HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Newly Discovered Gene Halts Cell Division and May Have Cancer Link

ntial role in the cell cycle, Dr. Benezra says. After a cell's DNA is copied, each pair of the duplicated chromosomes is bound together at structures, called centromeres, that fit around each chromosome like a napkin ring. In order for a cell to divide, thread-like fibers must attach to each centromere and pull the chromosomes apart. That's where the MAD2 gene comes in.

The research suggests that MAD2 produces a protein that sits at the centromere of each chromosome and waits for the thread-like fibers to attach. If the fibers attach properly, cell division proceeds and each new cell gets a complete copy of the genetic blueprint of the original cell. But if the fibers fail to anchor to one of the centromeres, the corresponding chromosome pair can't separate normally and MAD2 puts the brakes on cell division.

Dr. Benezra speculates that MAD2 is only one of several genes involved in triggering this cell division checkpoint. In yeast, for example, six genes are known to exert their control over the checkpoint. Dr. Benezra, whose team discovered the MAD2 gene by accident, also is investigating a second human gene suspected of being involved in the checkpoint.

The new research may help to improve future treatment options for cancer patients. In the study, the researchers identified a human breast tumor cell line that is sensitive to the cancer drugs taxol and nocodazole. The drugs, called spindle inhibitors, block the formation of the thread-like fibers that pull chromosomes apart during cell division.

After the researchers treated the breast tumor cell line with nocodazole, the cells continued to undergo cell division, which suggests the cells may be defective in the checkpoint. When the investigators looked further, they confirmed their suspicion -- the cell line had low levels of MAD2 expression compared to control cells that were resistant to both drugs.

The drugs may be especially effective in the treatment of tumors with a defective checkpoint,
'"/>

Contact: Chris Westerman
westermac@mskcc.org
212-639-3576
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
11-Oct-1996


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Newly identified master gene key in babys first breath
2. Newly discovered protein may be key to muscular dystrophy
3. Newly designed nanoparticle quantum dots simultaneously target and image prostate tumors in mice
4. Newly grown kidneys can sustain life in rats
5. Newly discovered gene controls levels of bad cholesterol in mice
6. Newly identified gene linked to brain development
7. Newly cloned gene key to global adaptation of wheat
8. Newly identified genes may help predict outcome in childhood leukemia
9. Newly identified gene may halt fuzzy, moldy fruit
10. Newly found gene resistant to economically crippling wheat disease
11. Newly invented Endometrial Function Test (EFT®) solves the puzzle of unexplained infertility

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Newly Discovered Gene Halts Cell Division and May Have Cancer Link

(Date:12/10/2014)... Dec. 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today ... its School of Medicine. Funding for this $50 million ... that will be publicly launched next summer. ... the former 60 series R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company complex, ... will begin immediately with plans to be ready to ...
(Date:12/5/2014)... -- Tute Genomics, a leader in cloud-based solutions for genome ... led by UK-based Eurovestech. Peak Ventures and a number ... "We are at a pivotal time in ... seeks new approaches for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention ... and CEO of Tute Genomics. "One of the main ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... -- Earlier this year Donald Spector , Chairman of ... the most prolific inventors in the world, got a ... to third party agencies. Spector envisioned this technology even ... earliest known patents in this area. Now major technology ... care, elder care and hospital applications. This technology has ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4Tute Genomics Raises $2.3 Million to Scale Up Cloud-Based Genome Analytics and Accelerate Personalized Medicine 2Tute Genomics Raises $2.3 Million to Scale Up Cloud-Based Genome Analytics and Accelerate Personalized Medicine 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 2Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 3Patented Biosensor Wearable Technology Provides a More Civilized Method of Quarantine 4
(Date:12/19/2014)... 18, 2014  Decision Resources Group finds that the ... will grow moderately through 2023 as the aging population, ... of dental biomaterials all spur procedure volumes. Growth will ... China and India ... within reach for a larger proportion of the population. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 18, 2014   ISN has released its ... Indicators publication series. With data aggregated from ... in 2013 within its online contractor management platform, ISNetworld, ... performance indicator (KPI) statistics. The ... publication is available in two industry specific volumes: ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... New York, NY (PRWEB) December 16, 2014 ... undergone significant changes since 2013, which is why IBISWorld ... one, this industry continues to benefit from an intensified ... 2014, the proposal for new emission standards for power ... affected industry operators. According to IBISWorld Industry Analyst Sarah ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Bellingham, Washington, USA (PRWEB) December 16, 2014 ... Kirstin Baum, manager at Philipps- Universität Marburg’s Department ... optics and photonics, in the newly released ... 2015-2016. “And never be too shy to ask ... STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) occupations ranging ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 3ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 3Network, Multitask, Persevere: SPIE Women in Optics Planner Subjects Share from Experience 2Network, Multitask, Persevere: SPIE Women in Optics Planner Subjects Share from Experience 3
Cached News: