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Memory Loss In Old Age No Longer Linked To Dying Brain Cells

You must remember this: The specter of dying brain cells and an irretrievable loss of memory during old age no longer amounts to anything more than folklore.

File it away with all of the other old wives' tales.

Michela Gallagher, a professor of psychology at The Johns Hopkins University, announced recently at the 28th annual meeting of the Society of Neuroscience that there is now overwhelming evidence showing that cognitive decline in old age is far less a factor of neuro-degeneration than commonly thought.

"It's good news," Gallagher said, particularly for Baby Boomers who no longer need fear that expiring brain cells are the natural accomplice of doddering old age, subverting memory and other higher order mental processes.

By studying human data and tracing the neurological pathways of more than 800 healthy rats across their lifetimes, Gallagher has spent much of the past decade illuminating the mysterious processes that link memory and aging.

What she has discovered is that the dreaded loss of gray matter, which so many people believe is a natural result of growing old, actually is a process that occurs throughout a person's lifetime. Neuron numbers make a slow decline across decades, as cells die off regularly and consistently from youth to old age. While the brain demonstrates a remarkable ability to compensate for those losses -- forestalling any noticeable effect until the losses become, she said, "very, very profound" -- it now appears that even those neuron losses that do occur are confined to populations of cells that may not play any significant role in memory.

"It represents a real paradigm shift in neuroscience," Gallagher said. "For years, people have been trying to discover what caused the death of brain cells during aging. Our research has quite reversed that idea. We now know it's more important to understand the existing cells than to account for the one
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Contact: Gary Dorsey
gdd@jhu.edu
410-516-7160
Johns Hopkins University
25-Nov-1998


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