HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
OHSU team discovers compound that lacks estrogen's risks

and Rnnekleiv.

STX appears to act by stimulating a novel estrogen receptor, located in the cell membrane, that activates proteins involved in rapid cell signaling. In this way, it avoids the uterus and breasts, whose growth is stimulated by estrogen through a different pathway, leading to increased cancer risk.

The hypothalamus "controls all autonomic functions and maintains homeostasis eating, drinking, sex behavior, maternal and even paternal behavior," Kelly said. In particular, hypothalamic POMC neurons, which are especially sensitive to STX, "are what activate the natural reward pathways. This is the brain's endogenous opiate system."

Having a selective estrogen trigger for rapid signaling is critical for estrogen replacement therapy, Kelly said. STX is structurally distinct from tamoxifen and raloxifene, and it's about 10 times more potent than estrogen and has the potential to be more effective at maintaining cognitive performance of postmenopausal women.

"Women that don't have hormone replacement therapy have been known to have more cognitive impairment in terms of loss of memory, and a higher incidence of Alzheimer's disease," Kelly said. "At least at the basic level, existing SERMs do not seem to help. So the search was on for other compounds one can use to replace tamoxifen. The collaboration with Dr. Scanlan at UCSF made it possible to synthesize and test a series of related compounds before we came up with STX."

Despite the discovery of STX, Rnnekleiv stopped short of rejecting estrogen as an effective therapy, saying its many benefits far outweigh the risks that studies have yet to unequivocally demonstrate.

"Estrogen definitely has neuroprotective effects in the brain," Rnnekleiv said. "At least in animal models, it's been shown that estrogen can reduce neuronal cell death from stroke. One of the other important actions of estrogen is to prevent osteoporosis."

Kelly's and Rnnekle
'"/>

Contact: Jonathan Modie
modiej@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University
30-Dec-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. LSU researcher discovers new bird
2. MIT team discovers memory mechanism
3. SMCM professor discovers cattle hormones that leak into streams and alter fish reproduction
4. UBC researcher discovers control room that regulates immune responses
5. UC Santa Barbara discovers cell survival gene may lead to treatments for degenerative diseases
6. Brain patterns the same whether doing or just watching, Queens researcher discovers
7. Study discovers key to baby-like skin
8. Rutgers researcher discovers melanoma causing gene
9. UI study discovers cells segregate molecules to control signaling
10. Polluted beach closures influenced by full moons and sunlight, surfer-engineer discovers
11. University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute discovers proteins linked to colon cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: OHSU team discovers compound that lacks estrogen risks

(Date:8/28/2014)... handful of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory bowel ... using patients, own intestinal immune responses as a guide. ... journal Cell . , Trillions of bacteria exist ... role in the development and progression of IBD. Yet ... species affect a person,s susceptibility to IBD and its ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... and his collaborators have developed an online analytic tool ... re-engineering cells for biomedical investigation. CellNet is a free-use ... stem cell engineering. Details of CellNet and its application ... papers in the journal Cell . , "This ... all types of cell-based investigations and can potentially offer ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014  Privacy Advocate and Senior Staff Attorney ... , joins the lineup of biometric and mobile commerce ... UnPlugged Executive Summit in Tampa, Florida ... announced speakers include Steven Rahman, Director, Technology and Strategy at ... Experian. The theme of this year,s event is Mobility ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD 2New tool aids stem cell engineering for medical research 2Biometrics UnPlugged Welcomes the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Jennifer Lynch to the Mobility at the Crossroads of Commerce and Privacy Summit 2
(Date:8/27/2014)... City, Utah (PRWEB) August 27, 2014 ... that will expand its current Salt Lake City manufacturing ... underway outside of Utah to ultimately create 1,000 new ... 20 years. , “Utah is home to hardworking ... whom can be credited with Varian’s success in the ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... Aug. 27, 2014 Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company ... deficiencies that result in metabolic disorders, announced today that ... with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) relating ... its common stock. The number of shares to be ... not yet been determined. Citigroup and Cowen ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... 2014 Reportlinker.com announces that a ... its catalogue: Global Biodegradable Packaging ... http://www.reportlinker.com/p02316661/Global-Biodegradable-Packaging-Materials-Market-2014-2018.html About Biodegradable Packaging ... readily decomposed by the action of microorganisms. ... in terms of raw materials, production technology, ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... mysteries is how plants survive impact by the ... rays, while using this energy for photosynthesis. The ... plant,s blades quickly dissipate the energy throughout the ... at DTU Physics have now managed to successfully ... bacteria contain light-absorbing proteins which play a role ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Varian Medical Systems Groundbreaking on Facility Expansion Triggers Influx of New Jobs to Salt Lake 2Varian Medical Systems Groundbreaking on Facility Expansion Triggers Influx of New Jobs to Salt Lake 3Rhythm Files Registration Statement for Proposed Initial Public Offering 2Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 2Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 3Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 4Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 5Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 6Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 7DTU researchers film protein quake for the first time 2
Cached News: