HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Parting genomes: UA biologists discover seeds of speciation

A University of Arizona graduate student may be the first eyewitness to the birth of a new species. Her new findings, appearing in the June 7, 2004 Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, could help biologists identify and understand the precise genetic changes that lead a species to evolve into two separate species.

Laura K. Reed and her advisor, Regents' Professor Therese Markow, made the discovery by observing breeding patterns of fruitflies that live among rotting cacti in western deserts. Whether the two closely related fruitfly populations, designated Drosophila mojavensis and Drosophila arizonae, represent one species or two is still debatable among biologists, testament to the Arizona researchers' assertion that they are in the early stages of diverging into separate species.

The seeds of speciation are sown when distinct factions of a species cease reproducing with one another. When the two groups can no longer interbreed, or prefer not to, they stop exchanging genes and eventually go their own evolutionary ways, forming separate species.

While the evolutionary record is brimming with examples of speciation events, Reed says, biologists haven't been able to put their finger on just what initiates the reproductive isolation. Several researchers have identified mutant forms of certain genes associated with the inability of fruitflies to hybridize with closely related species, but in all cases those genes were discovered long after the two species diverged. Those genetic changes could have caused the speciation or resulted from it, or they might even be incidental changes that occurred long after the species diverged. The difficulty, Reed explains, is that you have to catch the genetic schism while it's still brewing.

She and her advisor report that they have managed to do just that. In the wild, D. mojavensis and D. arizonae rarely if ever interbreed, even though their ranges overlap along a broad swath along the north
'"/>


7-Jun-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Tracing genes, biologists show lizard migration is traced to Florida
2. UCLA molecular biologists uproot the tree of life
3. UCSD biologists develop super-endurance strain of mice
4. Springtime blooms seen earlier now than in the past, say Boston University biologists
5. UCSD biologists discover cells defense mechanism against class of disease-causing bacterial toxins
6. U of T microbiologists achieve results with pattern recognition software
7. Carnegie Mellon U biologists identify critical player in yeast ribosome assembly
8. Plant biologists Delmer, Quail, Bennetzen elected to National Academy of Sciences
9. New York microbiologists awarded research grants in antibiotic resistance and lyme disease
10. Purdue biologists expose the inner workings of viral machine
11. Protein-hungry cells go fishing, report Purdue biologists

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/23/2017)... 2017  The general public,s help is being enlisted in what,s thought ... in and on the human body –and are believed to affect health.  ... The Microbiome Immunity Project is the ... with the gut. The project's goal is to help advance scientific knowledge ... ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... HAMPTON, Va. , Aug. 15 2017   ivWatch LLC ... effectiveness of intravenous (IV) therapy, today announced receipt of its ISO ... (QMS) developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO®). ... ivWatch Model 400 Continuous Monitoring device for ... "This ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... DAL ) customers now can use fingerprints instead of their boarding ... ... biometrics to board aircraft at Reagan Washington National Airport ... Delta,s biometric boarding pass experience that launched in May at the ... to allow eligible Delta SkyMiles Members who are enrolled in CLEAR to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... August 23, 2017 , ... ... news outlet had initiated coverage on NuLife Sciences. According to Soulstring, NuLife Sciences ... transplant industry, focused on kidney transplant technology that integrates proprietary recellularization processes intended ...
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... August 23, 2017 , ... ... ability to manipulate 3D models of pediatric patients’ neuroanatomy and accurately tailor radiation ... of the Journal of Medical Imaging. The advance is reported in an article ...
(Date:8/23/2017)... ... August 22, 2017 , ... Mettler-Toledo, one of the market leaders in product ... . This turnkey system inspects labels, prints, and packaging properties fully automatically, and, thanks ... lines and extended as needed. , The high-end version of the V2630 was ...
(Date:8/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 22, 2017 , ... ... announced that two market innovators, Munich Re , one of the world’s ... (IQT), the strategic investor that accelerates the development of technologies to support the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: