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Synthetic Biologics' SYN-004 Clinical Data for Protection of Microbiome Selected for Poster Presentation at American Society of Microbiology 2015 2Synthetic Biologics' SYN-004 Clinical Data for Protection of Microbiome Selected for Poster Presentation at American Society of Microbiology 2015 3Synthetic Biologics' SYN-004 Clinical Data for Protection of Microbiome Selected for Poster Presentation at American Society of Microbiology 2015 4Chardan Capital Issues Industry Note Covering Spherix 2Chardan Capital Issues Industry Note Covering Spherix 3Hybrid Health Guru, Ashley Black, announces that her invention The FasciaBlaster™ rivals the “fat cooling” procedures that reduce exercise and diet resistant fat pockets. 2Hybrid Health Guru, Ashley Black, announces that her invention The FasciaBlaster™ rivals the “fat cooling” procedures that reduce exercise and diet resistant fat pockets. 3Slone Partners Fills Head of Sales at Optimal Medicine 2
Cached News: