HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Molecular 'stop signs' may hold secret of nerve regeneration

Using brain cells from rats, scientists at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the University of Hamburg have manipulated a molecular "stop sign" so that the injured nerve cells regenerate.

While their findings are far from application in people, the prospects for eventually being able to repair spinal cord injury are brighter, they say.

"Four thousand years ago, physicians wrote that spinal cord injury was untreatable, and unfortunately it's much the same today," says Ronald L. Schnaar, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology and of neuroscience at Hopkins. "But the basic-science framework for improving this situation is quickly emerging."

In adult mammals, including humans, molecular signals carefully control the number of contacts nerve cells make by inhibiting new connections. When the brain or spinal cord has been damaged, the goal is to neutralize those inhibitors so that the long tentacles of nerve cells, the axons, might reestablish their broken connections, says Schnaar.

The research team reports identifying brain chemicals that are involved in the ability of one of the inhibitors to prevent injured nerve cells from connecting to other nerves or muscles. By keeping the chemicals from interacting with the inhibitor, the researchers were able to stimulate damaged nerve cells to regenerate in laboratory dishes. Their report is in the June 11 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"In the central nervous system, once an axon is interrupted in some way, through disease or injury, generally it's stopped dead in its tracks, but in the rest of the body, damaged axons can re-grow," says Schnaar. "To make headway in treating brain and spinal cord injury, we need to attack this problem from a number of angles, and our studies have provided an additional target for intervention."

Of the "stop signs" identified so far, Schnaar's team focused on MAG, or myelin-associated glycoprotein, whi
'"/>

Contact: Joanna Downer
jdowner1@jhmi.edu
410-614-5105
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
18-Jun-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Molecular motor implicated in tissue remodeling
2. 16th EORTC NCI AACR Symposium Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
3. 16th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
4. Molecular staples shape a cancer killer
5. Molecular motor myosin VI moves hand over hand, researchers say
6. Molecular therapeutics advance fight against brain cancer
7. Molecular motor shuttles key protein in response to light
8. Molecular traffic cop directs cellular signals
9. Molecular marker predicts success of breast cancer treatment
10. Molecular image of genotoxin reveals how bacteria damage human DNA
11. Molecular mechanism found that may improve ability of stem cells to fight disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Molecular stop signs may hold secret nerve regeneration

(Date:3/11/2015)... BOSTON , March 11, 2015   ... of its platform to scientifically measure and harness ... characteristics to real-time biometrics and objective measurements of ... of music at scale in large populations. It ... scientists, technologists and clinicians perform rigorous studies and ...
(Date:3/10/2015)... Colo. , March 10, 2015 ... Flight "Personalized Medicine in Human Space ... and Thomas J. Goodwin , Ph.D. was recently ... of the past two years. Specifically, "Personalized ... most downloaded scientific papers published in 2013 and 2014 ...
(Date:3/10/2015)... OXFORD, Conn. , March 10, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... NXTDW) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), a biometric authentication ... reports the company,s Wocket™ smart wallet has been ... 2015" by Rethink Modern. Rethink Modern ... sharing modern and innovative items for your home and lifestyle that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Introducing The Sync Project, a Global Collaboration Harnessing the Scientific Potential of Music for Health 2Introducing The Sync Project, a Global Collaboration Harnessing the Scientific Potential of Music for Health 3"Personalized Medicine in Human Space Flight" Listed Among Most Influential Papers of 2013 and 2014 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Named Number One Best Tech Gift for 2015 by Rethink Modern 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Named Number One Best Tech Gift for 2015 by Rethink Modern 3NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Named Number One Best Tech Gift for 2015 by Rethink Modern 4
(Date:3/26/2015)... 2015 PAREXEL International Corporation (Nasdaq: ... research organization , announced today that the ... acquire all of the business assets of privately-owned ... of specialized pharmacovigilance services, based in Chandigarh, ... assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... (PRWEB) March 26, 2015 "In America," the ... the United States that is hosted by legendary film actor ... topic of botany in an upcoming segment. , Botany ... in reality it is actually quite a bit more complicated ... of different types of living organisms, from the smallest bacteria ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... 2015 WriteResult, a premier provider of ... Yale University’s School of Public Health and New Haven ... a 4 month-long project. The goal of the study ... families with free access to fresh produce and nutrition ... concerns like high blood pressure, diabetes and weight gain. ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... March 26, 2015 Agnition announced today ... of American Farmer, airing for the first time at ... of American Farmer will explore the extremely important role ... producers with a patented Microbial Catalyst™ technology that enhances ... yields. The segment will air again on April 28. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PAREXEL Announces Execution of Definitive Agreement to Acquire Quantum Solutions India, Strengthening Leadership In Pharmacovigilance Services 2PAREXEL Announces Execution of Definitive Agreement to Acquire Quantum Solutions India, Strengthening Leadership In Pharmacovigilance Services 3PAREXEL Announces Execution of Definitive Agreement to Acquire Quantum Solutions India, Strengthening Leadership In Pharmacovigilance Services 4Yale and New Haven Farms Improving Patient Health with WriteResult's myPROpad™ 2Yale and New Haven Farms Improving Patient Health with WriteResult's myPROpad™ 3Agnition to be Featured In Upcoming Episode of American Farmer on RFD-TV 2
Cached News: