HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Molecular basis of mental retardation uncovered

ately 1 in 2,000 males and 1 in 4,000 females worldwide. Symptoms include mild to moderate cognitive and behavioral deficits as well as subtle facial malformations. In addition, the brain cells, or neurons, of people with the disease have abnormal physical features: their "dendritic spines" - the finger-like projections on the ends of neurons that are required for communication with other neurons - are unusually long and spindly.

The disease originates when genetic mutations in the FMRP gene, which lies on the X chromosome, cause FMRP not to be produced. But unlike the well-studied Down syndrome, which occurs when a portion of a chromosome is duplicated in the womb, much remains unclear about the molecular basis of fragile X syndrome.

"The problem of fragile X is intriguing, because the loss of a single protein causes a variety of behavioral and physical changes," says Jennifer Darnell, Ph.D., lead author of one of the Cell reports and a research assistant professor at Rockefeller. "Before this, the consequences of losing the fragile X mental retardation protein on other brain proteins was unknown."

Previously, it was known that FMRP, first identified a decade ago, binds to messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules - which carry genetic information (DNA) from a body cell's nucleus to its protein-making machinery - yet the specific mRNAs involved as well as the overall purpose of this protein remained elusive.

Now, the researchers present several important clues, which together suggest that FMRP may turn up or down the production of certain brain proteins by binding to their mRNA molecules, and thus influencing the cell's protein-making machinery. This type of protein regulation is a crucial aspect of every cell's life, and in the case of brain cells, is essential for learning and memory formation. A key feature of the current work is the identification of the specific mRNAs that FMRP binds to, as
'"/>

Contact: Whitney Clavin
clavinw@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7900
Rockefeller University
15-Nov-2001


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Molecular motor implicated in tissue remodeling
2. 16th EORTC NCI AACR Symposium Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
3. 16th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
4. Molecular staples shape a cancer killer
5. Molecular motor myosin VI moves hand over hand, researchers say
6. Molecular therapeutics advance fight against brain cancer
7. Molecular motor shuttles key protein in response to light
8. Molecular traffic cop directs cellular signals
9. Molecular marker predicts success of breast cancer treatment
10. Molecular image of genotoxin reveals how bacteria damage human DNA
11. Molecular mechanism found that may improve ability of stem cells to fight disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Molecular basis mental retardation uncovered

(Date:4/20/2015)... 20, 2015 The announcement comes ... Glenbeigh Records Management (GRM), Ireland,s foremost ... Bank. Having built up an impressive track record of clients ... player within the records management sector in Dubai ... is GCC staffbase and employ a further eight staff members ...
(Date:4/13/2015)... 2015 According to a ... Market Forecast & Opportunities, 2020", the global biometrics market ... 14% till 2020. The biometrics market is garnering ... and review of biometric management systems. The constant ... with greater efficiency, are resulting in increasing installation ...
(Date:4/8/2015)... , April 8, 2015  Infinisource, a ... and services, and Morpho, a leading supplier of ... to produce the market,s most advanced biometrically-enabled time ... iSolved NXG time clock is setting a bold, ... labor data for the small and mid-size employer. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Glenbeigh Records Management Wins Contract With Dubai Islamic Bank 2Glenbeigh Records Management Wins Contract With Dubai Islamic Bank 3Global Biometrics Market to Cross US$ 21 Billion by 2020: TechSci Research 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 3
(Date:4/24/2015)... DryLet, LLC a biotechnology company ... as animal waste reduction, bioremediation, wastewater treatment, aquaculture ... treatment plants and restaurant kitchen settings, announced today ... Restaurant Association’s NRA Show 2015, in Chicago, Illinois ... company will be available to share information about ...
(Date:4/24/2015)... 2015 PAREXEL International Corporation (NASDAQ: PRXL ... that Partnerships in Clinical Trials named PAREXEL,s Drew ... Innovator of the Year.  The honor recognizes Mr. Garty,s ... Perceptive MyTrials ® Data-Driven Monitoring solution. ... 2015 Partnership Awards in Boston , ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... 2015 /CNW/ - A new and innovative service has ... North America,s largest packaging trade ... in the "Sustainability, service" category of the PAC ... Comparison" is a service that scores clients, packaging ... peers. This benchmarking process shows clients how their ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... San Jose, California (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... – Predictive diagnostics refer to a series of ... such as cystic fibrosis, Lou Gehrig's disease, Huntington's ... beneficial in examining the gene composition and interaction ... of the disease as well as the response ...
Breaking Biology Technology:DryLet to Showcase Bio-React at the National Restaurant Association’s NRA Show 2015 May 16-19, 2015 in Chicago, Illinois 2PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 2PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 3PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 4PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 5Increasing Disease Prevalence & Focus on Preventive Healthcare Drive the Predictive Diagnostics Market, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 2Increasing Disease Prevalence & Focus on Preventive Healthcare Drive the Predictive Diagnostics Market, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 3
Cached News: