HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Radiation-resistant organism reveals its defense strategies

Rehovot, Israel January 9, 2003 Weizmann Institute scientists have found what makes the bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans the most radiation-resistant organism in the world: The microbe's DNA is packed tightly into a ring. The findings, published in the January 10 issue of Science, solve a mystery that has long engaged the scientific community.

The red bacterium can withstand 1.5 million rads a thousand times more than any other life form on Earth and three thousand that of humans. Its healthy appetite has made it a reliable worker at nuclear waste sites, where it eats up nuclear waste and transforms it into more disposable derivatives. The ability to withstand other extreme stresses, such as dehydration and low temperatures, makes the microbe one of the few life forms found on the North Pole. It is not surprising, then, that it has been the source of much curiosity worldwide, recently leading to a debate between NASA and Russian scientists the latter saying that it originated on Mars, where radiation levels are higher.

Since DNA is the first part of a cell to be damaged by radiation and the most lethal damage is the breakage of both DNA strands, scientists have focused on DNA repair mechanisms to find the answer to the microbe's resilience. Cells, including human cells, can mend only very few such breaks in their DNA. Microbes, for example, can repair only three to five. Yet D. radiodurans can fix more than 200. Thus scientists believed that the microbe must possess uniquely effective enzymes that repair DNA. However, a series of experiments showed that the microbe's repair enzymes were very similar to those existing in ordinary bacteria.

Using an assortment of optical and electron microscopy methods, Prof. Avi Minsky of the Weizmann Institute of Sciences Organic Chemistry Department found that the microbe's DNA is organized in a unique ring that prevents pieces of DNA broken by radiation from floating off into the cell's liqu
'"/>

Contact: Jeffrey J. Sussman
Jeffrey@acwis.org
212-895-7951
American Committee for the Weizmann Institute of Science
9-Jan-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists sequence genome of kind of organism central to biospheres carbon cycle
2. Unicellular organisms contribute more nitrogen to ocean that reported earlier
3. NHGRI adds 18 organisms to sequencing pipeline
4. Fish no exception to trend in marine-organism disease
5. Scientists urge caution when releasing engineered organisms into environment
6. Marsupial among model organisms next in line for sequencing
7. Study of primitive life form expected to provide clues to biological processes in higher organisms
8. Workshop takes systems view of information processing in organisms
9. Scientists determine identity, cell locale and quantity of nearly all proteins in an organism
10. UC Riverside to convene conference on genetically modified organisms, Oct. 14-17, 2003
11. Stay-at-home microbes: New study finds micro-organisms more complicated than we thought

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Radiation resistant organism reveals its defense strategies

(Date:7/31/2015)... , Kina, 31. juli 2015 Den 10. ... afholdt af BGI fra den 22. - 25. oktober i ... Konferencen fejrer sin 10-års fødselsdag i år. Siden starten ... indflydelsesrige årlige møder på ,omik,-feltet, og er en af ... ICG-10 fokuserer på nylige gennembrud og fremskridt ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... , 31 de julio de 2015 ... (ICG-10,  www.icg-10.org ) del 22 al 25 de octubre ... La conferencia celebra su décimo aniversario este ... convertido en una de las reuniones anuales más influyentes ... es una de las conferencias científicas más dinámicas, entusiastas ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... China , 31 de julho de 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... (ICG-10, www.icg-10.org ) será realizada pela BGI de 22-25 ... . A conferência está celebrando seu ... em 2006, a ICG se tornou uma das reuniões ... um dos encontros científicos mais dinâmicos, entusiastas e prazerosos. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Den 10. internationale konference om Genomics (ICG-10) åbner i oktober 2La 10ª Conferencia Internacional sobre Genómica (ICG-10) comienza en octubre 2La 10ª Conferencia Internacional sobre Genómica (ICG-10) comienza en octubre 3A 10a. Conferência Internacional sobre Genômica (ICG-10) será em outubro 2A 10a. Conferência Internacional sobre Genômica (ICG-10) será em outubro 3
(Date:7/31/2015)... July 31, 2015 In today,s fast ... help them drive positive health outcomes, improve profitability ... of patient care in their communities. At ThoughtSpot ... and conference, AmerisourceBergen announced a new set of ... Administration Organization and help independent pharmacies endure the ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... ... analysis and premium industry insights on the global resorcinol industry. The report highlights ... study of vivid market scenarios and analysis of primary and secondary inputs from ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... 31, 2015 China Cord Blood Corporation (NYSE: ... leading provider of cord blood collection, laboratory testing, ... today announced that the Company has filed its Annual ... Exchange Commission. The filed Form 20-F includes audited financial ... The Form 20-F can be accessed by visiting the ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... R-Biopharm is ... of partially hydrolyzed gluten in foods, has been accepted by AOAC International as ... Hydrolyzed Gluten in Fermented Cereal-Based Products by R5 Competitive ELISA,” based on a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:AmerisourceBergen Unveils Suite of Enhanced Capabilities for Independent Pharmacies at ThoughtSpot 2015 2AmerisourceBergen Unveils Suite of Enhanced Capabilities for Independent Pharmacies at ThoughtSpot 2015 3Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 2Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 3Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 4China Cord Blood Corporation Files Its Annual Report on Form 20-F 2RIDASCREEN® Competitve Gliadin Receives AOAC Official First Action Status 2
Cached News: