Prenatal exposure to nicotine increases risk of apnea in brains of newborn rats

University of Arizona researchers report new evidence that exposure to nicotine in the developing rat fetus enhances the function of GABAa receptors, a key component of brain cells that control breathing rhythm. The increased functional capacity of the GABAa receptors may make these newborns more likely to have episodes of apnea, in which breathing simply stops.

Zili Luo, MD, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Dr. Ralph Fregosi, describes the study at the Experimental Biology 2003 meeting in San Diego, as part of the American Physiological Society program.

In humans, cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) occur most often in infants between the ages of two and four months, while the baby is sleeping. SIDS deaths usually are attributed to apnea or the cessation of breathing and the failure of the infant to self-resuscitate or resume breathing. Smoking during pregnancy has been found to increase the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) by about five fold, and researchers have long been eager to pinpoint the mechanism by which this occurs.

Earlier studies by other investigators showed that prenatal nicotine exposure enhances the function and density of GABAa receptors in the cortex, hippocampus and other areas of the brain. These observations led the Fregosi laboratory to hypothesize that prenatal nicotine exposure may also alter the function or density of the GABAa receptors on cells in the brain regions that control breathing. In earlier work, the Fregosi laboratory had already sown that pharmacological stimulation of these inhibitory nerve cell membrane receptors led to slowing of the breathing rate, with intense stimulation leading to cessation of breathing altogether.

This study looked at whether prenatal nicotine enhances the function of these receptors, thus making it more likely that newborns that had been exposed to nicotine would have more episodes of apnea when the GABAa receptors are stim

Contact: Sarah Goodwin
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Prenatal nicotine primes adolescent brain for addiction
2. Prenatal exposure to second-handsmoke greater for disadvantaged children, study finds
3. Study: Prenatal screening in Haiti region cut syphilis by 75 percent
4. Prenatal alcohol exposure can damage both information processing and response capabilities
5. Prenatal alcohol exposure affects visual processing
6. Just One Prenatal Visit Decreases Risk Of Preterm Delivery
7. Smokings Effects On Pregnancy Not Mitigated By Prenatal Vitamins, UB Study Finds
8. USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
9. 9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
10. Managing occupational exposures to potential bioterrorist agents
11. Infant rats eagerly accept high concentrations of alcohol upon first exposure

Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/7/2016)... TORONTO , June 7, 2016  Syngrafii ... begun a business relationship that includes integrating Syngrafii,s ... pilot branch project. This collaboration will result in ... for the credit union, while maintaining existing document ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160606/375871LOGO ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... -- Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems, Biometrics ... Support & Other Service  The latest report ... analysis of the global Border Security market . ... $17.98 billion in 2016. Now: In November ... software and hardware technologies for advanced video surveillance. ...
(Date:5/16/2016)... --  EyeLock LLC , a market leader of iris-based ... IoT Center of Excellence in Austin, Texas ... embedded iris biometric applications. EyeLock,s iris authentication ... with unmatched biometric accuracy, making it the most proven ... platform uses video technology to deliver a fast and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... , ... In a new case report published today in STEM CELLS Translational ... lymphedema after being treated for breast cancer benefitted from an injection of stem cells ... this debilitating, frequent side effect of cancer treatment. , Lymphedema refers to ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Calif. , June 23, 2016  Blueprint Bio, ... biological discoveries to the medical community, has closed its ... Matthew Nunez . "We have received ... with the capital we need to meet our current ... essentially provide us the runway to complete validation on ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 On Wednesday, June 22, 2016, ... 0.22%; the Dow Jones Industrial Average edged 0.27% lower to ... down 0.17%. Stock-Callers.com has initiated coverage on the following equities: ... (NASDAQ: NKTR ), Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... BIND ). Learn more about these stocks by accessing their ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... and technical consulting, provides a free webinar on Performing Quality Investigations: ... 2016 at 12pm CT at no charge. , Incomplete investigations are still a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: