HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Overlapping genetic and archaeological evidence suggests neolithic migration

> Genetics can answer the question in a roundabout way. Human DNA sequences today may shed light on our ancestors because some portions of the human genome change very slowly. One of these is the Y chromosome. Women carry two X chromosomes, while men have one X and one Y. The X and Y cannot exchange DNA like the 22 pairs of non-sex chromosomes in humans or the paired X chromosomes in women. As a result, a man should have a carbon copy of the Y chromosome of his father, grandfather and so on. But sometimes a harmless mutation, a misspelling in the genetic code, occurs. The mutation will be passed on to all the man's male descendants. If millions of men have the same mutation, then they all share a distant paternal ancestor.

Underhill studies pairs of mutations on the Y chromosome in current populations. He combines data about the geographic distribution of the mutations with information about when the mutations arose to trace historical migrations.

While reading a previous paper on Y-chromosome mutations in Science that Underhill co-authored, King thought the geographic distribution of some pairs of mutations paralleled that of Neolithic decorative ceramics. King, a psychiatrist with a PhD in mathematics and a deep interest in art history, called Underhill and suggested they compare the two sets of data.

Critics argue that the contemporary gene pool does not reflect what happened thousands of years ago because people have moved around too much since then. Many also see genetics as an entirely separate line of investigation from archaeological work. Researchers had compared genetic studies to language evolution, but no one had attempted to link genetics and material culture. Underhill agreed to undertake the analysis with King.

The Science paper Underhill co-authored described the Y chromosomes of more than 1,000 men in 25 different Middle Eastern and European geographic regions. They found th
'"/>

Contact: Ruthann Richter
richter1@stanford.edu
650-725-8047
Stanford University Medical Center
10-Sep-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Rare childhood genetic syndrome identified
3. New research shows plants can shuffle and paste gene pieces to generate genetic diversity
4. Scientists decipher genetic code of biothreat pathogen
5. Chemical genetics identifies SARS inhibitors
6. 22nd amino acid synthesized and added to genetic code of e. coli bacteria
7. The impact of genetic variations on the treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis
8. Adaptive changes in the genome may provide insight into the genetics of complex disease
9. New genetic hypothesis for the cause of autism
10. Fossils reveal direct link between global warming and genetic diversity in wildlife
11. A genetic disorder yields insight into genes and cognition

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/15/2014)... have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female ... hormone estrogen. , Females are naturally more resistant to ... scientists has shown that increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia ... oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). They also show that this ... female sex hormone estrogen. , The team, lead by ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... shows SIRT6—a protein known to inhibit the growth ... skin cancers by turning on an enzyme that increases ... Previously considered protective, SIRT6 is part of a family ... stability and prevent some of the genetic flaws associated ... lead to cancer. This study, in the journal,s October ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... oil supplements, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, do not reduce ... the heart can beat as fast as 150 beats a ... Montreal Heart Institute were published in the Journal of ... For the trial, 337 patients with atrial fibrillation not receiving ... fish oil a day or to placebo for up to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2
(Date:10/20/2014)... Inc. (TSXV: BRM) ("Biorem" or "the Company") today announced four new ... and provides a good start to Q4.  The orders are for ... and one in the Middle East . ... Peter Bruijns , President & CEO. "Total bidding activity and ... have been for any complete year since the company has tracked ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 OncLive® ... Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University has joined ... the Strategic Alliance Partnership program, the Sidney Kimmel ... to raise awareness of the Center’s cutting-edge research ... projects. Clinicians and other health care professionals from ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... OCTOBER 20-22, 2014: The 9th Annual ... take place at the Congress Center Basel, ... now available at http://www.abim.ch . ... from all over the globe will exchange ... products and developments on the world market. ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market report defines and segments the ... of revenue. This market is estimated to grow from ... at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 23.9% ... of the Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market report to get ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation in the market, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4
Cached News: