HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
MRI studies provide new insight into how emotions interfere with staying focused

DURHAM, N.C. -- Duke University researchers have shown how emotions such as fear or horror travel along separate paths through the brain and are more likely than simple distractions to interfere with a person's efforts to focus on a task such as driving.

Using functional MRI to watch human brains in action, the researchers showed that emotional stimuli and "attentional functions" like driving move in parallel streams through the brain before finally meeting up in a specific part of the brain's prefrontal cortex.

The results, published in the August 20 issue of The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), help explain why a person who suddenly feels a pang of emotion is especially likely to lose focus. They also may lead to new avenues of research for treating depression, attention-deficit disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome and other disorders.

"We've known for a long time that some people are more easily distracted and that emotions can play a big part in this," said Kevin S. LaBar, assistant professor at Duke's Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and an author of the study. "Our study shows that two streams of processing take place in the brain, with attentional tasks and emotions moving in parallel before finally coming together." The two streams are integrated in a region of the brain called the anterior cingulate, which is located between the right and left halves of the brain's frontal portion and is involved in a wide range of thought processes and emotional responses.

LaBar and his colleagues used functional MRI devices to study the brains of neurologically healthy subjects who tried to pay attention to specific visual targets on a screen. The test subjects were distracted in various ways, sometimes by images that were likely to evoke an emotional response. The results confirmed previous findings that emotional stimuli are more likely to cause a person to lose focus. However, they also shed light on the
'"/>

Contact: David Jarmul
david.jarmul@duke.edu
919-684-6815
Duke University
19-Aug-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Rensselaer marks the opening of the center for biotechnology and interdisciplinary studies
2. UCSD undergraduates participate in collaborative studies abroad on cyberinfrastructure
3. Scientist honored for studies of genetic influence on chemotherapy, tumor development
4. $5 million grant funds partnership, studies of minority-based issues in reproductive health
5. Synthetic hormone used in contraceptives and HRT produces negative effects in monkey studies
6. $5.5 million awarded to tree-ring research and climate studies
7. Pancreatic cancer blood test & gene studies show promise
8. Two studies weigh in on low-carb diets
9. Animal studies show promise treating severe chronic pain
10. New studies show Curves Program raises metabolic rate in overweight and sedentary women
11. Florida Tech researchers win $912,700 grant for cell studies

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/24/2015)... , June 22, 2015 ... announced the addition of the "Huawei Ascend ... report to their offering. Huawei,s ... to the opposite direction than Apple,s and Samsung,s ... fingerprint sensor developed by Fingerprint Cards, a main ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... June 22, 2015 ... addition of the "Body-Worn Temperature Sensors Market ... and Forecast 2014 - 2020" report to ... analysis of the global body-worn temperature sensors market. ... segmented on the basis of types, care setting, ...
(Date:6/18/2015)... YORK , June 18, 2015 This ... US$ Million by the following Product Segments, which includes ... Systems, Chemiluminescence Immunoassay Systems, Radio Immunoassay Systems, and Nephelometric ... the US, Canada , ... Asia-Pacific , Latin America ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Huawei Ascend Mate 7 Fingerprint Sensor - Reverse Costing Analysis 2Body-Worn Temperature Sensors Market - Global Industry Analysis 2Global Immunoassay Systems Market 2Global Immunoassay Systems Market 3Global Immunoassay Systems Market 4Global Immunoassay Systems Market 5Global Immunoassay Systems Market 6Global Immunoassay Systems Market 7Global Immunoassay Systems Market 8Global Immunoassay Systems Market 9Global Immunoassay Systems Market 10Global Immunoassay Systems Market 11Global Immunoassay Systems Market 12Global Immunoassay Systems Market 13Global Immunoassay Systems Market 14Global Immunoassay Systems Market 15Global Immunoassay Systems Market 16Global Immunoassay Systems Market 17Global Immunoassay Systems Market 18Global Immunoassay Systems Market 19Global Immunoassay Systems Market 20Global Immunoassay Systems Market 21Global Immunoassay Systems Market 22Global Immunoassay Systems Market 23Global Immunoassay Systems Market 24Global Immunoassay Systems Market 25Global Immunoassay Systems Market 26Global Immunoassay Systems Market 27Global Immunoassay Systems Market 28Global Immunoassay Systems Market 29
(Date:7/2/2015)... -- Amici Procurement Migrates to the Cloud ... has chosen Microsoft Cloud Solution Provider iomart ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20121126/579634) , ... the bio-tech sector with a unique procurement service, helping ... help them obtain best value. Its IT platform hosts ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... PARK, N.C. and PARIS ... research firm AgBiome, and Genective, key developer of ... accelerate the discovery of new generations of insect ... for insect control to counter the realities of ... with Genective, aligning AgBiome,s unique insect control technology ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... , July 1, 2015   Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals, ... development of groundbreaking drugs to treat neurodegenerative diseases ... that Robert G. Miller , M.D., Director of ... Health,s California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco, has ... for $1.5 million to help fund a Phase ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... 1, 2015 InferMed , ... will ... evidence-based clinical s olutions suite   ... information products and services, announced today the acquisition of  InferMed ... (CDS) technology company. InferMed,s Arezzo technology supports clinicians ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Biotech Procurement Company Moves to Office 365 with iomart 2AgBiome and Genective collaborate to create novel insect-resistant crops 2Investigator to Receive $1.5 Million Grant from the ALS Association to Help Fund Confirmatory Phase 2 Study of Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals' NP001 2Investigator to Receive $1.5 Million Grant from the ALS Association to Help Fund Confirmatory Phase 2 Study of Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals' NP001 3Investigator to Receive $1.5 Million Grant from the ALS Association to Help Fund Confirmatory Phase 2 Study of Neuraltus Pharmaceuticals' NP001 4Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 2Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 3Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 4
Cached News: