HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
OHSU researchers discover molecular signaling system controlling aspects of embryonic development

al destiny, specifying the organ or tissue they will ultimately become. While scientists have long known that signals exchanged between cells control this process, little is known about the intricacies of these developmental systems.

This research showed that the Jeb protein controls the choice of certain embryonic cells between two fates. The cells that receive the Jeb signal become "founder cells" that function as pioneers to organize the development of smooth muscle. Cells that do not get the Jeb signal become "fusion cells" that attach to and fuse with founder cells to augment muscle mass.

This work established the essential signaling role of the Jeb protein. However, the identity of the molecular "Jeb-sensor" remained unknown. Finding this receptor was crucial to provide the complete molecular foundation needed for developing new drugs.

"Receptor and signal pairs are ideal targets for medicines because this is where human biology gets very specific. Identifying the players allows us to design drugs targeted at a precise molecular interaction. These types of drugs tend to have the maximum therapeutic impact with the fewest side effects," said Weiss.

Previous independent studies had identified a cell-surface receptor protein called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Alk) in the late 1990s. All that was known about human Alk was that it could cause lymphoma if abnormally regulated; its normal function had not been determined.

After initial publication of Weiss's research on Jeb, scientists at New York's Mt. Sinai School of Medicine observed that the published expressions of Alk and Jeb appeared compatible and hypothesized that Jeb could be the protein that activates the Alk receptor. Subsequent collaborative studies between OHSU and Mt. Sinai researchers in fruit flies confirmed this hypothesis.

In addition to identifying a central signaling pathway for smooth muscle development, these collaborative results have expand
'"/>

Contact: Christine Pashley
pashleyc@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University
28-Oct-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Belgian researchers explore revolutionary approach to angiogenesis
2. Award winning researchers reveal potential new role for Glivec
3. $7.5 Million grant to Yale researchers for role of viruses in cancer
4. New anti-inflammatory strategy for cancer therapy identified by UCSD researchers
5. Joslin researchers clarify mechanisms for beta-cell formation
6. Virginia Tech researchers to release findings on Smith River Project
7. Molecular motor myosin VI moves hand over hand, researchers say
8. ASU researchers demonstrate new technique that improves the power of atomic force micrscopy
9. Emory researchers map structure of anti-cancer molecule
10. Leukemia stem cells identified by Stanford researchers
11. EURYI Award given for the first time to 25 young European researchers

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 19, 2017 Sensory Inc ... and security for consumer electronics, and i ... systems and cybersecurity solutions, today announced a global ... financial institutions worldwide to bolster security of data ... secure user authentication platforms they offer, innerCore now ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... WASHINGTON, N.Y. , Jan. 13, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... of technology solutions for the homecare industry, including ... of homecare industry expert, Justin Jugs, as Senior ... brings more than 15 years of homecare experience ... team in developing strategic plans to align Sandata,s ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... Oregon and PUNE, India , January 12, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... Market: Opportunities and Forecasts, 2015 - 2022," projects that the global biometric technology market ... of 19.4% from 2016 to 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... Vortex ... , a fully automated benchtop system for collecting intact circulating tumor cells (CTCs) ... at the Molecular Medicine Tri Conference (Tri-Con) Annual Meeting 2017 (February 19–24 San ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... that Dr. Trevor Heritage has joined its executive team to lead the development ... to provide insights to help improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... pair its $200M operational capacity with its strategic internal leadership to provide ... affecting quality and operational management. With office locations in North Carolina, ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... creating transformative design and manufacturing solutions for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) , today ... 2017 marks Creation Technologies’ third consecutive year winning in its category of electronics ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: