HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Mouth microbes may help shape immune system, says Stanford research team

STANFORD, Calif. - The immune system may be shaped by some of the very agents it exists to fight, according to research by David Relman, MD, associate professor of medicine and of microbiology and immunology at Stanford University School of Medicine.

"Microbes not only provide functions that promote health, but may actually guide the stages of our own immune system development," said Relman. "It seems reasonable to propose that only until we have an idea of the make-up and variability of the microbial ecosystems living within us do we begin to get an idea of the mechanisms underlying the functions they perform, such as immune system maturation and defense against pathogens."

Relman will present an overview of his lab's work on this subject, along with some new findings Feb. 16 as part of the "Innate Immunity and Oral Health" program at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Seattle.

The mouth provides a thriving community of microbes and a unique field in which to study how these tiny creatures interact with their hosts. Relman's group has concentrated efforts on the subgingival crevice - the deep gap between the gums and teeth - in their search for microbes. Even though almost 500 bacterial strains or species have been identified in this oral pocket, Relman believes there remains a substantial amount to be learned about their behavior and response to perturbation, such as brushing and flossing, and environmental insults such as being attacked by the immune system.

Some of the most basic kinds of questions remain unanswered in the microbial world, said Relman. While there is a general consensus that bacteria play a role in causing gum disease, no single microbe has been implicated as the culprit. "The details on how oral microbes cause disease is probably not a simple story," said Relman. "One agent does not equal one disease. There are complex interactions between members of the oral flora
'"/>

Contact: Mitzi Baker
mitzibaker@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center
16-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Foot-and-Mouth disease: Can research offer solutions? Science feature examines prevention and detection efforts
2. First Study To Take Bacteria Directly From Patients Mouths Further Supports Possible Link Between Gum And Heart Disease
3. Finding the hole in the defenses of cavity-creating microbes
4. Figs may inhibit growth and survival of harmful microbes in food
5. Discovery of tiny microbes in ancient Greenland glacier may define limits for life on Earth
6. Small, cold, & hungry: Ultra-small microbes from 120,000-year-old glacier ice sample
7. Antibiotics alter GI tract microbes and increase lung sensitivity to allergens
8. Researchers discover 1.2 million new genes in Sargasso Sea microbes
9. Fuel-cell microbes double duty: treat water, make energy
10. Navy enlists microbes to cut costs
11. Researchers probe how microbes speed up acid production at mining sites

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2016)... Feb. 2, 2016 This BCC Research ... market by reviewing the recent advances in high ... drive the field forward. Includes forecast through 2019. ... the challenges and opportunities that exist in the ... solution developers, as well as IT and bioinformatics ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... NEW YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 Technology ... service presents an analysis of the digital and computed ... Malaysia , and Indonesia ... current trends and market size, as well as regional ... by country and discusses market penetration and market attractiveness, ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016  Based on its ... & Sullivan recognizes US-based Intelligent Retinal Imaging Systems ... Sullivan Award for New Product Innovation. IRIS, a ... North America , is poised to ... growing diabetic retinopathy market. The IRIS technology presents ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- IsoRay, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ISR), a medical technology company ... for the treatment of prostate, brain, lung, head and ... for the second quarter and six months of fiscal ... --> --> Revenue was $1.19 ... ended December 31, 2015, a 12% increase compared to ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Springfield, MO (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 ... ... company, will attend the International Society of Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) Rocky Mountain Chapter ... of ISPE is expecting to fill more than 100 tables for its annual ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... available on Microsoft Azure. On Azure, Arvados provides capabilities for managing and processing ... demand for Microsoft Azure from major institutions collecting and analyzing genomic data,” said ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... ... With a presidential election in November and the future of U.S. healthcare in ... top healthcare leaders for a night and day of debates and discussions about what ... the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, will be held February 18 – 19, 2016 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: