HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Prematurity, infections most likely causes of brain damage among infants

The most likely causes of brain damage among low birthweight infants are prematurity and infections, not oxygen starvation, a Johns Hopkins study has found.

Studying 213 babies born weighing less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces, the researchers noted that the smaller the infants were at birth and the less time they spent in the womb, the more likely they were to have some form of brain damage. Babies born with infections were more likely than those without infections to have brain complications. The report is published in the June issue of the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.

"A lot of medical malpractice cases try to relate brain damage to oxygen deficiency during the birthing process," says lead author Cynthia J. Holcroft, M.D., an instructor of gynecology and obstetrics. "In our study, oxygen deficiency played a very small role in the neurologic injuries seen in these infants. Even with the increase in the Caesarian rate from 5 percent to almost 25 percent, and the widespread introduction of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring, the incidence of cerebral palsy and other problems has remained unchanged over the past 40 years."

Researchers followed all babies born at Johns Hopkins between April 1999 and December 2001 weighing less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces and who were admitted to the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit. To compare those born with brain disorders such as seizures or bleeding, and those born without such complications, they reviewed all maternal and neonatal records, checking gestational age at delivery, mode of delivery, birth weights, Apgar scores (measure of newborns' development and health) and infection, among other factors.

Seventy-seven (36 percent) of the infants studied had some type of neurologic problem. Of those, 61 had bleeding, eight had seizures, 13 had hydrocephalus (an abnormal increase in cerebrospinal fluid) and nine had periventricular leukomalacia (brain softening). Several in
'"/>

Contact: Karen Blum
kblum@jhmi.edu
410-955-1534
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
6-Jun-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Pneumococcal vaccine reduces ear infections, pneumonia, new study shows
2. Viral proteins may prevent bacterial infections
3. Researchers recommend new approach to combat drug-resistant staph infections
4. Experiments establish protein-only nature of prion infections
5. Study examines whether giving good bacteria reduces infections
6. Discovery could lead to better treatment for cryptosporidum infections
7. Targeting hard-to-kill fungal infections
8. Pacifying bacteria prevents lethal post-op infections
9. Understanding urinary tract infections
10. Solution to hospital infections could be in the air
11. UCSD researchers find promising new avenues for treating infections

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/7/2015)... , July 7, 2015  Based on ... Frost & Sullivan recognizes Credence ID, LLC with ... Entrepreneurial Company of the Year Award. Credence ID ... aid in its mission of offering enrollment and ... globally. As Credence ID was formed by experts ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... , June 25, 2015 ... the addition of the "Natural Language Processing ... (Recognition, IVR, OCR, Pattern & Image Recognition) - ... offering. The key vendors occupying the ... IBM Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, NetBase Solutions, SAS Institute ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... 2, 2015 Fingerprint Cards has received ... and FPC1155 from the distributor World Peace Industrial Group (WPI), ... in Asia . Deliveries are planned to ... be used by smartphone manufacturers in Asia ... the communicated revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 MSEK for 2015. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 2Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 3Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 4Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 5Natural Language Processing Market by Type (Rule-Based, Statistical, and Hybrid), Technologies (Recognition, IVR, OCR, Pattern & Image Recognition) - Worldwide Forecast to 2020 2FPC Receives Order for Touch Fingerprint Sensors of 268 MSEK 2
(Date:7/30/2015)... HIGHLIGHTS:Q2 2015 Results (all changes ... Reported sales were $697 million compared to $701 million ... by 8%, and changes in foreign currency exchange rates ... 1%. , By business unit, organic sales growth ... in SAFC Commercial. , Reported diluted EPS was ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... July 30, 2015 Sanofi, ... publie ses résultats pour le premier semestre 2015. ... les résultats. Visionner l,interview vidéo et ... Au sommaire de l,interview :  ... Moteurs de croissance - Diabète ...
(Date:7/29/2015)...  HealthSouth Corporation (NYSE: HLS ), one ... services, offering both facility-based and home-based post-acute services, ... second quarter ended June 30, 2015. ... growth in both segments and an 11.0% increase ... and Chief Executive Officer of HealthSouth. "While reported ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... 29, 2015  AmnioChor Inc., an early stage biotech ... pleased to announce that the Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation of ... invest in their seed round of development of the ... capabilities. AmnioChor,s technology allows cryopreservation of ... stem cells living within those tissues. Amnion is a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 2Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 3Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 4Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 5Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 6Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 7Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 8Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 9Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 10Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 11Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 12Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 13Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 14Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 15Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 16Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 17Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 18Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 19Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 20HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 2HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 3HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 4HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 5HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 6HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 7HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 8HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 9HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 10HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 11HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 12HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 13HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 14HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 15HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 16HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 17
Cached News: