HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Research reveals use of tree rings and ocean temperature shifts in anticipating megadroughts

Not long ago, conventional wisdom was that you couldn't predict the climate for more than a few days in advance. Then came the awareness of El Nio and La Nia and the forecast window increased to as much as 6 to 9 months, depending on the region and season. But a forthcoming study in the Geophysical Research Letters suggests that opposing shifts in Tropical Pacific and North Atlantic Ocean temperatures may foretell persistence of disastrous, multiyear droughts across the North American continent.

Forecasts longer than the 6 to 9 months typical today, if possible, would rely on two principles: the well-defined relationship between temperatures in the upper one meter of the ocean, so-called sea surface temperatures, and precipitation on land. The second principle is the ocean's thermal inertia. Once an ocean basin begins to cool or warm anomalously, it generally tends to stay that way for several years and even decades. If these slow shifts in ocean regime can be identified in their early stages, then perhaps they can used to assess the probability of disastrous, multiyear droughts across the North American continent and elsewhere.

In this light, the study published today evaluates multidecadal, precipitation variability across a network of 750-year-long tree-ring chronologies from the central and southern Rockies. The study suggests that the Great Plains, the Rockies, and the Southwest are stricken by the same 'megadrought' when for multiple years the tropical Pacific turns cold at the same time that the North Atlantic warms. The geographic scale of such megadroughts is determined by the failure of winter (November-March), early summer (May-June) and mid- to late summer (July-September) precipitation, each of which has specific links to tropical Pacific and North Atlantic sea surface temperatures.

A team of researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey, University of Wyoming and Middlebury College (Vermont) analyzed precipitation changes occurri
'"/>

Contact: Julio Betancourt
jlbetanc@usgs.gov
520-670-6821
United States Geological Survey
14-Feb-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Schepens Eye Research Institute receives Roadmap grant to develop center for curing eye diseases
4. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
5. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
6. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
7. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
8. Environmental issues center of Inland Northwest Research Alliance 4th Annual Symposium
9. Research suggests new avenue for stopping, preventing colon cancer
10. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
11. Research on carbohydrate metabolism receives historical recognition

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/20/2014)... of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half ... of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, ... , Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels ... substances. , Pregnant teens, regardless of pica, are at ... iron deficiency and anemia. Low iron in pregnant teens ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... , Aug. 20, 2014 /CNW/ -  Issue ... and can quickly become life threatening for some children.    ... as 1.2 million Canadians have food allergies and this number ... cent of children are estimated to have food allergies.  ... mild skin irritations and hives to breathing difficulties and loss ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... WORCESTER, MA Using population-based screening outcomes of approximately ... states, including four researchers at the University of Massachusetts ... combined immunodeficiency (SCID) can be successfully implemented across public ... programs published in the Aug. 20 issue of the ... JAMA ) showed the rate of SCID in newborns ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron 2Information Update - Allergens and food safety at school - What's in your child's lunch? 2Information Update - Allergens and food safety at school - What's in your child's lunch? 3Newborn screening expansion offers early diagnosis and treatment to infants with SCID 2Newborn screening expansion offers early diagnosis and treatment to infants with SCID 3
(Date:8/19/2014)... , Aug. 19, 2014 CSSi, the leader ... recently announced the formation of the company,s Medical and ... the addition of Dr. William E. Gannon, Jr. ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140818/136957 The MCAB, with Dr. ... of therapeutic areas and set strategic goals for the ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... 19, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - iCo Therapeutics Inc. ("iCo" or ... results of its Oral Amphotericin B (Oral Amp ... study, conducted by ImmuneCarta®, the immune monitoring business ... effectiveness of Oral Amp B in reactivating latent ... despite intensive treatment with antiretroviral therapy. ...
(Date:8/18/2014)... Tampa, FL (Aug. 18, 2014) -- A new ... South Florida (USF) Morsani College of Medicine and ... the life-threatening complications of interventional cardiovascular disease treatment. ... model that the novel molecular therapy could selectively ... healing following a medical procedure using a balloon ...
(Date:8/18/2014)... Aug. 18, 2014   Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein & ... Washington, DC , announced today that ... Review (IPR) with the U.S. Patent and Trademark ... of BioReference Laboratories, Inc. (Nasdaq: BRLI).  These IPR petitions ... by Myriad Genetics, Inc. These patents have been asserted ...
Breaking Biology Technology:CSSi Appoints Dr. William E. Gannon, Jr. to Newly Formed Medical and Clinical Advisory Board 2CSSi Appoints Dr. William E. Gannon, Jr. to Newly Formed Medical and Clinical Advisory Board 3iCo Therapeutics Announces Positive Oral Amphotericin B Study Results 2iCo Therapeutics Announces Positive Oral Amphotericin B Study Results 3Selective therapy may improve artery repair after interventional cardiovascular procedures 2Selective therapy may improve artery repair after interventional cardiovascular procedures 3Sterne Kessler Files 11 IPR Petitions On Behalf Of GeneDx, Inc., Subsidiary Of BioReference Laboratories, Inc. 2Sterne Kessler Files 11 IPR Petitions On Behalf Of GeneDx, Inc., Subsidiary Of BioReference Laboratories, Inc. 3
Cached News: