HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Prematurity, infections most likely causes of brain damage among infants

The most likely causes of brain damage among low birthweight infants are prematurity and infections, not oxygen starvation, a Johns Hopkins study has found.

Studying 213 babies born weighing less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces, the researchers noted that the smaller the infants were at birth and the less time they spent in the womb, the more likely they were to have some form of brain damage. Babies born with infections were more likely than those without infections to have brain complications. The report is published in the June issue of the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.

"A lot of medical malpractice cases try to relate brain damage to oxygen deficiency during the birthing process," says lead author Cynthia J. Holcroft, M.D., an instructor of gynecology and obstetrics. "In our study, oxygen deficiency played a very small role in the neurologic injuries seen in these infants. Even with the increase in the Caesarian rate from 5 percent to almost 25 percent, and the widespread introduction of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring, the incidence of cerebral palsy and other problems has remained unchanged over the past 40 years."

Researchers followed all babies born at Johns Hopkins between April 1999 and December 2001 weighing less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces and who were admitted to the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit. To compare those born with brain disorders such as seizures or bleeding, and those born without such complications, they reviewed all maternal and neonatal records, checking gestational age at delivery, mode of delivery, birth weights, Apgar scores (measure of newborns' development and health) and infection, among other factors.

Seventy-seven (36 percent) of the infants studied had some type of neurologic problem. Of those, 61 had bleeding, eight had seizures, 13 had hydrocephalus (an abnormal increase in cerebrospinal fluid) and nine had periventricular leukomalacia (brain softening). Several in
'"/>

Contact: Karen Blum
kblum@jhmi.edu
410-955-1534
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
6-Jun-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Pneumococcal vaccine reduces ear infections, pneumonia, new study shows
2. Viral proteins may prevent bacterial infections
3. Researchers recommend new approach to combat drug-resistant staph infections
4. Experiments establish protein-only nature of prion infections
5. Study examines whether giving good bacteria reduces infections
6. Discovery could lead to better treatment for cryptosporidum infections
7. Targeting hard-to-kill fungal infections
8. Pacifying bacteria prevents lethal post-op infections
9. Understanding urinary tract infections
10. Solution to hospital infections could be in the air
11. UCSD researchers find promising new avenues for treating infections

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014  Securus Technologies, a leading provider ... for public safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, ... enhancements to its THREADS™ product, which utilizes ... intelligence and focused leads for investigators. ... innovation through identifying and delivering solutions serving ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... is open for the Society of ... SIR 2015 is the one place where ... related health care professionals can come together ... and technologies being presented, discussed and tested. ... minimally invasive, image-guided medicine, SIR 2015 will ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... in New York City on September 19, 2014, leading ... Society Professor of Genome Sciences and Medicine at the ... of Philosophy of Tel Aviv University, was awarded the ... In addition to her honorary degree from TAU, Prof. ... School of Medicine, and for the past 18 years ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Securus Technologies Adds Advanced Features to Its Industry-Leading Investigative Analytics Product 2SIR 2015: Interventional radiology shapes tomorrow's medicine 2Geneticist and humanitarian: Prof. Mary-Claire King receives Lasker Award 2
(Date:10/31/2014)... 31, 2014 The report "Dairy ... Formulation (Plain, Flavored, Sweetened, Unsweetened), Channel (Supermarket, Health ... Trends & Forecast to 2018," defines and segments ... and forecast of revenue and volume for plant-based ... projected to reach $14 Billion by 2018 with ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... ENVIRON , an international environmental, ... Dr. Harvey Clewell III has rejoined the firm ... with senior professionals in ENVIRON’s Health Sciences practice. ... The Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences (The Hamner) ... is Director, Center for Human Health Assessment. , ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... 2014  Tavistock Development Co. (TDC), a diversified ... groundbreaking of the GuideWell Innovation Center ... The 92,000-square-foot, three-story facility is the first multi-tenant ... designed specifically for life sciences, health innovation, and ... 650-acre Lake Nona Medical City, near the Sanford-Burnham ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... The report “Fragrance Ingredients Market by Type (Essential Oils ... Soaps & Detergents) & by Geography - Global Trends ... Fragrance Ingredients Market with analyses and projection of the ... has been segmented on the basis of major regions ... Rest of the World (ROW); and their value has ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dairy Alternative Beverage Market Projected to Reach $14 Billion by 2018 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Dairy Alternative Beverage Market Projected to Reach $14 Billion by 2018 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Dairy Alternative Beverage Market Projected to Reach $14 Billion by 2018 - Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Internationally recognized health scientist Dr. Harvey Clewell renews association with ENVIRON 2Internationally recognized health scientist Dr. Harvey Clewell renews association with ENVIRON 3GuideWell Innovation Center Groundbreaking Hosted by Tavistock Development Company at Lake Nona Medical City 2GuideWell Innovation Center Groundbreaking Hosted by Tavistock Development Company at Lake Nona Medical City 3Fragrance Ingredients Market worth $17,104.21 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Fragrance Ingredients Market worth $17,104.21 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Fragrance Ingredients Market worth $17,104.21 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Fragrance Ingredients Market worth $17,104.21 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 5
Cached News: