Novel IBD therapeutic approaches reported from Washington Univ., Barcelona, LSU at APS meeting

Snowmass, Co. (September 9, 2004) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, comprised of Crohn's Disease and ulcerative colitis, are for the most part incurable and their causes are still unknown. About 1 million Americans suffer from IBD and research around the world on new therapeutic strategies against IBD is being reported at a conference sponsored by the American Physiological Society.

Below are reports on three presentations.

  • Anti-adhesion therapy in the treatment of IBD Julian Panes and Josep M. Pique of the Gastroenterology Department of the Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Spain, note that the localization for leukocytes to inflammatory areas has key implications in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of IBD. A major effort has been directed toward identifying and characterizing the adhesion glycoproteins that enable leukocytes to bind to vascular endothelial cells. Drugs that specifically target adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte recruitment are effective in treating intestinal inflammation.

    They said that experimental models have shown that blockade of VLA-4, VCAM-1 and P-selectin afford significant amelioration of intestinal inflammation. In experimental models, response to adhesion molecule blockage varies according to the type of inflammatory intestinal condition. In humans VLA-4 immunoneutralization has been effective in inducing remission in Crohn's Disease, but no data is available for ulcerative colitis.

    The researchers call for experimental and clinical controlled trials comparing the effectiveness of different strategies of CAM blockade, and suggest that this therapeutic approach be compared with current therapies.

  • Platelet recruitment in intestinal inflammation modulated by ICAM-1, P-selectin, PSGL-1

    Researchers from LSU and the University of Muenster studied the mechanisms responsible for platelet-WBC and platelet-endothelial cell (EC) interactions that occur in exper

  • Contact: Mayer Resnick
    American Physiological Society

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