HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Molecular basis of mental retardation uncovered

ately 1 in 2,000 males and 1 in 4,000 females worldwide. Symptoms include mild to moderate cognitive and behavioral deficits as well as subtle facial malformations. In addition, the brain cells, or neurons, of people with the disease have abnormal physical features: their "dendritic spines" - the finger-like projections on the ends of neurons that are required for communication with other neurons - are unusually long and spindly.

The disease originates when genetic mutations in the FMRP gene, which lies on the X chromosome, cause FMRP not to be produced. But unlike the well-studied Down syndrome, which occurs when a portion of a chromosome is duplicated in the womb, much remains unclear about the molecular basis of fragile X syndrome.

"The problem of fragile X is intriguing, because the loss of a single protein causes a variety of behavioral and physical changes," says Jennifer Darnell, Ph.D., lead author of one of the Cell reports and a research assistant professor at Rockefeller. "Before this, the consequences of losing the fragile X mental retardation protein on other brain proteins was unknown."

Previously, it was known that FMRP, first identified a decade ago, binds to messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules - which carry genetic information (DNA) from a body cell's nucleus to its protein-making machinery - yet the specific mRNAs involved as well as the overall purpose of this protein remained elusive.

Now, the researchers present several important clues, which together suggest that FMRP may turn up or down the production of certain brain proteins by binding to their mRNA molecules, and thus influencing the cell's protein-making machinery. This type of protein regulation is a crucial aspect of every cell's life, and in the case of brain cells, is essential for learning and memory formation. A key feature of the current work is the identification of the specific mRNAs that FMRP binds to, as
'"/>

Contact: Whitney Clavin
clavinw@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7900
Rockefeller University
15-Nov-2001


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Molecular motor implicated in tissue remodeling
2. 16th EORTC NCI AACR Symposium Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
3. 16th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
4. Molecular staples shape a cancer killer
5. Molecular motor myosin VI moves hand over hand, researchers say
6. Molecular therapeutics advance fight against brain cancer
7. Molecular motor shuttles key protein in response to light
8. Molecular traffic cop directs cellular signals
9. Molecular marker predicts success of breast cancer treatment
10. Molecular image of genotoxin reveals how bacteria damage human DNA
11. Molecular mechanism found that may improve ability of stem cells to fight disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Molecular basis mental retardation uncovered

(Date:8/12/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 12, 2015 ... leading developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... the recently announced Match-in-Sensor solution, have officially been ... (FIDO) Alliance. As part of the certification, Synaptics, ... the FIDO 1.0 Universal Authentication Framework (UAF) standard ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... BOSTON and TELTOW, Germany ... the 2015 Siggraph Conference, SensoMotoric Instruments (SMI) ... augmented reality , based on Epson,s Moverio ... eye tracking platform. With this new solution, unprecedented quality ... multi-modal, hands-free interaction with context-sensitive displays. For the first ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... Research and ... addition of the "Digital Forensics Market ... (Computer Forensics, Network Forensics, Mobile Device Forensics, ... and Region - Global Forecast to 2020" ... By Component (Hardware, Software, and Service), Sub-Segment ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics Announces FIDO Certification of Natural ID Fingerprint Solutions 2Synaptics Announces FIDO Certification of Natural ID Fingerprint Solutions 3SMI Shows First Eye Tracking Upgrade for Augmented Reality Glasses 2SMI Shows First Eye Tracking Upgrade for Augmented Reality Glasses 3Digital Forensics Market - The Market Represents a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 11.3% From 2015 to 2020 2
(Date:8/28/2015)... , Aug. 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - RepliCel ... stage regenerative medicine company focused on the development ... for the quarter ended June 30, 2015, corporate ... and management report are available at www.sedar.com ... . "RepliCel expects to launch ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... ... ... the initial launch of FireflySci Inc. (FFS) in early 2015, the company continues to shake ... as the Fonz in a lab coat and Large Marge have been posted on the ... , FireflySci is proud to be the only cuvette manufacturer is the world that ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... Reston, VA (PRWEB) , ... August 27, 2015 , ... ... government contractors solve complex business problems, is pleased to announce their ranking as one ... 34th annual ranking of the fastest-growing private companies across the nation. , “It is ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Portage Biotech Inc. ("Portage") (OTC ... Pharmaceutical Holding Company Limited (Biohaven), announced today that ... of BHV-0223, a glutamate modulating agent. Biohaven filed ... recently obtained clearance from the U.S. Food and ... Portage holds 54% equity interest in Biohaven, a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4RepliCel Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Cuvette Manufacturer FireflySci Launches Back to School Deals with Complimentary Shipping On All Orders 2Capital Edge Consulting Makes Inc. 5000 List of America’s Fastest-Growing Private Companies 2Capital Edge Consulting Makes Inc. 5000 List of America’s Fastest-Growing Private Companies 3Portage's Biohaven doses first human subject in Phase 1 trial with lead drug candidate BHV-0223 2Portage's Biohaven doses first human subject in Phase 1 trial with lead drug candidate BHV-0223 3Portage's Biohaven doses first human subject in Phase 1 trial with lead drug candidate BHV-0223 4
Cached News: