HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Purdue researchers solve decades-old corn, sorghum problem

nd improved stalk strength and quality, Johal said.

Johal and his colleagues found that loss of a gene product called a p-glycoprotein generates these dwarf corn and sorghum plants by interfering with the movement of auxin, an essential hormone in plant growth and development. They also have identified the genetic mechanism that causes dwarf sorghum plants to spontaneously revert to a taller form.

In corn, the normal gene Br2 produces a p-glycoprotein, and the researchers found that a mutation in this gene is responsible for the altered growth of the dwarf plant. They also found that the dwarf mutants, while shorter than their taller counterparts, have more cells per unit area in the stalk, which makes the stalks stronger and perhaps more effective at retaining water.

Although p-glycoproteins are involved in transporting molecules across cell membranes, their exact function still has not been conclusively shown.

"This finding in br2 dwarf mutants demonstrates the 'real-world' impact of research involving model plants," said Angus Murphy, assistant professor of horticulture and a collaborator on the study. Murphy recently demonstrated that in Arabidopsis, a plant commonly used as a model system in plant genetics and molecular biology, mutations in a p-glycoprotein gene similar to Br2 disrupt auxin flow, leading to alteration of the plant's form.

"After discovering that p-glycoproteins control hormonal movement in Arabidopsis, we were able to apply that information to demonstrate that the same mechanism underlies a well-described phenomenon in corn," Murphy said. "The kind of collaboration that produced this discovery is one of the unique characteristics of the Purdue research environment."

Johal and Murphy work in different academic departments located in different buildings - but they both agree that the combination of their diverse areas of expertise was key to their success.

"This study has been a perfect mat
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Cutraro
jcutraro@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University
2-Oct-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Purdue study finds antioxidant protects metal-eating plants
2. Bright idea could doom cancer and viruses, say Purdue scientists
3. Purdue yeast makes ethanol from agricultural waste more effectively
4. IU and Purdue scientists to answer questions about Brood X periodical cicadas
5. Purdue scientists finding ways to outsmart crop-damaging bugs
6. Chestnut trees to spread across landscape again, says Purdue scientist
7. Purdue scientists: To stop cancer, keep your Icmt away from your Ras
8. Purdue chemists put the twist on protein building block
9. Purdue scientists: Genetically modified fish could damage ecology
10. Fat cells fight disease, Purdue University researchers find
11. Purdue chemist mussels in on secrets of natural adhesives

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Purdue researchers solve decades old corn sorghum problem

(Date:11/18/2014)... Nov. 18, 2014  The Secure Identity & ... today jointly announce the formation of The Airport ... its Identity and Biometric Entry and Exit ... received official support from BORDERPOL, the international non-profit ... and provide expertise regarding border security, traveler and ...
(Date:11/15/2014)... , Nov. 13, 2014  While we may still ... Doctor McCoy used in "Star Trek" to gain instant access ... designed to work with smartphones and tablets for monitoring and ... the healthcare world. This may seem a tad Orwellian to ... to adopt some of these technological opportunities into their healthcare ...
(Date:11/7/2014)... led by Dr. Debra Auguste, associate professor, biomedical ... The City College of New York, have identified ... for one of the most aggressive forms of ... have a high mortality rate owing to aggressive ... therapeutic options. However, Professor Auguste,s team, discovered the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 2Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 3Americans May Be Ready for a Brave New World of Healthcare 2Americans May Be Ready for a Brave New World of Healthcare 3Americans May Be Ready for a Brave New World of Healthcare 4
(Date:11/24/2014)... Belgium , Nov. 24, 2014 ... focused on developing diagnostic tests for cancer and other conditions, ... will be presented at the Science for Business BioWin Day ... Belgium . The data come from VolitionRx,s lung cancer ... Pneumology department of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Liege ...
(Date:11/24/2014)... Baltimore, MD (PRWEB) November 24, 2014 ... recruiting underrepresented patient populations into clinical trials at ... Maryland. , “Continental was created with the ... trials play a fundamental role in medical advances," ... the Tuskegee syphilis experiment to the immortal cell ...
(Date:11/24/2014)... , November 24, 2014 Senior ... honored for dynamic leadership skills, business acumen ... and medical information products and services, congratulates Diane ... Clinical Reference and Workflow, Elsevier Clinical Solutions, for being ... Watching ® Awards issue of Profiles in ...
(Date:11/22/2014)... November 21, 2014 Prominent academics, ... will gather on December 3rd at Genetic Rx, ... series. GeneticRx will take place at the Joseph ... and will discuss the present and future of ... skipping, and gene editing—as well as the treatment ...
Breaking Biology Technology:VolitionRx to Present Positive Data from Pilot Lung Cancer Study at BioWin Day 2014 2VolitionRx to Present Positive Data from Pilot Lung Cancer Study at BioWin Day 2014 3VolitionRx to Present Positive Data from Pilot Lung Cancer Study at BioWin Day 2014 4VolitionRx to Present Positive Data from Pilot Lung Cancer Study at BioWin Day 2014 5VolitionRx to Present Positive Data from Pilot Lung Cancer Study at BioWin Day 2014 6At Continental Clinical Solutions, CEO Saleh Stevens Focuses on Diversity in Clinical Trial Recruitment at Maryland Site 2At Continental Clinical Solutions, CEO Saleh Stevens Focuses on Diversity in Clinical Trial Recruitment at Maryland Site 3Elsevier Clinical Solutions' Diane Bartoli Featured In Profiles in Diversity Journal's 13th Annual Women Worth Watching Issue 2Elsevier Clinical Solutions' Diane Bartoli Featured In Profiles in Diversity Journal's 13th Annual Women Worth Watching Issue 3Pioneering Academics and Key Industry Leaders to Discuss Rare Diseases and the Emergence of New Genetic Medicines at Genetic Rx on December 3rd 2
Cached News: