HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Physical activity, not diet, most influences preschoolers' weight

With the prevalence of overweight and obesity increasing at an alarming rate in the Western world, efforts have turned toward prevention strategies. In work published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Atkin and Davies studied a cohort of 77 preschool children ages 1.5-4.5 years, evaluating their daily diets and overall body composition.

Subjects for the study were recruited through the Feasibility Study for the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Children in Great Britain and were evenly divided between boys and girls. Each mother or care giver was instructed and monitored by a fieldworker in keeping a weighed-food record for four days. Body composition was determined by isotopic measurement of total body water, which was in turn used to calculate body fat and fat-free mass. Physical activity levels were calculated according to doubly labeled water technique and basal metabolic rate which was predicted from body weight and height.

Subjects were grouped into three tertiles for total energy intake or percentage of energy from carbohydrate, fat, or protein. There were no significant correlations between percentage body fat and any of the intake variables, while percent of body fat was influenced by habitual levels of physical activity. The children's total energy expenditures (TEE) were 10-20% below their recommended energy intake. The authors stress the importance of physical activity for children as a preventative strategy in reducing the risk of obesity in adolescence and adulthood.


'"/>

Contact: Beth M. Wettergreen
bmwettergreen@ucdavis.edu
530-754-7528
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
25-Jun-2000


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Hydrogen Initiative report from American Physical Society panel released
2. Physical activity in the elderly ruled in part by genetics
3. American Physical Society March Meeting 2003
4. Physical map of mouse genome now available
5. Physical effort does not automatically lead to worsening of fibromyalgia symptoms
6. Physically fit, leaner older people are happier, study says
7. Fruit flys genome sequence finished in record time: Physical maps are the key to accuracy
8. Physical activity and a low-fat, reduced-calorie diet prevent weight gain in menopausal women, find University of Pittsburgh researchers
9. Pet Therapy Programs Help Patients In Rehab, Physical Therapy And More
10. Biologists discover nerve activity, not just genetics controls kinds of neurotransmitters produced
11. Fat hormone leptin alters brain architecture and activity, which in turn drives feeding behavior

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/30/2017)... , March 30, 2017 The research ... system for three-dimensional (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground breaking 3D ... a new realm of speed and accuracy for use in identification, ... an affordable cost. ... ...
(Date:3/29/2017)...  higi, the health IT company that operates the ... , today announced a Series B investment from ... The new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s strategy to ... population health activities through the collection and workflow integration ... collects and secures data today on behalf of over ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... March 27, 2017  Catholic Health Services (CHS) ... Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics for achieving Stage 6 ... sm . In addition, CHS previously earned a ... using an electronic medical record (EMR). ... level of EMR usage in an outpatient setting.  ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... Proscia Inc ... hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going digital. Is your lab ready?” with ... adoption best practices and how Proscia improves lab economics and realizes an increase ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ROTTERDAM, the Netherlands and LAGUNA HILLS, ... that The Institute of Cancer Research, London ... will use MMprofiler™ with SKY92, SkylineDx,s prognostic tool to risk-stratify ... high-risk trial known as MUK nine . The University ... this trial, which is partly funded by Myeloma UK, and ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... A new ... rates in frozen and fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) transfer cycles. ... to IVF success. , After comparing the results from the fresh and frozen ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... San Diego-based team building and cooking ... initiative announced today. The bold new look is part of a transformation to ... into a significant growth period. , It will also expand its service offering from ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: