HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Overlapping genetic and archaeological evidence suggests neolithic migration

> Genetics can answer the question in a roundabout way. Human DNA sequences today may shed light on our ancestors because some portions of the human genome change very slowly. One of these is the Y chromosome. Women carry two X chromosomes, while men have one X and one Y. The X and Y cannot exchange DNA like the 22 pairs of non-sex chromosomes in humans or the paired X chromosomes in women. As a result, a man should have a carbon copy of the Y chromosome of his father, grandfather and so on. But sometimes a harmless mutation, a misspelling in the genetic code, occurs. The mutation will be passed on to all the man's male descendants. If millions of men have the same mutation, then they all share a distant paternal ancestor.

Underhill studies pairs of mutations on the Y chromosome in current populations. He combines data about the geographic distribution of the mutations with information about when the mutations arose to trace historical migrations.

While reading a previous paper on Y-chromosome mutations in Science that Underhill co-authored, King thought the geographic distribution of some pairs of mutations paralleled that of Neolithic decorative ceramics. King, a psychiatrist with a PhD in mathematics and a deep interest in art history, called Underhill and suggested they compare the two sets of data.

Critics argue that the contemporary gene pool does not reflect what happened thousands of years ago because people have moved around too much since then. Many also see genetics as an entirely separate line of investigation from archaeological work. Researchers had compared genetic studies to language evolution, but no one had attempted to link genetics and material culture. Underhill agreed to undertake the analysis with King.

The Science paper Underhill co-authored described the Y chromosomes of more than 1,000 men in 25 different Middle Eastern and European geographic regions. They found th
'"/>

Contact: Ruthann Richter
richter1@stanford.edu
650-725-8047
Stanford University Medical Center
10-Sep-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Rare childhood genetic syndrome identified
3. New research shows plants can shuffle and paste gene pieces to generate genetic diversity
4. Scientists decipher genetic code of biothreat pathogen
5. Chemical genetics identifies SARS inhibitors
6. 22nd amino acid synthesized and added to genetic code of e. coli bacteria
7. The impact of genetic variations on the treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis
8. Adaptive changes in the genome may provide insight into the genetics of complex disease
9. New genetic hypothesis for the cause of autism
10. Fossils reveal direct link between global warming and genetic diversity in wildlife
11. A genetic disorder yields insight into genes and cognition

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/16/2014)... Sometimes known as Kennedy,s disease, spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy ... progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. Researchers have long considered it ... the cells in the spinal cord and brainstem that control ... the April 16, 2014 online issue of Neuron , ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... store memories improves during childhood, associated with structural changes ... parietal cortices. New research from UC Davis is exploring ... Eventually, that could give insights into disorders that typically ... affect memory, such as schizophrenia and depression. , Located ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Ohio (April 16, 2014)A new study from the Women,s ... D levels and menopause symptoms. The study was published ... The North American Menopause Society., The authors analyzed the ... a number of menopause symptoms, including hot flashes, night ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Mutant protein in muscle linked to neuromuscular disorder 2How kids' brain structures grow as memory develops 2Low Vitamin D may not be a culprit in menopause symptoms 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... Two champions of science, technology, engineering, and ... annual competition for middle and high school students designed ... study. The competition presents students with real-world problems experienced ... Mathematics, and Sciences is a program administered by ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Freeslate, Inc ., the leading provider of ... one of India’s top five pharmaceutical companies, has received ... for high throughput solid form screening. , Lupin, ... range of quality, affordable generic and branded formulations and ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services have ... at 2pm EST (11am PST), “Natural Language Processing: Converting ... how technology can turn raw, heterogeneous data into actionable ... The online webinar will last approximately one hour. , ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 EquitiesIQ, a ... Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua is an emerging biomedical company ... the wound care market. , Free report download: ... with a seasoned management team and Board, which launched ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 2Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 4Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 5Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 2Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 3Webcast - Natural Language Processing: Converting Raw Data into Actionable Knowledge – Hosted by Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
Cached News: