HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
OHSU team discovers compound that lacks estrogen's risks

and Rnnekleiv.

STX appears to act by stimulating a novel estrogen receptor, located in the cell membrane, that activates proteins involved in rapid cell signaling. In this way, it avoids the uterus and breasts, whose growth is stimulated by estrogen through a different pathway, leading to increased cancer risk.

The hypothalamus "controls all autonomic functions and maintains homeostasis eating, drinking, sex behavior, maternal and even paternal behavior," Kelly said. In particular, hypothalamic POMC neurons, which are especially sensitive to STX, "are what activate the natural reward pathways. This is the brain's endogenous opiate system."

Having a selective estrogen trigger for rapid signaling is critical for estrogen replacement therapy, Kelly said. STX is structurally distinct from tamoxifen and raloxifene, and it's about 10 times more potent than estrogen and has the potential to be more effective at maintaining cognitive performance of postmenopausal women.

"Women that don't have hormone replacement therapy have been known to have more cognitive impairment in terms of loss of memory, and a higher incidence of Alzheimer's disease," Kelly said. "At least at the basic level, existing SERMs do not seem to help. So the search was on for other compounds one can use to replace tamoxifen. The collaboration with Dr. Scanlan at UCSF made it possible to synthesize and test a series of related compounds before we came up with STX."

Despite the discovery of STX, Rnnekleiv stopped short of rejecting estrogen as an effective therapy, saying its many benefits far outweigh the risks that studies have yet to unequivocally demonstrate.

"Estrogen definitely has neuroprotective effects in the brain," Rnnekleiv said. "At least in animal models, it's been shown that estrogen can reduce neuronal cell death from stroke. One of the other important actions of estrogen is to prevent osteoporosis."

Kelly's and Rnnekle
'"/>

Contact: Jonathan Modie
modiej@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University
30-Dec-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. LSU researcher discovers new bird
2. MIT team discovers memory mechanism
3. SMCM professor discovers cattle hormones that leak into streams and alter fish reproduction
4. UBC researcher discovers control room that regulates immune responses
5. UC Santa Barbara discovers cell survival gene may lead to treatments for degenerative diseases
6. Brain patterns the same whether doing or just watching, Queens researcher discovers
7. Study discovers key to baby-like skin
8. Rutgers researcher discovers melanoma causing gene
9. UI study discovers cells segregate molecules to control signaling
10. Polluted beach closures influenced by full moons and sunlight, surfer-engineer discovers
11. University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute discovers proteins linked to colon cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/22/2016)... PROVO and SANDY, Utah ... (NSO), which operates the highest sample volume laboratory in ... Tute Genomics and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical sequencing informatics ... the launch of a project to establish the informatics ... NSO has been contracted by the ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... 18, 2016 --> ... ICT, Manned & Unmanned Vehicles, Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance ... in the border security market and the continuing migration crisis ... Europe has led visiongain to publish this ... --> defence & security companies in the ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... ALBANY, New York , March 15, 2016 ... a new market report published by Transparency Market Research "Digital ... Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 - 2023," the global digital ... at US$ 731.9 Mn in 2014 and is forecast to ... to 2023. Growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Founder of ... board-certified in surgery and surgery of the hand by the National Board of ... to going above and beyond in his pursuit of providing the most comprehensive, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... WEDI, the nation’s leading authority on ... that Charles W. Stellar has been named by the WEDI Board of Directors as ... As an executive leader with more than 35 years of experience in healthcare, association ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) that ... wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI faculty ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Maryland (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... of a newly re-branded identity. The new Media Cybernetics corporate branding reflects a ... world of imaging and image analysis. The re-branding components include a crisp, refreshed ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: