HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Nasal antibiotic ointment reduces infection risk after surgery

In what may be the largest clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents in preventing surgical wound and hospital-based infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, scientists at the University of Iowa and Johns Hopkins found that an antibiotic ointment, called mupirocin (moo-PIE-roe-sin), smeared inside the nose cut infection rates in half or better.

"Our results carry tremendous implications for reducing S. aureus surgical wound and other hospital-based infections, and for preventing illness and saving lives," says Trish Perl, M.D., associate professor of medicine, director of Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control at Hopkins and an author of the study published in the June 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Staphylococcus aureus is a widely distributed germ that normally resides in the nostrils of an estimated 25 to 30 percent of all hospitalized patients without causing harm. But it can contaminate surgical sites, causing severe and often deadly infections, especially in people with weakened immune systems, and contributing millions of dollars yearly to the costs of health care.

In the study, called MARS (for Mupirocin and the Risk of Staphyloccus aureus Infections), the researchers determined the rate of S. aureus surgical wound infections and other hospital-based infections in 4,030 adult patients who underwent various elective surgical procedures at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and the Veteran's Affairs Medical Center in Iowa City. Mupirocin antibiotic ointment, or a placebo, was applied to the inside of the nostrils twice daily for up to five days before surgery. Patients were followed for 30 days after surgery to determine if they acquired S. aureus infections.

While mupirocin ointment, made by GlaxoSmithKline, is highly effective at reducing the rate of S. aureus infections in patients undergoing surgery, as with any antibiotic, there is the risk of widespread r
'"/>

Contact: Trent Stockton
tstockt1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
12-Jun-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Nasal contribution to breathing with exercise: The effect of race and gender
2. Could A Nasal Vaccine Finally Get Rid Of The Black Death?
3. Study Shows Athletes Get No Kick From Nasal Strips
4. Anthrax enzyme images reveal secrets of antibiotic resistance, suggest new drug design
5. Smart antibiotics may result from UCLA research
6. K-State researcher working to improve alternatives to equine antibiotics
7. Bacterial protein recycling factor possible key to new class of antibiotics
8. Bacteria spill their guts to aid researchers in quest for new antibiotics
9. Molecule that blocks key bacterial enzyme may lead to new antibiotics
10. Does antibiotic use contribute to allergies?
11. Tigecycline - Candidate antibiotic produces 74 percent cure rate in cSSSI patients

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2016)... -- First quarter 2016:   , Revenues ... first quarter of 2015 The gross margin was 49% ... and the operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings per ... from operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , Outlook ... 7,000-8,500 M. The operating margin for 2016 is estimated ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... , April 15, 2016 ... "Global Gait Biometrics Market 2016-2020,"  report to their ... ) , ,The global gait biometrics market ... 13.98% during the period 2016-2020. Gait ... which can be used to compute factors that ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... , March 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, ... LegacyXChange "LEGX" and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce ... used in a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes ... originally created collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be ... of the DNA. Bill Bollander , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... Ginkgo Bioworks , a leading organism design company ... as one of the World Economic Forum,s Technology ... companies. Ginkgo Bioworks is engineering biology to manufacture ... the nutrition, health and consumer goods sectors. The ... Fortune 500 companies to design microbes for their ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... While the majority of commercial spectrophotometers and fluorometers use the z-dimension of ... higher end machines that use the more unconventional z-dimension of 20mm. Z-dimension ... of the cuvette holder. , FireflySci has developed several Agilent flow cell product ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Wausau, WI (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 ... ... probiotic supplements, is pleased to announce the launch of their brand, UP4™ Probiotics, ... supplements for over 35 years, is proud to add Target to its list ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- A person commits a crime, and the detective uses ... criminal down. An outbreak of foodborne illness makes ... uses DNA evidence to track down the bacteria that caused ... not. The FDA has increasingly used a complex, cutting-edge technology ... Put as simply as possible, whole genome sequencing is a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: