HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Mexican farmers effectively cultivate phenotypic diversity in maize

Erosion of genetic diversity of crop plants has for several decades been making it necessary to develop initiatives for protecting these plant resources. One strategy is in-situ conservation of crop plants. The model currently advanced involves maintaining the varieties to be conserved isolated in reserves, protected from entry of other varieties from elsewhere and cultivated according to ancestral farming practices. Researchers from the IRD and the CIMMYT of Mexico (1) used work previously conducted in Mexico on maize varieties, or landraces, to devise a different, dynamic, model judged more compatible with agricultural development and closer to the real conditions in which these plants diversified under the constant action of farmers (2). Insofar as local landraces are still grown as crops on sufficiently large areas of land, the introduction of others from outside, favouring a certain rate of gene flow, would in fact be a source of diversity rather than a factor of genetic erosion.

Mexico, the cradle of maize cultivation, is where this member of the Graminae family, a descendent of a local wild grass, teosinte, was domesticated and phenotypically diversified by human action, at least 6 000 years B.P. An in-situ conservation programme jointly run by CIMMYT, INIFAP (Mexican National Institute of Research in Forestry and Agriculture and Livestock Breeding) and the IRD, conducted in the central valleys of Oaxaca, enabled the research team to characterize the genetic structure of the different populations of local maize landraces and measured the impact of farming practices on this diversity. They focused on two types of diversity: phenotypic (concerning the morphological characters of the plants) and the genetic diversity (observed using genetic markers).

Study of the populations of maize landraces cultivated in six villages of this central region of Mexico has revealed that the morphological and agronomic characters in the field, such as ear size, kern
'"/>

Contact: Bndicte Robert
presse@paris.ird.fr
33-1-48-03-75-19
Institut de Recherche Pour le Dveloppement
29-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Dont drink the water: Texas A&M researcher conducting study of polluted Mexican lake
2. Lower insulin sensitivity found In Mexican-Americans, regardless of behavioral and metabolic factors
3. Researchers project future shrinking biodiversity of Mexican species
4. Mexican reserves fail to protect monarch butterflies
5. Power plants, other industry could offer contracts to farmers in helping reduce carbon emissions
6. Want a side of algae with that? Hawaiian farmers sell seaweed by the seashore
7. Few Filipino farmers know of the benefits of golden rice
8. Worm farmers wriggle into US market
9. Dairy farmers protect groundwater, save money
10. Agricultural science helping farmers reduce greenhouse gas
11. IFDC innovative technology increases farmers agricultural productivity, maintains resource base

Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/10/2014)... , December 9, 2014 ... ITN,s BCARD Platform   ... enterprise meeting scheduling solutions for business-to-business (B2B) events, ... world leader in mobile near-field communication (NFC), Bluetooth ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140612/691055) , Jifflenow ...
(Date:12/5/2014)... -- Tute Genomics, a leader in cloud-based solutions for genome ... led by UK-based Eurovestech. Peak Ventures and a number ... "We are at a pivotal time in ... seeks new approaches for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention ... and CEO of Tute Genomics. "One of the main ...
(Date:12/3/2014)... 2014   Marvin Test Solutions , a ... for military, aerospace, and manufacturing organizations, today announced ... TS-900 PXI semiconductor test platform . The ... systems to customers at a fraction of the ... ATE. "Our semiconductor customers asked ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3Tute Genomics Raises $2.3 Million to Scale Up Cloud-Based Genome Analytics and Accelerate Personalized Medicine 2Tute Genomics Raises $2.3 Million to Scale Up Cloud-Based Genome Analytics and Accelerate Personalized Medicine 3Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 2Marvin Test Solutions Brings New Capabilities to PXI-Based Semiconductor Test with TS-960 3
(Date:12/19/2014)... Today, TiFiber, Inc. announced ... and future company headquarters in Fort Smith, Arkansas ... that safely and effectively control dangerous microorganisms. Fort ... historic, strong support for manufacturing, but also due ... technology-based companies such as TiFiber. , In ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... In contrast to traditional LED lights where ... Valoya uses proprietary LED technology to incorporate their spectra ... which is critical in low proximity installations. The Valoya ... its lifetime which is up to four times longer ... investment cost was clearly higher when compared to traditional ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014   ISN ... & Safety Performance Indicators publication series. With ... of activity reported in 2013 within its online contractor ... and safety key performance indicator (KPI) statistics. ... Clients, U.S. publication is available in two ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... TX (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Achim ... and administration for Stoller Group. In this position, Noack ... Group, on administrative matters, develop marketing strategy and supervise ... services. , “Achim has tremendous knowledge and experience ... of Stoller Group. “His experience and innovative thinking will ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 2Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 4ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3Achim Noack Joins Stoller Group as Global Vice President of Marketing and Administration 2
Cached News: