HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Process triggered by some anti-cancer drugs causes tumors in mice, study finds

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. It is well known that cancers frequently are caused by genetic mutations random alterations along the long chain of molecules that make up the sequence of an organisms DNA. Two studies published this week in Science now point to another culprit in tumor formation, a process that can cause chromosomes to become unstable by affecting changes in the methylation of the DNA, which renders a gene active or inactive by affecting how the DNA is packaged into proteins without changing gene sequences.

The findings are important, researchers say, because some anti-cancer drugs in clinical trials are designed to kill diseased cells by triggering the process under study called hypomethylation which lowers the level of methylation. Previous studies by scientists at Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research have shown that drug-induced hypomethylation can protect against tumors arising in the intestinal tract (colon cancer). But in this new work, Whitehead scientists found that hypomethylation also may cause tumors in mice, suggesting that such drugs may do harm as well as good, said Rudolf Jaenisch, leader of the team that published these new studies.

You have to know how you interfere with these cancer mechanisms, said Jaenisch, adding that the same alteration of cellular chemistry that controls some cancers is now seen to cause cancer in other tissues. At the moment we have two totally opposite results when we look in two different tissues. In the intestines, hypomethylation protects against cancer, and in the thymus it enhances cancer.

As researchers search for explanations for what prompts cancer cells to proliferate and grow, an increasing number have begun to examine extra-genetic changes problems that affect whether a gene is active or silent not the genes sequence. One process receiving heavy scrutiny is among the most basic events in a cells nucleus during the life of the cell, methylation, during which methyl molecules,
'"/>

Contact: Kelli Whitlock or Melissa Withers
newsroom@wi.mit.edu
617-258-5183
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
17-Apr-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists share multidisciplinary discoveries at Earth System Processes
2. International scientists probe unsolved puzzles of the Earth and beyond at "Earth System Processes"
3. Reproductive Signals Affect Lifespan In Roundworm C. Elegans, Offering Possible Insight Into Human Aging Process
4. Trash From Crop-Processing Plant Harvested For Disease-Fighting Agents
5. Researchers Identify Molecule That May Be Key In Pheromone Processing
6. New Coating Process May Prevent Body From Rejecting Medical Implants
7. Innovative Process To Benefit Ground Water Clean-Up
8. INDOEX Researchers Document The Impact Of Pollutants On Climate Processes Over The Tropical Indian Ocean
9. Reversible Process For Forming Supramolecular Polymers Could Be The Basis Of Fibers, Molecular Transport Mechanisms
10. Common Prostate Cancer: A Different Process Altogether?
11. Penn State Engineers Develop New Simulation For Ultrafine Particle Growth Process

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/13/2018)... , ... November 13, 2018 , ... ... Jonathan Retano will be a featured presenter at the upcoming CBI Gross-to-Net (GTN) ... a hospitality suite on Friday, November 16, where conference attendees will have the ...
(Date:11/13/2018)... Conn. (PRWEB) , ... November 13, 2018 , ... ... modern gum surgery alternatives with less invasive techniques, less discomfort and ... gum disease symptoms like receding, swollen and bleeding gums, and bad breath, this ...
(Date:11/13/2018)... SANTA ANA, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... November 12, 2018 , ... ... West Garden Grove, is welcoming individuals with multiple missing teeth in Santa Ana, CA ... received in just one day. Using decades of experience, Dr. Kim regularly helps patients ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/7/2018)... ... November 07, 2018 , ... Diversified Technologies, Inc. (DTI) ... the Arizona Center for Algae Technology and Innovation at ASU. Funded by a USDA ... for those involved with algal and predator control applications. , Algae ponds get up ...
(Date:11/5/2018)... ... November 05, 2018 , ... GlycoMark, Inc., the exclusive ... through its website, http://www.glycomark.com , as part of National Diabetes Month. ... via the website in November from 9 a.m. – 5 p.m. ET weekdays ...
(Date:10/31/2018)... ... 2018 , ... Rooam , the premier payment platform for the nightlife ... its acquisition of the Tally payment app, the leading payment platform in Chicago that ... grow its market share and increase the number of restaurant and bar locations offered ...
(Date:10/31/2018)... ... October 30, 2018 , ... Today, the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) ... global competition is to find new and innovative uses of field corn. NineSigma is ... 14.6 billion bushels of corn and are on pace to produce the second largest ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: