HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New hope for preventing major problems of the retina

Bethesda, MD -- The primary function of the retina is to capture light and initiate neural signals. The retina contains the photoreceptors, which are the site of sensory transduction in the visual pathway. Major landmarks in the retina are the fovea and macula, where light has a direct pathway to the receptors. An interruption of the blood supply to these landmarks can lead to age-related macular degeneration and diabetes, the cause of severe visual problems.

Dopamine is an intermediate in tyrosine metabolism and precursor of norepinephrine and epinephrine; it accounts for 90 percent of the catecholamines; its presence in the central nervous system and localization in the basal ganglia (caudate and lentiform nuclei) suggest that dopamine may have other functions. Now a new research study reveals that the body's dopaminergic system plays a role in the regulation of retinal blood flow in the body. In addition, their data presents evidence for the diminishing effect of dopamine on the pathways coupling sensory input to vascular response.

Dopaminergic functions in the eye are complex and affect several ocular tissues. These include transmitter effects and impacts on intraocular (within the eyeball) pressure (IOP) and ocular blood flow. It is known from several tissues that vascular effects of dopamine are not only mediated via specific dopamine receptors but also by influencing other effector pathways like catecholamine receptors, a major responder to stress.

Vascular dopaminergic effects in the eye in past studies have revealed that dopamine antagonists (domperidone and haloperidol) increase ocular blood flow in rabbits. Other dopamine antagonists had similar effects, whereas dopamine agonists did not affect beating ocular blood flow. Dopamine has been investigated extensively in glaucoma research. One previous effort found that D1 agonists (when combined with receptors initiate drug action) increase pressure within the eye, where D1 antagon
'"/>

Contact: Donna Krupa
djkrupa1@aol.com
703-527-7357
American Physiological Society
12-Feb-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Research suggests new avenue for stopping, preventing colon cancer
2. Data show investigational antibiotic safe, effective in preventing travelers diarrhea
3. NIH told regular and moderate exposure to sunlight is the key to preventing chronic disease
4. Study points to new gene therapy tool in preventing epileptic seizures
5. Brain reserve capacity and its role in preventing clinical signs of Alzheimers disease studied
6. Vitamin D may be crucial in preventing colon cancer
7. Conference focuses on practical strategies for preventing and treating obesity
8. Cancer-preventing gene protects against stress and extends life span in worms
9. New protein may play role in preventing malignant change in cells
10. Researchers develop new method for preventing hip dysplasia in dogs
11. Vitamin K intake may be helpful in preventing hip fracture

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New hope for preventing major problems the retina

(Date:7/29/2014)... has received from the National Institutes of Health ... project to support the further development of 23andMe,s ... , Specifically, the grant supports four areas ... to improve the company,s ability to identify novel ... to support the collection of a broader set ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... 1 in 100,000 people characterized by a loss of ... unknown, a new study by a team of researchers at ... and other European institutions confirms for the first time that ... July in Nature Genetics , is an important step ... sphincter in the lower esophagus opens, allowing food to enter ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... of two additional coral communities showing signs of damage from ... the 2010 spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The discovery ... of biology at Penn State University. A paper describing this ... the Gulf of Mexico will be published during the last ... the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):23andMe scientists receive approximately $1.4 million in funding from National Institutes of Health 223andMe scientists receive approximately $1.4 million in funding from National Institutes of Health 3Mysterious esophagus disease is autoimmune after all 2Impact of Deepwater Horizon oil spill on coral is deeper and broader than predicted 2
(Date:7/29/2014)... Second generation biofuels are a viable solution to ... as natural gas is very cheap, this is affecting the ... valuable as they could be in comparison to natural gas. ... made it difficult for renewable energy developers to get the ... For these reasons, certain companies have shifted their focused within ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... , July 29, 2014  Cannabis Science, Inc. ... formulation-based drug development and related consulting, applauds the ... taking a strong position in opposition to current ... 27, 2014 publication.  The New York Times also ... this week exploring the issue called "High Time:  ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... Tenn. (PRWEB) July 29, 2014 ... in biomass feedstock supply innovation and supply chain ... proprietary feedstock management systems, Energy Grangeā„¢ and Supply ... of R&D and in-the-field testing aimed at consolidating ... offering benefits to landowners, farmers and feedstock end ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... 29, 2014 G-CON Manufacturing Inc., the ... today announced a new leadership appointment designed to drive ... and abroad. , Maik Jornitz, Chief Operating Officer ... President charged with leading the pioneering company through its ... this stage of development and look forward to providing ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Renewable Waste Intelligence: Could Renewable Chemicals Be the Future for the Renewable Energy Industry? 2Cannabis Science, Inc. (CBIS) Applauds New York Times Editorial Board Stance on 'Repealing Prohibition, Again'; NYT Editorial Is Bell Weather of Change 2Cannabis Science, Inc. (CBIS) Applauds New York Times Editorial Board Stance on 'Repealing Prohibition, Again'; NYT Editorial Is Bell Weather of Change 3Genera Energy Introduces Proprietary Feedstock Management Systems 2Genera Energy Introduces Proprietary Feedstock Management Systems 3Genera Energy Introduces Proprietary Feedstock Management Systems 4G-CON Manufacturing, Inc. Announces Maik Jornitz as President 2
Cached News: