HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Monogamy Has Its Rewards For Flies

Having sex with only one partner makes males nicer and females less defensive, at least in fruit flies. It seems the flies don't benefit from having a choice of mate. In fact, they do worse.

Male Drosophila melanogaster are promiscuous and compete for available females. To try to ensure that their sperm fertilises the female's eggs, males have evolved toxic seminal fluid that disables the sperm of other males that have mated with the same female, and carries hormones that make the female less sexually receptive, reducing the chance that she will mate again. These toxins and hormones are harmful to females, however, so they have evolved defences against them.

In short, sex in fruit flies is a running battle in which males have evolved to fertilise as many eggs as possible, while females have evolved to protect their own health. "They can antagonistically coevolve just like predator and prey," says William Rice of the University of California at Santa Cruz.

Rice and his student Brett Holland hoped to find out far fruit flies have gone in this arms race. Holland divided a laboratory population of flies into four subpopulations in which females lived in individual vials. In two of the subpopulations, each female shared a vial with three males, which competed in the usual way to fertilise her.

In the other two subpopulations, Holland forced the flies to be monogamous by putting only one male with each female. Under such conditions, males have nothing to gain by emphasising quantity over quality. "In this case, what's good for a female is good for her mate and vice versa. That should convert the arms race into a mutualistic interaction," says Rice.

After 34 generations, Holland measured the toxicity of the flies' seminal fluid by mating the males with females that were specially bred to be particularly sensitive to seminal fluid toxins. The females were 20 per cent less likely to die after a single mating with m
'"/>

Contact: Claire Bowles
claire.bowles@rbi.co.uk
44 171 331 2751
New Scientist
1-Jul-1998


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Monogamy appears to be unnatural in the natural world
2. Flies may taste bitter better, first map of insect tongue reveals
3. Flies offer clues to anesthesia-resistant memory
4. Scientists, Using Flies, Trace Genetic Links To Cancer
5. For Fruit Flies, Finding The Right Mate May Mean Offspring With A Longer Life Span, According To New Study
6. Two Modes Of Aging Discovered In Fruit Flies
7. Scientists Discover Two Modes Of Aging In Fruit Flies
8. UF Researchers Innovative Fence Helps Control Sand Flies
9. Drunken Fruit Flies Reveal Molecular Pathway Regulating Sensitivity To Alcohol
10. Fruit Flies May Shed Light On Cocaine Addiction
11. Two Parasitic Wasps Show Promise For Controlling Pest Flies

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Monogamy Has Its Rewards For Flies

(Date:12/19/2014)... 18, 2014 Research and Markets ( ... "Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 The North American perimeter ... of 3.6% from 2014 to 2019. Although the U.S. ... Canada is expected to grow at ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... a Good Clinical Practices (GCP) audit to confirm ... Administration (FDA) regulations. This accomplishment enables HITLAB to ... trials utilizing the highest principles for patient safety ... to improve global healthcare access, quality, and delivery ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... 09, 2014 Research and Markets ... ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition ... Region 2015-2019"  report to their offering. ... is advances in technology. With continuous advances in ... to the latest standard that meets the needs ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 3HITLAB Completes GCP Audit for FDA Smart Device & App Compliance 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014 Ed Bilsky, Ph.D., vice president ... for Excellence in the Neurosciences (CEN), and professor of ... selected as a member of the prestigious Dana Alliance ... from Maine to receive this honor. , The ... by the Dana Foundation. Its mission is to ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 19, 2014 In contrast to traditional ... with various colors, Valoya uses proprietary LED technology to ... best possible uniformity which is critical in low proximity ... spectral accuracy throughout its lifetime which is up to ... , "The investment cost was clearly higher when ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 18, 2014  Decision Resources Group finds that the ... will grow moderately through 2023 as the aging population, ... of dental biomaterials all spur procedure volumes. Growth will ... China and India ... within reach for a larger proportion of the population. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 18, 2014 ... novel therapies for the treatment of chronic pain, announced ... held today. "This was a transformational year ... a promising future for our company," said Sergio ... past year, we have executed on key financial, human ...
Breaking Biology Technology:UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 2UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 3Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 3Relmada Therapeutics Announces Results of Annual Shareholders Meeting 2
Cached News: