HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Newly Discovered Gene Halts Cell Division and May Have Cancer Link

ntial role in the cell cycle, Dr. Benezra says. After a cell's DNA is copied, each pair of the duplicated chromosomes is bound together at structures, called centromeres, that fit around each chromosome like a napkin ring. In order for a cell to divide, thread-like fibers must attach to each centromere and pull the chromosomes apart. That's where the MAD2 gene comes in.

The research suggests that MAD2 produces a protein that sits at the centromere of each chromosome and waits for the thread-like fibers to attach. If the fibers attach properly, cell division proceeds and each new cell gets a complete copy of the genetic blueprint of the original cell. But if the fibers fail to anchor to one of the centromeres, the corresponding chromosome pair can't separate normally and MAD2 puts the brakes on cell division.

Dr. Benezra speculates that MAD2 is only one of several genes involved in triggering this cell division checkpoint. In yeast, for example, six genes are known to exert their control over the checkpoint. Dr. Benezra, whose team discovered the MAD2 gene by accident, also is investigating a second human gene suspected of being involved in the checkpoint.

The new research may help to improve future treatment options for cancer patients. In the study, the researchers identified a human breast tumor cell line that is sensitive to the cancer drugs taxol and nocodazole. The drugs, called spindle inhibitors, block the formation of the thread-like fibers that pull chromosomes apart during cell division.

After the researchers treated the breast tumor cell line with nocodazole, the cells continued to undergo cell division, which suggests the cells may be defective in the checkpoint. When the investigators looked further, they confirmed their suspicion -- the cell line had low levels of MAD2 expression compared to control cells that were resistant to both drugs.

The drugs may be especially effective in the treatment of tumors with a defective checkpoint,
'"/>

Contact: Chris Westerman
westermac@mskcc.org
212-639-3576
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
11-Oct-1996


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Newly identified master gene key in babys first breath
2. Newly discovered protein may be key to muscular dystrophy
3. Newly designed nanoparticle quantum dots simultaneously target and image prostate tumors in mice
4. Newly grown kidneys can sustain life in rats
5. Newly discovered gene controls levels of bad cholesterol in mice
6. Newly identified gene linked to brain development
7. Newly cloned gene key to global adaptation of wheat
8. Newly identified genes may help predict outcome in childhood leukemia
9. Newly identified gene may halt fuzzy, moldy fruit
10. Newly found gene resistant to economically crippling wheat disease
11. Newly invented Endometrial Function Test (EFT®) solves the puzzle of unexplained infertility

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/24/2017)... 24, 2017 Janice Kephart , ... Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) , today issues ... President Trump,s March 6, 2017 Executive Order: ... vetting can be instilled with greater confidence, enabling ... all refugee applications are suspended by until at ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... -- Socionext Inc., a global expert in SoC-based imaging and computing solutions, ... which features the company,s hybrid codec technology. A demonstration utilizing TeraFaces ... will be showcased during the upcoming Medtec Japan at Tokyo Big ... Las Vegas Convention Center April 24-27. ... Click here for an image of ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... 2017 UBM,s Advanced Design and Manufacturing event ... emerging and evolving technology through its 3D Printing and ... alongside the expo portion of the event and feature ... focused on trending topics within 3D printing and smart ... event will take place June 13-15, 2017 at the Jacob ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... Ovation ... infertility as a disease, bringing new hope for prospective parents who are challenged ... meeting to back the World Health Organization’s designation in hopes of changing the ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... , ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... announced the release of Limfinity® version 6.5, a content-packed update to the Limfinity® ... to gain a larger and more diverse base of customers among labs and ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... Iowa (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... chance to immediately determine the adulterants which pose the most likely threat to ... - 28 of this year. , IFT's annual food expo attracts over ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... therapeutics from millions-diverse immune repertoires, announces launch of its new Surge(TM) Discovery ... Johnson, PhD, CEO of GigaGen, will present on Surge at the conference. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: