NC State scientists confirm second toxic pfiesteria species

waste lagoon. During two years of testing by Burkholder and associate Howard Glasgow Jr.'s lab, as well as by an independent lab for careful corroboration, all the tests confirmed that the organism is toxic.

Researchers have discovered other Pfiesteria "lookalike" organisms, but P. shumwayae is the first truly Pfiesteria-like organism - besides P. piscicida - to be found harmful to fish.

Burkholder said that the life cycle and behavior of P. shumwayae are identical to those of P. piscicida. Like P. piscicida, the newly described species has a complex series of life stages, most of which are nontoxic. "So far, we've confirmed that 19 of its stages are similar to those of piscicida, and we believe that it's only a matter of time before we verify that the other stages are also the same," she said.

Most of those stages are nontoxic in both species. In the presence of live fish, however, several stages of both species generate toxins that stun the fish and cause open sores on their skin; the microbes then feed on the fish tissue and blood. Both also prefer to prey on the same kinds of algae when fish are not available, and can "steal" plant-like organelles from algae to masquerade as microscopic plants.

NC State researchers, however, found dissimilarities in the structure and the genetic makeup of the two species. Molecular probes identified a 3 percent difference between the two species' DNA. Glasgow spent 200 hours over two years mapping the surface of hundreds of Pfiesteria zoospores using a scanning electron microscope. In so doing, he found that many specimens had a different "fingerprint" - they had a four-sided structural plate on the outside of the cells where P. piscicida had a three-sided plate.

"The difference between these species is the difference between a diamond and a triangle," Burkholder explained.

Thus far, P. shumwayae has been found to overlap the geographic distribution of P. piscicida: The single-celled organisms inhab

Contact: Kevin Potter
North Carolina State University

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. New Arizona State center brings science to policy on issues of water resources and urban growth
2. K-State, other universities to study how climate affects plant evolution
3. K-States National Agricultural Biosecurity Center receives $1.3 Million from Department of Defense
4. K-State professor combines love of teaching, research to examine eye development
5. K-State researcher working to improve alternatives to equine antibiotics
6. Lung cancer patients in Japan, United States react differently to the same chemotherapy regimen
7. K-State business researchers to help with major study on food supply veterinary medicine
8. K-State researchers share $1 million grant to study insect pests
9. UC Riverside professor to spend year with US State Department
10. American Lung Associations 2004 State of the Air report ranks cities and counties with dirty air
11. K-State soil carbon sequestration research playing role in climate change efforts

Post Your Comments:

(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016 Ampronix facilitates superior patient care by providing unparalleled technology ... LCD display is the latest premium product recently added to the range of products ... ... ... 3d Imaging- LCD Medical Display- Ampronix News ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  Neurotechnology, a provider ... MegaMatcher Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) , ... multi-biometric projects. MegaMatcher ABIS can process multiple complex ... any combination of fingerprint, face or iris biometrics. ... SDK and MegaMatcher Accelerator , which ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... 2016 The new GEZE SecuLogic ... web-based "all-in-one" system solution for all door components. It ... the door interface with integration authorization management system, and ... The minimal dimensions of the access control and the ... installations offer considerable freedom of design with regard to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Newly created 4Sight Medical Solutions ... the healthcare market. The company's primary focus is on new product introductions, to ... that are necessary to help companies efficiently bring their products to market. , ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... PHILADELPHIA , June 27, 2016  Liquid ... today announced the funding of a Sponsored Research ... study circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from cancer patients.  ... changes in CTC levels correlate with clinical outcomes ... therapies. These data will then be employed to ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016  Regular discussions on a range of ... between the two entities said Poloz. Speaking at ... Ottawa , he pointed to the country,s inflation target, ... government. "In certain ... institutions have common economic goals, why not sit down and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Brooklyn, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... 15mm, machines such as the Cary 5000 and the 6000i models are higher end ... height is the height of the spectrophotometer’s light beam from the bottom of the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: