HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Mammoths stranded on Bering Sea island delayed extinction

Woolly mammoths stranded on Pribilofs delayed extinction Fossil is first record in the Americas of a mammoth population to have survived the Pleistocene

St. Paul, one of the five islands in the Bering Sea Pribilofs, was home to mammoths that survived the extinctions that wiped out mainland and other Bering Sea island mammoth populations.

In an article in the June 17, 2004 edition of the journal Nature, R. Dale Guthrie, professor emeritus at the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, says that when mammoths on the mainland of Alaska and other Bering Sea islands died out during the extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene era (about 11,000 years ago) those on the Pribilofs survived and new radiocarbon dates show how.

It was a matter of being in the right place at the right time and the mammoth tooth fossil that demonstrates Guthrie's point is the first record in the Americas of a mammoth population surviving the Pleistocene.

"During the last glacial maximum, when the sea level was about 120 meters below its current level, what are now the Pribilofs were simply uplands connected to the mainland by a large, flat plain," Guthrie said.

Using accelerator mass spectrometer (AMS) radiocarbon dating, bathymetric (water depth) plots, and sea transgression rates from the Bering Sea, Guthrie found that the mammoths became stranded on the Pribilofs about 13,000 years ago during the Holocene sea level rise after the last glacial maximum.

"Woolly mammoths became extinct on the mainland about 11,500 radiocarbon years ago," Guthrie said. At that time St. Lawrence Island was part of the Alaska mainland and presumably subject to the same extinction pressures as the mainland, but St. Paul had been an island for about 1,500 years.

"Radiocarbon-dated samples from St. Lawrence Island show similar dates of extinction to the mainland," Guthrie said, "but a sample from St. Paul dates to only 7,908 r
'"/>

Contact: Marie Gilbert
marie.gilbert@uaf.edu
907-474-7412
University of Alaska Fairbanks
16-Jun-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Urban heat islands make cities greener
2. 90 million year old dino tracks found on resort island
3. Study helps explain island populations susceptibility to exotic diseases
4. UCLA study sheds new light on island evolution
5. Articles on life in tropical island streams published in BioScience
6. Attack of the crazy ants - invasional meltdown on an oceanic island
7. Study illustrates diversification, speciation in biological "islands"
8. Pollutant causes delayed flowering in plants
9. Genetics mutations resulting in delayed puberty are focus of MCG study
10. Global warming may be delayed by increase in ocean silica
11. Study details genetic basis of aging -- and how it might be delayed

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Mammoths stranded Bering Sea island delayed extinction

(Date:2/25/2015)... 25, 2015  ABC Financial Services (ABC), the ... Health and Fitness Industry, today announced enhancements to ... The latest upgrade includes advances to the agreement ... check-in via Identity One fingerprint biometrics. The features ... interactive displays at the International Health, Racquet & ...
(Date:2/19/2015)... , Feb .19, 2015 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Military Electro-Optical / Infrared ... Technology, by Platform - Forecast to 2020" ... military electro-optical/infrared systems market is expected to reach ... of 7.71%. This report segments the ...
(Date:2/11/2015)... February 11, 2015 ... "Access Control Market by Product (Cards and Readers, Biometrics, ... Defense, Government, Industrial, Healthcare, Education) and By Geography - Global ... MarketsandMarkets, the Access Control Market is expected ... at a CAGR of 10.6% between 2014 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):ABC Financial Unveils New Software Enhancements 2ABC Financial Unveils New Software Enhancements 3Military Electro-Optical / Infrared Systems (Image Intensification, Laser, Infrared) Market - Forecast to 2020: Featuring Profiles of the Market Leaders on this $16 Billion market 2Military Electro-Optical / Infrared Systems (Image Intensification, Laser, Infrared) Market - Forecast to 2020: Featuring Profiles of the Market Leaders on this $16 Billion market 3Access Control Market Worth $10.4 Billion by 2020 2Access Control Market Worth $10.4 Billion by 2020 3Access Control Market Worth $10.4 Billion by 2020 4
(Date:2/27/2015)... , Feb. 27, 2015  Pfenex Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... of biosimilar therapeutics, today announced that it will be ... Marquis on March 2 nd at 3pm PST. Patrick ... a panel discussing the current state of the biosimilar ... . For more information on CALBIO ...
(Date:2/27/2015)... 2015 Cytokinetics, Incorporated (Nasdaq: CYTK) announced ... with patients and health care advocates in the United ... Day®. Rare Disease Day is dedicated to elevating ... the special challenges faced by patients with rare diseases ... proud to stand alongside patients and caregivers representing the ...
(Date:2/27/2015)... BOSTON , Feb. 27, 2015   PureTech ... identifying, inventing and commercializing disruptive products and technologies in ... Christopher Viehbacher , former CEO and Member of the ... Directors.  "It,s has been a pleasure ... very excited that we will be working together more ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... 2015 On behalf of biotech client ... Wilentz, Goldman & Spitzer, P.A. (Wilentz) secured a significant ... Inc. in excess of $10 million. The jury determined ... and that it improperly hired one or more of ... for judgment notwithstanding the verdict, a new trial, and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cytokinetics Joins Global Movement to Raise Awareness for Rare Diseases 2Cytokinetics Joins Global Movement to Raise Awareness for Rare Diseases 3Cytokinetics Joins Global Movement to Raise Awareness for Rare Diseases 4Cytokinetics Joins Global Movement to Raise Awareness for Rare Diseases 5Cytokinetics Joins Global Movement to Raise Awareness for Rare Diseases 6Christopher Viehbacher, former CEO of Sanofi, Joins PureTech's Board of Directors 2Christopher Viehbacher, former CEO of Sanofi, Joins PureTech's Board of Directors 3Christopher Viehbacher, former CEO of Sanofi, Joins PureTech's Board of Directors 4Wilentz Client GenScript Awarded $10 Million in Trade Secrets Case Against Genewiz 2Wilentz Client GenScript Awarded $10 Million in Trade Secrets Case Against Genewiz 3
Cached News: