HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers closer to defining function of two proteins involved in neurotransmitter release

DALLAS Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas are a step closer to defining the function of two proteins involved in neurotransmitter release, which initiates communication between neurons in the brain.

Findings from the two-part study, published in todays issue of Nature, provides new insight in understanding how the brain functions, which ultimately has broad implications for the development of drug therapy to treat neurological diseases such as Alzheimers and Parkinsons, as well as learning and memory disorders.

This is pure, fundamental research, said Dr. Thomas Sdhof, director of the Center for Basic Neuroscience at UT Southwestern and senior author of the first part of the study. It is essential for understanding various diseases of the nervous system. The premise of our work is the understanding of neurotransmitter release, which is a necessity for understanding brain function and how the brain works.

The researchers bred mice that lacked the brain proteins RIM1a or Rab3A. In part one of the study, the researchers report a change in short-term plasticity in the mice lacking the RIM1α protein compared to other types of mutant mice. In part two of the study, the researchers report a correlation between the RIM1a protein and long-term plasticity. The terms short- and long-term plasticity refer to changes that occur during neurotransmitter release.

We found that the mice lacking the protein were still viable, but there were some deficits in short-term plasticity when changes occur at the synapses for a short period of time. The strength of synaptic transmission determines how we process information. It affects everything from memory to thinking and feeling, said Dr. Susanne Schoch, a postdoctoral research fellow and lead author of the two-part study.

We also found that RIM1a has a central function in neurotransmitter release and is required for long-term plasticity, which is similar to short-term
'"/>

Contact: Amy Shields
Amy.Shields@UTSouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center
16-Jan-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/16/2015)... , June 16, 2015 Fingerprint Cards ... fingerprint sensors in the company,s portfolio from one of its ... planned to mainly take place during the third quarter 2015. ... Asia . Jörgen Lantto, CEO of ...   the   growing interest from smartphone OEMs in integrating ...
(Date:6/15/2015)... YORK , June 15, 2015 ... today from Telstra reveals the majority of US consumers using ... them via biometrics, such as fingerprint and voiceprint, instead of ... According to Telstra,s " Mobile Identity   - ... " report, with smartphones now the primary channel used ...
(Date:6/11/2015)... , June 11, 2015 Daon, ... announced today that its IdentityX Mobile Authentication Platform ... IDentity Online) Alliance is an industry consortium launched ... standards for simpler, stronger authentication.  In order to ... pass a rigorous series of tests that measure ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FPC Receives Order for Touch Fingerprint Sensors of 375 MSEK 2One in Four US Consumers Would Share Their DNA With Their Bank to Secure Financial and Personal Information, Telstra Report Finds 2One in Four US Consumers Would Share Their DNA With Their Bank to Secure Financial and Personal Information, Telstra Report Finds 3One in Four US Consumers Would Share Their DNA With Their Bank to Secure Financial and Personal Information, Telstra Report Finds 4Daon's IdentityX Mobile Authentication Platform One of First Products to be Certified by FIDO Alliance 2
(Date:7/1/2015)... 2015 InferMed , ... will augment ... clinical s olutions suite   Elsevier ... products and services, announced today the acquisition of  InferMed , ... technology company. InferMed,s Arezzo technology supports clinicians in ...
(Date:7/1/2015)... 1, 2015  UCB, a multinational biopharmaceutical company, ... leader in designing, transforming, and running intelligent business ... recognition of their close collaboration in driving transformation ... business services (GBS) finance organization. The ... that work together effectively to embrace the innovative ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... - Resverlogix Corp. ("Resverlogix") (TSX:RVX) announced today that ... approved the resolutions relating to: (i) a private ... at a price of $2.67 per unit (the ... one common share and 0.075358 common share purchase ... and (ii) the amendment to Resverlogix,s articles to ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... BOSTON , June 30, 2015  Juniper ... company focused on developing therapeutics that address unmet ... CFO George Elston will present at ... , Wednesday, July 8, 2015Time: , 4:45 PM ... NYWebcast (live & archive): , www.juniperpharma.com, under  ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 2Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 3Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 4UCB and Genpact Receive Aecus Innovation Award for Success in Global Business Services 2UCB and Genpact Receive Aecus Innovation Award for Success in Global Business Services 3UCB and Genpact Receive Aecus Innovation Award for Success in Global Business Services 4UCB and Genpact Receive Aecus Innovation Award for Success in Global Business Services 5Resverlogix Corp. Shareholders Approve Matters Relating to Licensing and Equity Arrangement 2Resverlogix Corp. Shareholders Approve Matters Relating to Licensing and Equity Arrangement 3Juniper Pharmaceuticals to Present at Cantor Fitzgerald Inaugural Healthcare Conference on July 8, 2015 2
Cached News: