More than half of a group of children surveyed by Johns Hopkins get too many of their daily calories from fat, according to a new study. Ten percent of the children exceed the daily recommended levels of cholesterol.
"While most people wait until adulthood to worry about cardiovascular disease, the habits we form as children can make a difference in how we fare in this difficult fight," says Kerry J. Stewart, Ed.D., lead author of the study and an associate professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. "Because cardiovascular disease begins in childhood, we urge parents to take a second look at what their children are eating."
Results of the study will be presented at 9:30 a.m., Nov. 10, at the American Heart Association's 71st annual Scientific Sessions in Dallas.
To assess whether children were meeting the recommendations established in 1991 by the National Cholesterol Education Program, researchers studied the 24-hour diet records of Boy and Girl Scouts (145 girls and 158 boys) ages 8 to 14 in the Baltimore area. More than half of the children exceeded the daily recommended levels for total fat intake.
The researchers looked at the different types of fat children consumed -- saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. More than half of the children exceeded recommended levels of the "undesirable" saturated fats found in butter, red meat and cheese that can lead to high cholesterol. In addition, about half of the children fell short of the suggested levels of "desirable" monounsaturated fats found in canola and peanut oils. Very few children consumed enough of the polyunsaturated fats found in corn oil and margarine.
"Childhood eating patterns carry into adulthood," Stewart says. "Our goal
with Scouts is to change these patterns early in life, with the long-term goal
of preventing adult
heart disease. These findings lay the groundwork for our educational
intervention. We mu
Contact: Shelly Belcher
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions