HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Purdue researchers solve decades-old corn, sorghum problem

nd improved stalk strength and quality, Johal said.

Johal and his colleagues found that loss of a gene product called a p-glycoprotein generates these dwarf corn and sorghum plants by interfering with the movement of auxin, an essential hormone in plant growth and development. They also have identified the genetic mechanism that causes dwarf sorghum plants to spontaneously revert to a taller form.

In corn, the normal gene Br2 produces a p-glycoprotein, and the researchers found that a mutation in this gene is responsible for the altered growth of the dwarf plant. They also found that the dwarf mutants, while shorter than their taller counterparts, have more cells per unit area in the stalk, which makes the stalks stronger and perhaps more effective at retaining water.

Although p-glycoproteins are involved in transporting molecules across cell membranes, their exact function still has not been conclusively shown.

"This finding in br2 dwarf mutants demonstrates the 'real-world' impact of research involving model plants," said Angus Murphy, assistant professor of horticulture and a collaborator on the study. Murphy recently demonstrated that in Arabidopsis, a plant commonly used as a model system in plant genetics and molecular biology, mutations in a p-glycoprotein gene similar to Br2 disrupt auxin flow, leading to alteration of the plant's form.

"After discovering that p-glycoproteins control hormonal movement in Arabidopsis, we were able to apply that information to demonstrate that the same mechanism underlies a well-described phenomenon in corn," Murphy said. "The kind of collaboration that produced this discovery is one of the unique characteristics of the Purdue research environment."

Johal and Murphy work in different academic departments located in different buildings - but they both agree that the combination of their diverse areas of expertise was key to their success.

"This study has been a perfect mat
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Cutraro
jcutraro@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University
2-Oct-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Purdue study finds antioxidant protects metal-eating plants
2. Bright idea could doom cancer and viruses, say Purdue scientists
3. Purdue yeast makes ethanol from agricultural waste more effectively
4. IU and Purdue scientists to answer questions about Brood X periodical cicadas
5. Purdue scientists finding ways to outsmart crop-damaging bugs
6. Chestnut trees to spread across landscape again, says Purdue scientist
7. Purdue scientists: To stop cancer, keep your Icmt away from your Ras
8. Purdue chemists put the twist on protein building block
9. Purdue scientists: Genetically modified fish could damage ecology
10. Fat cells fight disease, Purdue University researchers find
11. Purdue chemist mussels in on secrets of natural adhesives

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016  There is much more to innovative access ... engine. Continental will demonstrate the intelligence of today,s solutions ... . Through the combination of the keyless entry and ... elements, the international technology company is opening up new ... "The integration of biometric elements brings our ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  Singulex, Inc., the leader in Next Generation Immunodiagnostics ... license and supply agreement with Thermo Fisher Scientific, the ... access to Thermo Scientific BRAHMS PCT (Procalcitonin), a biomarker ... to diagnose systemic bacterial infection and sepsis and in ... in assessing the risk of critically ill patients for ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , Dec. 7, 2016   Veridium ... announced the appointment of new CEO James ... executive with decades of experience, has served in ... Cisco, where he specialized in expanding a pipeline ... technology portfolios. He most recently served as managing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)... , Jan. 17, 2017  Protagonist Therapeutics, Inc. ... it has initiated a global Phase 2b induction ... peptide that targets alpha4beta7 integrin. The aim of ... to evaluate the safety/tolerability and efficacy of PTG-100 ... moderate to severe active disease. ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... , Jan. 16, 2017  Eurofins Genomics today announced ... allow more customers to receive their primers in a ... compromise in quality found with other providers. Express oligos ... States at no additional fee. ... genetic studies, including DNA sequencing, genotyping, site-directed mutagenesis, and ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... January 13, 2017 , ... Two Kalamazoo entrepreneurs have ... fulvic acid that farms, greenhouses and hydroponics operations use to increase yields and ... fastest growing segments of customers using this high grade fulvic acid extracted from ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... January 12, 2017 , ... ... of performing routine electrochemical biosensing has increased dramatically. Primarily driven by the ... and quantification of various analytes in complex samples. , Screen-printed ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: