HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New study suggests missing link that explains how dinosaurs learned to fly

Arlington, Va.-- Two-legged dinosaurs may have used their forelimbs as wing-like structures to propel themselves rapidly up steep inclines long before they took to the skies, reports a University of Montana researcher in the January 17 issue of the journal Science. The new theory adds a middle step that may link two current and opposing explanations for how reptiles evolved into flying birds.

According to Kenneth Dial, author of the report, the transition from ground travel to flight may have required a "ramp-up" phase in which rapid movement of the animals' front appendages actually forced its body downward to gain more foot traction as it made its way up increasingly vertical slopes.

"The big dilemma has been, 'How do you explain the partial wing?,'" says Dial, who is a professor of vertebrate morphology and ecology. "It turns out the proto-wings--precursors to wings birds have today--actually acted more like a spoiler on the back of a race car to keep the animal sure-footed even while climbing up nearly vertical surfaces," he said.

"The development and role of movement in animals is critical to every aspect of their lives, " says William Zamer of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the agency that funded the study. "The results may also one day help humans design better vehicles for both land and air travel."

NSF is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education in all fields of science and engineering.

The evolution of flying vertebrates has been a bone of contention since the 1800's. One school, which embraced the cursorial theory, argued that two-legged, ground-dwelling animals developed feathered wings that allowed them to become airborne. The opposing school, which favored the arboreal theory, held that flight originated in tree-dwelling animals that leapt from limb to limb and eventually developed gliding structures to soften their landings. For a century-and-a-half, each ca
'"/>

Contact: Leslie Fink
lfink@nsf.gov
703-292-8070
National Science Foundation
16-Jan-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Student science contest participation influences study, career choices, alumni say
2. New study shows hope for treating inhalant abuse
3. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
4. Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cells chromosomes, Pitt study finds
5. New study indicates arsenic could be suitable as first-line treatment in type of leukaemia
6. Phase II trials of second-generation antisense cancer drug planned following successful early study
7. Preclinical safety study shows adipose-derived stem cells improve heart function after heart attack
8. Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
9. K-State, other universities to study how climate affects plant evolution
10. USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
11. Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process

Post Your Comments:
(Date:1/22/2015)... Jan. 21, 2015  Analyst Report Issued by Small Cap IR. ... showed that planet-wide, transactions at merchants on the leading payment ... number of credit, debit, and prepaid cards reached 6.54 billion.  ... of fraudulent card usage in 2012, and credit and debit ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/wxdglm/global_wearable ) ... Wearable Technologies Market and Applications, Opportunities, Industry Analysis, ... 2014-2020" report to their offering. , ... can be worn on the user,s body and ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... has launched its new NXG series of time clocks with ... higher standard for collecting attendance and labor data and complements ... touch screen interface and seamless connection to cloud-based iSolved, the ... for the small to mid-size employer. The G2 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):$4.80 Near Term Price Target with "Buy" given by CapRock Research for NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD) issued by Small Cap IR 2Global Wearable Technologies Market and Applications, Opportunities, Industry Analysis, Segmentation, Size, Growth, Share, Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020 2Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2
(Date:2/27/2015)... Calif. , Feb. 27, 2015  Steep Hill, ... the US and internationally, intends to open a full ... Albuquerque, New Mexico , bringing advanced scientific tools ... cannabis. Steep Hill is currently the only ... to conduct potency and contaminant testing in order to ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... YORK , Feb. 26, 2015 S&P ... Factual Stock Report coverage on MabVax Therapeutics Holdings ... (MBVX) is a clinical stage biotechnology company focused on ... unmet medical needs in the treatment of cancer. MabVax ... based on the protective immune responses generated by patients ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... , Feb. 26, 2015  23andMe, the leading ... Kate Black as Privacy Officer and Corporate Counsel. ... state privacy laws as well as health care regulations. ... she will be responsible for reviewing, updating and enhancing ... the U.S. and abroad. She joined the company January ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... Feb. 26, 2015   Synageva BioPharma Corp. ... company developing therapeutic products for rare disorders, today ... 2015 goals, other key objectives, and financial guidance.  ... today at 4:30 p.m. EST to review the ... To participate in today,s call by telephone, please ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Steep Hill First to Receive Provisional Approval to Establish Laboratory Services for Cannabis Testing in State of New Mexico 2S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on MabVax Therapeutics Holdings Inc. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 2S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on MabVax Therapeutics Holdings Inc. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 3S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on MabVax Therapeutics Holdings Inc. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 4S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on MabVax Therapeutics Holdings Inc. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 523andMe Appoints Kate Black as Privacy Officer and Corporate Counsel 2Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 2Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 3Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 4Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 5Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 6Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 7Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 8Synageva BioPharma Reports 2014 Full Year Financial Results 9
Cached News: