HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Overlapping genetic and archaeological evidence suggests neolithic migration

> Genetics can answer the question in a roundabout way. Human DNA sequences today may shed light on our ancestors because some portions of the human genome change very slowly. One of these is the Y chromosome. Women carry two X chromosomes, while men have one X and one Y. The X and Y cannot exchange DNA like the 22 pairs of non-sex chromosomes in humans or the paired X chromosomes in women. As a result, a man should have a carbon copy of the Y chromosome of his father, grandfather and so on. But sometimes a harmless mutation, a misspelling in the genetic code, occurs. The mutation will be passed on to all the man's male descendants. If millions of men have the same mutation, then they all share a distant paternal ancestor.

Underhill studies pairs of mutations on the Y chromosome in current populations. He combines data about the geographic distribution of the mutations with information about when the mutations arose to trace historical migrations.

While reading a previous paper on Y-chromosome mutations in Science that Underhill co-authored, King thought the geographic distribution of some pairs of mutations paralleled that of Neolithic decorative ceramics. King, a psychiatrist with a PhD in mathematics and a deep interest in art history, called Underhill and suggested they compare the two sets of data.

Critics argue that the contemporary gene pool does not reflect what happened thousands of years ago because people have moved around too much since then. Many also see genetics as an entirely separate line of investigation from archaeological work. Researchers had compared genetic studies to language evolution, but no one had attempted to link genetics and material culture. Underhill agreed to undertake the analysis with King.

The Science paper Underhill co-authored described the Y chromosomes of more than 1,000 men in 25 different Middle Eastern and European geographic regions. They found th
'"/>

Contact: Ruthann Richter
richter1@stanford.edu
650-725-8047
Stanford University Medical Center
10-Sep-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Rare childhood genetic syndrome identified
3. New research shows plants can shuffle and paste gene pieces to generate genetic diversity
4. Scientists decipher genetic code of biothreat pathogen
5. Chemical genetics identifies SARS inhibitors
6. 22nd amino acid synthesized and added to genetic code of e. coli bacteria
7. The impact of genetic variations on the treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis
8. Adaptive changes in the genome may provide insight into the genetics of complex disease
9. New genetic hypothesis for the cause of autism
10. Fossils reveal direct link between global warming and genetic diversity in wildlife
11. A genetic disorder yields insight into genes and cognition

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/30/2014)... of the Entomological Society of America (ESA) has elected ... election as a Fellow acknowledges outstanding contributions to entomology ... extension, or administration. The following Fellows will be recognized ... which will be held November 16-19, 2014 in Portland, ... a professor with the Department of Plant, Soil and ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Laboratory has received a pledge of $1 million from ... the Laboratory,s new Neurobehavioral Biometry Center. , ... will enable the Laboratory to develop a greater breadth ... ultimate goal of accelerating the pace of research to ... as a premier resource for the Laboratory and its ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... a changing climate threaten some of the world,s ... conservationists establish seed collections to save the seeds ... preserving some genetic diversity., For decades, these seed ... offer a one-size-fits-all approach for how many seeds ... samples regardless of species, pollination mode, growth habitat ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 2Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 3Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 4Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 5Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 6Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 7Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 8Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 9Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 10Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 11Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 12Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 13Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 14Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 15Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 16Entomological Society of America recognizes 2014 fellows 17Rossi Foundation pledges $1M for JAX neurobehavioral research center 2Saving seeds the right way can save the world's plants 2
(Date:7/31/2014)... Boston, MA (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... ) finds itself flush with innovative adult stem cell ... patents and has three additional patent applications ... Office. , The patented inventions address two of the ... and regenerative medicine. Adult stem cells are difficult ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... MD (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 ... today the release of the REVELERIS® Prep ... organic chemists, preparative chromatographers, and other researchers to ... using a single unit. , With the REVELERIS® ... flash and preparative chromatography modes with a simple ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014  Replikins Ltd. today released new ... Ebola virus. Before the current outbreaks, the mean Ebola ... amino acids) between 1995 and 2002 was 1.1; the ... 2012, and sixteen-fold in 2013, thus predicting the current ... technology has been shown to be able to predict ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014   Wyle has been named ... Mission Support Services (FILMSS) contract awarded by the ... terms of the contract, Wyle will provide mission ... Calif. In particular, Wyle will provide program and ... on the International Space Station and collaborative science ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Launches A Marketing Campaign To License Adult Stem Cell Biotechnologies 2The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Launches A Marketing Campaign To License Adult Stem Cell Biotechnologies 3Grace Launches New REVELERIS® Prep Purification System 2Wyle Wins NASA's Fully Integrated Lifecycle Mission Support Services Contract 2
Cached News: