HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Plants' circadian clocks tune into latitude to enhance fitness

HANOVER, NH Dartmouth researchers have learned that natural variations in a plant's circadian clock correlate with the plant's latitude. C. Robertson McClung, Professor of Biological Sciences and an author on the paper, and his team studied circadian behaviors of Arabidopsis plants obtained from different areas, from the Arctic Circle and middle Europe, to Japan and the Cape Verde Islands.

"Clocks are adaptive; they contribute to the fitness of an organism in any particular environment," says McClung. "We found that in species like Arabidopsis, which cover a huge environmental range, there are underlying variations in their circadian clocks to subtly optimize their ability to function in a particular environment."

Published in the November 7 issue of Science, the study examines the clock rhythms in Arabidopsis from different parts of the earth. The researchers analyzed leaf movements and measured the period of time it took the leaves to complete one circadian cycle, noted the time of day when the leaves were pointing straight upward, and calculated the distance the leaves moved during a cycle. All three measurements showed considerable differences in the plants from different areas.

"When we determined day length in each of the latitudes for the plants, we found the correlation was highly significant between the circadian variations in period length and the latitudes of origin of the different plants," says McClung.

A second component of the study provides evidence suggesting that a large number of genes contribute to fine-tuning the Arabidopsis clock.

By crossing Arabidopsis from two different geographic areas, and allowing them to segregate for a number of generations, the researchers identified five chromosomal regions, called quantitative trait loci (QTL), which significantly contribute to either period length or phase or amplitude of the rhythms. Each of these QTL regions includes many genes, at least one of which con
'"/>

Contact: Sue Knapp
Sue.Knapp@dartmouth.edu
603-646-3661
Dartmouth College
6-Nov-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Coordinating power of circadian rhythms keeps estrus and pregnancy on track
2. Loss of circadian genes results in epilepsy
3. Artificial light-dark cycles expose circadian clocks at odds with each other
4. Unnatural light-dark cycles expose duelling circadian clocks
5. Gene interactions control circadian clock in plants, study finds
6. Dartmouth researchers find two circadian clocks in the same plant tissue
7. Dartmouth researchers identify multi-tasking circadian protein
8. Diabetes tied to altering of the hearts circadian clock
9. Peripheral Swatch watches are a powerful force in bodys circadian rhythms
10. Gene that prevents tumor growth also carries messages from circadian clock
11. New pathway to understanding circadian rhythms

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/5/2017)... Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the launch ... dynamic digital window into the human cell. The website ... deep learning to create predictive models of cell organization, ... suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer will ... resources created and shared by the Allen Institute for ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... , April 4, 2017   EyeLock LLC , ... that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) ... covers the linking of an iris image with a ... and represents the company,s 45 th issued patent. ... is very timely given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong ... identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching ... and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security ... ... A research team led by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... today it will be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going digital. Is ... , on digital pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia improves lab economics ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... and LAGUNA HILLS, Calif. , Oct. ... Cancer Research, London (ICR) and University ... SKY92, SkylineDx,s prognostic tool to risk-stratify patients with multiple myeloma ... MUK nine . The University of Leeds ... partly funded by Myeloma UK, and ICR will perform the ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... A new study ... in frozen and fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) transfer cycles. The ... IVF success. , After comparing the results from the fresh and frozen transfer ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2017 , ... San Diego-based ... of its corporate rebranding initiative announced today. The bold new look is part ... as the company moves into a significant growth period. , It will also expand ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: