HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
NIEHS And U.C. Davis Researchers Find Protein That May Be Key To Non-Hormonal Family Planning And Treatment Of Infertility

Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the University of California at Davis report that one of the body's approximately 70,000 proteins, called fertilin-beta, is essential for bringing together sperm and egg for fertilization. The research team, led by Chunghee Cho of UC-Davis, presented findings that will be a milestone in understanding how a new life begins.

The researchers believe this finding can pave the way for a non-hormonal approach to family planning and the diagnosis and treatment of some types of infertility.

Twenty years of work by the UC-Davis investigators established that fertilin-beta plays an important role in fusion of the sperm to the egg in fertilization. In this latest study, a collaboration with NIEHS scientists, mice were produced with a knockout of the fertilin-beta gene. The investigators were not surprised that sperm from these mice were unable to fuse with eggs. However, they did not expect to find that the sperm could not travel up the oviduct or bind to the zona pellucida, the envelope surrounding the egg.

The study, which appears in the journal Science, Vol. 281, pp. 1857-1859, was authored by Chunghee Cho, Ph.D.; Paul Primakoff, Ph.D.; and Diana G. Myles, Ph.D., all of University of California, Davis; and Eugenia H. Goulding; Edward M. Eddy, Ph.D.; and Donna O'Dell Bunch, Ph.D., of the Laboratory of Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology, NIEHS; and Jean-Emmanuel Faure, Ph.D., Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Lyon, France.

Dr. Cho, first author on the paper, said that "astronomers study the Big Bang, the moment when the Universe began. In life, sperm-egg fusion is the Big Bang and we now understand more about the few seconds before and few seconds after this event" said Dr. Cho. "With all the current concerns about the possible effects of endocrine disruptors on fertility and of hormone-based contraceptives on the development of so
'"/>

Contact: Tom Hawkins
hawkins@niehs.nih.gov
(919) 541-1402
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
30-Sep-1998


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. NIEHS/NTP Director Dr. Kenneth Olden receives Society of Toxicologys Public Communications Award
2. NIEHS and UNC to collaborate on registry of 20,000 subjects
3. NIEHS-funded researchers find low-level ozone increases respiratory risk of asthmatic children
4. NIEHS study identifies gene for hydrocephalus in mice
5. NIEHS, NTP director receives honorary doctorate
6. Advisory panel on federal report on carcinogens makes recommendations to NIEHS/NTP for new listings
7. NIEHS urges safety workers to prepare for Y2K false alarms and malfunctions
8. NIEHS-cloned gene linked to a natural substance that reduces vascular inflammation, a key to arterial clogging
9. NIEHS Finds Protein That Counteracts Inflammation And Wasting That May Target Rheumatoid Arthritis And Crohns Disease
10. Three-Way Gene-Gene-Environmental Exposure Interaction Shown By NIEHS To Escalate Smoking-Related Bladder Cancer
11. Controversial UK badger killings analyzed by UC Davis expert

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/21/2014)... pancreas digesting itself resulting in severe abdominal pain, vomiting ... 20,000 patients are diagnosed with the disease resulting in ... is restricted to intravenous fluid and nutritional support. ... Sciences, who led the research, said "The major causes ... and excessive alcohol intake combined with a high fat ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... SALT LAKE CITY Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) ... mutated forms of the gene that encodes BCR-ABL, the ... (CML). According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 6,000 ... , Drugs already in use, called tyrosine kinase inhibitors ... disease. They do not cure CML but control it ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... State University, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and the ... Mycobacterium pinnipedii from skeletons found in Peru ... is a relative of the TB bacterium that affects ... These researchers assume that seals carried the pathogens from ... lions was unexpected" comments Sebastien Gagneux, from the Swiss ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis 2Blueprint for next generation of chronic myeloid leukemia treatment 2
(Date:8/21/2014)... 2014 Telomere Biosciences, LLC (Telomere Biosciences) ... for Dogs" with Telomerase Activation Complex , ... world for dogs. Telomeres are the protective caps ... body. A wealth of ground-breaking research by some ... and Aging, including Nobel laureates, has demonstrated a ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... , Aug. 21, 2014 ... Immune Pharmaceuticals Inc., a biotechnology company, on its ... Immune previously traded on OTCQX®, the best marketplace ... OTC Markets Group. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20110118/MM31963LOGO ... on the successful execution of its growth strategy ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Ontotext S4 , The Self Service Semantic ... Now the same enterprise hardened text mining, Linked Data ... is available to start-ups and mid-size businesses at a ... do not have resources to evaluate and prototype enterprise ... there is no need for on premise hardware provisioning ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... RALEIGH, N.C. , Aug. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... clinical research services located in Raleigh, ... Bradford Evans as Vice President of ... Administration, Brad will oversee all corporate processes, including ... to joining Clintrax Global, Brad worked as an ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Telomere Biosciences Announces: TELO-20 for Dogs, the World's First Telomere-Lengthening Supplement for Dogs, to Promote Healthy Aging and Longevity 2Telomere Biosciences Announces: TELO-20 for Dogs, the World's First Telomere-Lengthening Supplement for Dogs, to Promote Healthy Aging and Longevity 3OTC Markets Group Congratulates Immune Pharmaceuticals on NASDAQ Listing 2Ontotext Releases Text Mining & Semantic Technology Running in the Cloud – Welcome to “S4? 2Ontotext Releases Text Mining & Semantic Technology Running in the Cloud – Welcome to “S4? 3Ontotext Releases Text Mining & Semantic Technology Running in the Cloud – Welcome to “S4? 4Clintrax Global, Inc. Announces Addition to Executive Team 2
Cached News: