HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New roles for protein modifications in cell migration

lloprotease) protease, a family of secreted or membrane proteins first identified as components of various snake venoms, where they have hemorrhagic and anti-coagulatory effects. ADAM-family proteases have been implicated in a number of human physiological and pathological processes, including blood coagulation disorders, rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. These proteins act to proteolytically release membrane-bound growth factors or to disrupt components of extracellular matrices such as collagen and proteoglycans (which help to build skin and soft tissue), and their roles in development and differentiation are the focus of interest in many research labs.

Nishiwakifs team analyzed a number of mutations that result in aberrant gonadal phenotypes similar to those seen in mig-17 mutants, including the mutation of the gene that encodes MIG-23. This protein was found to be structurally related to nucleoside diphosphatases (NDPases), glycosylating proteins found in the Golgi apparatus, the intracellular processing center where proteins are modified, sorted and released from the cell. Glycosylation involves the addition of a sugar to a site on a protein chain, a post-translational modification whose roles are incompletely understood, but which is thought to serve a regulatory function in some signaling molecules. On further investigation, MIG-23 mutants showed reductions in NDPase activity. The wild-type MIG-23 protein successfully rescued yeast mutants for NDPase, lending solid support to the case for the NDPase nature of MIG-23.

The similarity between the MIG-23 and MIG-17 phenotypes suggested that the mutation of MIG-23 might result in abnormal MIG-17 glycosylation. Using gel electrophoresis, Nishiwaki and colleagues demonstrated that MIG-17 molecules in MIG-23 mutants had lower than normal molecular weights consistent with the loss of glycosylation, while immunoblotting studies confirmed that in these mutants MIG-17 failed to bind sugars at the normal l
'"/>

Contact: Doug Sipp
sipp@cdb.riken.jp
RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology
25-Dec-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. UT Southwestern scientists prove certain proteins play unexpected roles in genetic transcription
2. New molecular link key to cellular proteins involved in cancer progression, other diseases
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. UCI scientists successfully target key HIV protein; breakthrough may lead to new drug therapies
5. Experimental drug shown to block mutant protein causing blood disease
6. Loss of the neuronal adhesion protein d-catenin leads to severe cognitive dysfunction
7. Images of tail of protein needed for cell multiplication suggest anticancer drug targets
8. New dye directly reveals activated proteins in living cells
9. Disruption of protein-folding causes neurodegeneration, mental retardation
10. A new protein is discovered to play a key role in cancer progression
11. Optimizing proteins death domain halts leukemia in laboratory study

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New roles for protein modifications cell migration

(Date:7/29/2014)... from scientists at the University of Kent has shown ... are regulated a breakthrough that could have a ... from Kent,s School of Biosciences uncovered the mechanism whereby ... known as actin filaments are ,fine-tuned, to ... filaments appear to completely stable, providing a framework for ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... affects 1 in 100,000 people characterized by a loss ... remains unknown, a new study by a team of researchers ... Germany and other European institutions confirms for the first time ... 6 July in Nature Genetics , is an important ... a sphincter in the lower esophagus opens, allowing food to ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Amundsen reached the South Pole in 1911, but new ... any human. , Using data from 16 ice cores ... including the South Pole, a group led by Joe ... Nevada, created the most accurate and precise reconstruction to ... new record, described in an article published today in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Mysterious esophagus disease is autoimmune after all 2Lead pollution beat explorers to South Pole, persists today 2Lead pollution beat explorers to South Pole, persists today 3
(Date:7/29/2014)... , July 29, 2014 ... surgical equipment market (types, applications and geography) - Size, ... Report, Opportunities, Segmentation and Forecast, 2013 - 2020", suggests ... reach $12.1 billion by 2020 registering a CAGR of ... the breakthrough achieved by the electro surgical devices in ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... Hershey, PA & Rockville, MD (PRWEB) July 29, ... Immunomic Therapeutics, Inc. (ITI), a vaccine pioneer in ... the financial services firm Newport Coast Securities, Inc. ... , ITI is commercializing LAMP-vax technology, a breakthrough ... $25B+ vaccines and immunotherapy market. The company exclusively ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... DisasterTalk is a texting app which allows ... masts or other transmitters are down. The app can transmit ... the need for any Wi-Fi, and can also use a ... app has launched as a housing report finds ... risk of being affected by natural disasters. With the risk ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... California (PRWEB) July 29, 2014 The ... is a next generation approach to robotics. What sets ... is patent pending technology that allows them to communicate, ... all wirelessly over the internet. , “The invention is ... giving the little Droidles a life of their own, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Surgical Equipment Market is expected to reach $12.1 billion by 2020 - Allied Market Research 2Global Surgical Equipment Market is expected to reach $12.1 billion by 2020 - Allied Market Research 3Immunomic Therapeutics Engages Newport Coast Securities, Inc. 2Immunomic Therapeutics Engages Newport Coast Securities, Inc. 3DisasterTalk App Could Save Lives as Report Reveals 8% of US Homes at Very High Risk of Natural Disaster 2Droidles, the Social Network of Robots and Open Source Platform for the Internet of Things, Launches for Crowd Funding on IndieGoGo.com 2
Cached News: