HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Oxygen measurements yield greenhouse clues

As levels of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide rise, concentrations of oxygen in our air have fallen.

CSIRO scientists have measured the minuscule decline in oxygen that has occurred during the past 20 years, the longest period over which such an assessment has been made.

"As fossil fuels burn, they generate carbon dioxide, using up oxygen in the process," explains Mr Ray Langenfelds from CSIRO Atmospheric Research. "About half of the carbon dioxide from fossil fuels remains in the atmosphere."

"The changes we are measuring represent just a tiny fraction of the total amount of oxygen in our air (20.95 per cent by volume). The oxygen reduction is just 0.03 per cent in the past 20 years and has no impact on our breathing," says Mr Langenfelds.

"Typical oxygen fluctuations indoors or in city air would be far greater than this," says Mr Langenfelds.

However the oxygen measurements shed new light on the extent to which the world's forests and oceans share the task of absorbing half the carbon dioxide generated by burning of fossil fuels.

"While the oceans emerge as the slightly larger long-term sink, plants are clearly soaking up more carbon dioxde with time. If they weren't, levels of carbon dioxide would be far higher," says Mr Langenfelds.

Although deforestation during the past 20 years has released vast quantities of carbon dioxide, remaining plants are taking up much of this gas. As plants photosynthesise, they produce oxygen, explaining why the oxygen decline in air has been less than expected.

Researchers speculate that plants today could be growing more rapidly due to warmer conditions, higher carbon dioxide concentrations or increased nitrogen fertilisation. Alternatively, previously cleared land may be returning to forest.

Mr Langenfelds has analysed air dating back to 1978 from CSIRO's unique 'archive' of pristine air collected at the remote Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station operated by the CSIRO an
'"/>

Contact: Mr Ray Langenfelds
ray.langenfelds@dar.csiro.au
61-3-9239-4598
CSIRO Australia
19-Jul-1999


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Oxygen sensing in worms may hold key to healthy blood pressure in humans
2. Oxygen triggered the evolution of complex life forms
3. Oxygen deficiency is an endocrine disruptor in fish
4. Oxygen key switch in transforming adult stem cells from fat into cartilage
5. Evolution upset: Oxygen-making microbes came last, not first
6. Oxygen is toxic to stem cells
7. Tumor Oxygen Level And Blood Flow Fluctuate, Duke Scientists Discover
8. Fake Photosynthesis? Test-Tube System In Science Paper Sheds Light On The Oxygen We Breathe, UD Prof Says
9. Oxygen-Carrying Myoglobin Not Necessary For Survival
10. Stroke Risk Increased In Patients With High Oxygen Use In Brain
11. Improved Oxygen Bath To Heal Wounds, Lessen Number Of Amputations: Sandia To Sign Agreement With Numotech To Help Create Home-Use Healing Facility

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/9/2016)... 9, 2016 Elevay is currently ... expanding freedom for high net worth professionals seeking travel ... globally connected world, there is still no substitute for ... duplicate sealing your deal with a firm handshake. This ... taking advantage of citizenship via investment programs like those ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to ... ) , The analysts forecast the ... CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... number of sectors such as the healthcare, BFSI, ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... April 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients ... a new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a ... the higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key ... body mass index, and, when they opt in, share ... visit to a local retail location at no cost. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... TORONTO , June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - ... Ontario biotechnology company, Propellon ... the development and commercialization of a portfolio of ... cancers. Epigenetic targets such as WDR5 represent an ... contribute significantly in precision medicine for cancer patients. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... Charm Sciences, Inc. is ... has received AOAC Research Institute approval 061601. , “This is another AOAC-RI approval ... Bob Salter, Vice President of Regulatory and Industrial Affairs. “The Peel Plate methods ...
(Date:6/23/2016)...   EpiBiome , a precision microbiome engineering company, ... financing from Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). The financing will ... its drug development efforts, as well as purchase additional ... has been an incredible strategic partner to us – ... would provide," said Dr. Aeron Tynes Hammack , ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... In a new case report published ... how a patient who developed lymphedema after being treated for breast cancer benefitted from ... the paradigm for dealing with this debilitating, frequent side effect of cancer treatment. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: