HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Men from early middle ages were nearly as tall as modern people

eople were less likely to move to warmer regions and were more likely to stick with traditional farming methods that ultimately failed," he said. "Climate change was likely to have imposed serious economic and health costs on northern Europeans, which in turn may have caused a downward trend in average height."

Urbanization and the growth of trade gained considerable momentum in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Both brought people together, which encouraged the spread of disease. And global exploration and trade led to the worldwide diffusion of many diseases into previously isolated areas.

"Height studies for the late 18th and early 19th centuries show that large cities were particularly hazardous for health," Steckel said. "Urban centers were reservoirs for the spread of communicable diseases."

Inequality in Europe grew considerably during the 16th century and stayed high until the 20th century the rich grew richer from soaring land rents while the poor paid higher prices for food, housing and land.

"In poor countries, or among the poor in moderate-income nations, large numbers of people are biologically stressed or deprived, which can lead to stunted growth," Steckel said. "It's plausible that growing inequality could have increased stress in ways that reduced average heights in the centuries immediately following the Middle Ages."

Political changes and strife also brought people together as well as put demand on resources.

"Wars decreased population density, which could be credited with improving health, but at a large cost of disrupting production and spreading disease," Steckel said. "Also, urbanization and inequality put increasing pressure on resources, which may have helped lead to a smaller stature."

Exactly why average height began to increase during the 18th and 19th centuries isn't completely clear, but Steckel surmises that climate change as well as improvements in agriculture helped. '"/>

Contact: Richard Steckel
steckel.1@osu.edu
614-292-5008
Ohio State University
1-Sep-2004


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Chemical derived from vitamin-E shows early promise as cancer drug
2. Phase II trials of second-generation antisense cancer drug planned following successful early study
3. The impact of genetic variations on the treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis
4. New research suggests early diet may play key role in protecting against childhood leukaemia
5. White House to honor UNC School of Medicine scientist for early career achievement
6. New imaging technology at Joslin shown to detect early signs of type 1 diabetes
7. Millennia still mean early days for newly identified sex chromosome
8. Preschool bolsters early childhood immunity, reduces risk of young adult Hodgkins lymphoma
9. OHSU researchers discover possible method for early detection, prevention of premature birth
10. Register early for the AIUM regional course, Ultrasound: The Complete Perspective, and save
11. Growth study of wild chimpanzees challenges assumptions about early humans

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Vehicle ... around 8.8% over the next decade to reach approximately $14.21 billion ... estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on global as ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... LIVERMORE, Calif. , March 21, 2017 ... recognition analytics company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today ... Sheridan as director of public safety business development. ... of diversified law enforcement experience, including a focus on ... Vigilant. In his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served ...
(Date:3/16/2017)... Germany , March 16, 2017 CeBIT 2017 - Against identity ... Continue Reading ... Used combined in one project, multi-biometric solutions provide ... Used ... Systems) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 25, 2017 , ... Activate Healthcare, a leading provider of ... fastest growing private companies, has selected Twine for its Employee Health Activation Platform. ... transformative model that empowers deep collaboration and behavior change. In randomized controlled trials, ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 25, 2017 , ... Throughout ... case studies, describing how process development and economic goals were achieved in both ... using a hollow-fiber bioreactor system, along with techniques for scaling production of mesenchymal ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2017 , ... ... truly understanding the full process behind each occurrence. Live cell imaging using fluorescence ... this webinar, the use of automated fluorescence microscopy methods will be discussed, from ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 25, 2017 , ... LabRoots , the leading provider of ... around the world, is announcing a new textbook scholarship, the second scholarship in the ... students, 17 years or older, pursuing a degree in one of the life sciences. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: