First identification of four new limonoids that deter leaf-eating pests
Washington, D.C. - Naturally occurring substances that appear to repel a leaf-eating insect pest have been found in the leaves of Spanish cedar trees, according to results of a study by British researchers published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of Natural Products, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.
The researchers, based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, the University of Oxford, and the Natural Resources Institute at the University of Greenwich, say that selecting seedlings with high concentrations of these previously unidentified substances, known as limonoids, may help in the production of plantation-raised Spanish cedars while also reducing the need for synthetic insecticides.
Spanish cedars are hardwood members of the mahogany sub-family and have great economic importance worldwide for their use in buildings and in furniture. Trees such as Spanish cedars are mostly harvested from the wild, but with growing demand for their timber, the need for plantations is increasing. However, the success of plantation-raised trees is seriously constrained by damage from insects such as mahogany webworms and shoot-borers, as well as the insect examined in this study, a weevil known as Exopthalus jekelianus. If plantation-raised timber production does not succeed already endangered primary forests are threatened even further, the scientists note.
"The four compounds we identified are new to science," said Philip C. Stevenson,
Ph.D., natural product chemist at the Jodrell Laboratory of the Royal Botanic
Gardens and the Natural Resources Institute at the University of Greenwich, and
the study's primary coordinator. "As well, our study was the first to examine
Spanish cedar leaves for the particular group of substances (known as
Contact: Mary Stanik
American Chemical Society