HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New roles for protein modifications in cell migration

lloprotease) protease, a family of secreted or membrane proteins first identified as components of various snake venoms, where they have hemorrhagic and anti-coagulatory effects. ADAM-family proteases have been implicated in a number of human physiological and pathological processes, including blood coagulation disorders, rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. These proteins act to proteolytically release membrane-bound growth factors or to disrupt components of extracellular matrices such as collagen and proteoglycans (which help to build skin and soft tissue), and their roles in development and differentiation are the focus of interest in many research labs.

Nishiwakifs team analyzed a number of mutations that result in aberrant gonadal phenotypes similar to those seen in mig-17 mutants, including the mutation of the gene that encodes MIG-23. This protein was found to be structurally related to nucleoside diphosphatases (NDPases), glycosylating proteins found in the Golgi apparatus, the intracellular processing center where proteins are modified, sorted and released from the cell. Glycosylation involves the addition of a sugar to a site on a protein chain, a post-translational modification whose roles are incompletely understood, but which is thought to serve a regulatory function in some signaling molecules. On further investigation, MIG-23 mutants showed reductions in NDPase activity. The wild-type MIG-23 protein successfully rescued yeast mutants for NDPase, lending solid support to the case for the NDPase nature of MIG-23.

The similarity between the MIG-23 and MIG-17 phenotypes suggested that the mutation of MIG-23 might result in abnormal MIG-17 glycosylation. Using gel electrophoresis, Nishiwaki and colleagues demonstrated that MIG-17 molecules in MIG-23 mutants had lower than normal molecular weights consistent with the loss of glycosylation, while immunoblotting studies confirmed that in these mutants MIG-17 failed to bind sugars at the normal l
'"/>

Contact: Doug Sipp
sipp@cdb.riken.jp
RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology
25-Dec-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. UT Southwestern scientists prove certain proteins play unexpected roles in genetic transcription
2. New molecular link key to cellular proteins involved in cancer progression, other diseases
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. UCI scientists successfully target key HIV protein; breakthrough may lead to new drug therapies
5. Experimental drug shown to block mutant protein causing blood disease
6. Loss of the neuronal adhesion protein d-catenin leads to severe cognitive dysfunction
7. Images of tail of protein needed for cell multiplication suggest anticancer drug targets
8. New dye directly reveals activated proteins in living cells
9. Disruption of protein-folding causes neurodegeneration, mental retardation
10. A new protein is discovered to play a key role in cancer progression
11. Optimizing proteins death domain halts leukemia in laboratory study

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New roles for protein modifications cell migration

(Date:10/15/2014)... from strains of influenza virus increases with the latest ... complacent that the most substantial threats have been identified, ... arise when a new virus strain – against which ... in the human population. There have been five such ... which – the 1918 Spanish Flu – cost 50 ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... , Oct. 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company focused on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos and ... Times Square on Monday October 13 th . ... David Tunnel and angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi ... CEO of NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their work ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life ... airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important implications ... breathe but to enhance the sense of smell and ... animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, lead ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3
(Date:10/25/2014)... 2014 DuPont Pioneer and Perdue ... than double the acreage contracted for Plenish® high ... soybean crush facility in Salisbury, Md. The high ... target several markets including foodservice and food manufacturers ... , For the 2015 growing season, Perdue Agribusiness ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... October 24, 2014 SonaCare Medical, ... ultrasound (HIFU) technology, announced that its Board of ... Chief Executive Officer, President and member of the ... Carol will take-on expanded responsibilities within the company, ... well as overseeing commercialization, manufacturing and finance. ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... DALLAS and NEW YORK ... Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCQB: ACCPD), formerly Access Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... critical areas, announced it has implemented a 1-for-50 ... the opening of trading on Friday, October 24, ... split-adjusted basis under new CUSIP number 72754H109 and ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... , October 24, 2014 ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/t5t5pd/the_global_market ) has announced the addition of ... Graphene And Other 2-D Nanomaterials "  report ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769) , ,CNTs and graphene are the ... to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than ...
Breaking Biology Technology:DuPont Pioneer, Perdue AgriBusiness Announce Plans to Double Acreage for the 2015 Plenish® High Oleic Soybean Program 2DuPont Pioneer, Perdue AgriBusiness Announce Plans to Double Acreage for the 2015 Plenish® High Oleic Soybean Program 3DuPont Pioneer, Perdue AgriBusiness Announce Plans to Double Acreage for the 2015 Plenish® High Oleic Soybean Program 4SonaCare Medical Board of Directors Appoints Dr. Mark Carol as CEO and President 2SonaCare Medical Board of Directors Appoints Dr. Mark Carol as CEO and President 3PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Reverse Stock Split, Ticker Change and Launches New Corporate Website 2The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Other 2-D Nanomaterials 2The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Other 2-D Nanomaterials 3The Global Market for Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Other 2-D Nanomaterials 4
Cached News: