HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Plants' circadian clocks tune into latitude to enhance fitness

HANOVER, NH Dartmouth researchers have learned that natural variations in a plant's circadian clock correlate with the plant's latitude. C. Robertson McClung, Professor of Biological Sciences and an author on the paper, and his team studied circadian behaviors of Arabidopsis plants obtained from different areas, from the Arctic Circle and middle Europe, to Japan and the Cape Verde Islands.

"Clocks are adaptive; they contribute to the fitness of an organism in any particular environment," says McClung. "We found that in species like Arabidopsis, which cover a huge environmental range, there are underlying variations in their circadian clocks to subtly optimize their ability to function in a particular environment."

Published in the November 7 issue of Science, the study examines the clock rhythms in Arabidopsis from different parts of the earth. The researchers analyzed leaf movements and measured the period of time it took the leaves to complete one circadian cycle, noted the time of day when the leaves were pointing straight upward, and calculated the distance the leaves moved during a cycle. All three measurements showed considerable differences in the plants from different areas.

"When we determined day length in each of the latitudes for the plants, we found the correlation was highly significant between the circadian variations in period length and the latitudes of origin of the different plants," says McClung.

A second component of the study provides evidence suggesting that a large number of genes contribute to fine-tuning the Arabidopsis clock.

By crossing Arabidopsis from two different geographic areas, and allowing them to segregate for a number of generations, the researchers identified five chromosomal regions, called quantitative trait loci (QTL), which significantly contribute to either period length or phase or amplitude of the rhythms. Each of these QTL regions includes many genes, at least one of which con
'"/>

Contact: Sue Knapp
Sue.Knapp@dartmouth.edu
603-646-3661
Dartmouth College
6-Nov-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Coordinating power of circadian rhythms keeps estrus and pregnancy on track
2. Loss of circadian genes results in epilepsy
3. Artificial light-dark cycles expose circadian clocks at odds with each other
4. Unnatural light-dark cycles expose duelling circadian clocks
5. Gene interactions control circadian clock in plants, study finds
6. Dartmouth researchers find two circadian clocks in the same plant tissue
7. Dartmouth researchers identify multi-tasking circadian protein
8. Diabetes tied to altering of the hearts circadian clock
9. Peripheral Swatch watches are a powerful force in bodys circadian rhythms
10. Gene that prevents tumor growth also carries messages from circadian clock
11. New pathway to understanding circadian rhythms

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Plants circadian clocks tune into latitude enhance fitness

(Date:10/14/2014)... fly genome for the first time, revealing robust immune ... thrives in pathogen-rich dung piles and garbage heaps. , ... Genome Biology , will increase understanding of house fly ... to resist insecticides, which could lead to novel control ... transmit more than 100 human and animal diseases, including ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Sinai-led research team has discovered a new kind of stem ... cell that lines liver blood vessels, according to a study ... The existence of such a cell type contradicts current theory ... and may hold clues to origins of, and future treatment ... a single cell into a complex being made up of ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... – Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have ... Health (NIH) to lead an investigation of Lassa fever ... Africa. The study aims to understand how Lassa fever ... others survive the inflection. , "The ultimate goal ... how Lassa fever virus causes disease and develop new ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):House fly genome reveals expanded immune system 2Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 2Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 3Scripps Research Institute team receives $6.6 million to investigate deadly Lassa virus 2
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Latin American hardware encryption display market report defines ... and forecast of revenue. This market was valued at ... $2,366.8 million by 2018, at a CAGR of 70.3% ... of the Latin American hardware encryption market report to ... also provides a glimpse of the segmentation of the ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... Asian Automatic patient billing report defines and segments the ... The Automatic patient billing market in Asia is estimated ... a developing CAGR of 7.2% from 2013 to 2018. ... patient billing market, to get an idea of the ... the segmentation of this market in the same region, ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The report "Unmanned Ground Vehicle Market by Application ... & by Geography - Forecasts & Analysis 2014–2020", ... market into various sub segments with an in-depth ... also identifies the factors driving this market, various ... adoption trends. , The unmanned ground vehicle market ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... (PRWEB) October 18, 2014 The ... - Trends and Forecasts to 2019", analyzes the ... in order to understand the industry details such ... opportunities across various geographic regions. , Browse 81 ... 202 Slides and in-depth TOC on “1,6-Hexanediol Market ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian Automatic patient billing market is estimated to grow to around $463.9 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian Automatic patient billing market is estimated to grow to around $463.9 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) Market Estimated to Reach $8.26 Billion by 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) Market Estimated to Reach $8.26 Billion by 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) Market Estimated to Reach $8.26 Billion by 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) Market Estimated to Reach $8.26 Billion by 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 51,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 21,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 31,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 41,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 5
Cached News: