HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Mammoths stranded on Bering Sea island delayed extinction

Woolly mammoths stranded on Pribilofs delayed extinction Fossil is first record in the Americas of a mammoth population to have survived the Pleistocene

St. Paul, one of the five islands in the Bering Sea Pribilofs, was home to mammoths that survived the extinctions that wiped out mainland and other Bering Sea island mammoth populations.

In an article in the June 17, 2004 edition of the journal Nature, R. Dale Guthrie, professor emeritus at the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, says that when mammoths on the mainland of Alaska and other Bering Sea islands died out during the extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene era (about 11,000 years ago) those on the Pribilofs survived and new radiocarbon dates show how.

It was a matter of being in the right place at the right time and the mammoth tooth fossil that demonstrates Guthrie's point is the first record in the Americas of a mammoth population surviving the Pleistocene.

"During the last glacial maximum, when the sea level was about 120 meters below its current level, what are now the Pribilofs were simply uplands connected to the mainland by a large, flat plain," Guthrie said.

Using accelerator mass spectrometer (AMS) radiocarbon dating, bathymetric (water depth) plots, and sea transgression rates from the Bering Sea, Guthrie found that the mammoths became stranded on the Pribilofs about 13,000 years ago during the Holocene sea level rise after the last glacial maximum.

"Woolly mammoths became extinct on the mainland about 11,500 radiocarbon years ago," Guthrie said. At that time St. Lawrence Island was part of the Alaska mainland and presumably subject to the same extinction pressures as the mainland, but St. Paul had been an island for about 1,500 years.

"Radiocarbon-dated samples from St. Lawrence Island show similar dates of extinction to the mainland," Guthrie said, "but a sample from St. Paul dates to only 7,908 r
'"/>

Contact: Marie Gilbert
marie.gilbert@uaf.edu
907-474-7412
University of Alaska Fairbanks
16-Jun-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Urban heat islands make cities greener
2. 90 million year old dino tracks found on resort island
3. Study helps explain island populations susceptibility to exotic diseases
4. UCLA study sheds new light on island evolution
5. Articles on life in tropical island streams published in BioScience
6. Attack of the crazy ants - invasional meltdown on an oceanic island
7. Study illustrates diversification, speciation in biological "islands"
8. Pollutant causes delayed flowering in plants
9. Genetics mutations resulting in delayed puberty are focus of MCG study
10. Global warming may be delayed by increase in ocean silica
11. Study details genetic basis of aging -- and how it might be delayed

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Mammoths stranded Bering Sea island delayed extinction

(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015 The report "Multi-Factor Authentication ... Factor), Application (Travel & Immigration, Government, Banking, Defense, Commercial ... to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, Multi-Factor Authentication Market is ... at a CAGR of 17.7% between 2015 and 2020. ... igures spread through 169 P ...
(Date:8/24/2015)... CAPE TOWN, South Africa , August 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... awarded Germany ,s largest biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG ... with the "2015 African Biometrics Company of the ... installation in Nigeria .   ... ) and http://www.presseportal.de/nr/8896 - On Thursday ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... , Aug. 20, 2015 The wearable ... that are active and healthy. However, wearable technology ... hospital environment to help improve diagnostic capabilities and ... from the Wearable Technologies Conference 2015 , ... applications for wearables in healthcare.    ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 2Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 3Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 4Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 5Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 2Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 3Leaf Healthcare Releases Video from Wearable Technology Conference on New Applications for Wearables in the Hospital Environment 2Leaf Healthcare Releases Video from Wearable Technology Conference on New Applications for Wearables in the Hospital Environment 3
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... Inc. Magazine released its annual ... Solutions as number 1,361 in growth for the three years through 2014. Being named ... fastest-growing privately held organizations in the country. , “We are thrilled to make ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... ... recently presented new data on the relationship of genetics and hypertension at the ... on Heart Disease in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The event, which boasts an ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , Aug. 26, 2015  Roka Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... providing advanced testing solutions for the detection of foodborne ... present at the Sidoti & Company Emerging Growth Conference ... be held at the New York Marriott Marquis. ... be available through the investor relations section of Roka ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015  Platform therapeutic company Symic Biomedical, ... a $1.5M Phase II SBIR grant from the ... its therapeutic agent to reduce arteriovenous fistula (AVF) ... stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis. The ... Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), will ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iLab Solutions Named to 2015 Inc. 5000 List 2iLab Solutions Named to 2015 Inc. 5000 List 3Proove Biosciences Presents Ground-Breaking Data on Genetics and Heart Disease at 20th World Congress on Heart Disease 2Proove Biosciences Presents Ground-Breaking Data on Genetics and Heart Disease at 20th World Congress on Heart Disease 3Symic Biomedical Awarded $1.5MM NIH Phase II SBIR Grant to Develop its Proteoglycan Mimetic Therapeutics to Reduce Vascular Access Failures in ESRD 2Symic Biomedical Awarded $1.5MM NIH Phase II SBIR Grant to Develop its Proteoglycan Mimetic Therapeutics to Reduce Vascular Access Failures in ESRD 3
Cached News: