HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers create DNA 'nanocircles' to probe the mystery of aging in human cells

A new form of nanotechnology developed at Stanford University may lead to a better understanding of the life and death of human cells.

Writing in the Nov. 18 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Stanford researchers described how newly created circles of synthetic DNA - called "nanocircles" - could help researchers learn more about the aging process in cells.

"In the long run, we have this dream of making laboratory cells live longer," said Eric Kool, a professor of chemistry at Stanford and co-author of the PNAS study. "We thought of this pie-in-the-sky idea several years ago, and we've been working toward it ever since."

All cells carry chromosomes - large molecules of double-stranded DNA that are capped off by single-strand sequences called telomeres. In their study, the research team successfully used synthetic nanocircles to lengthen telomeres in the test tube.

"The telomere is the time clock that tells a cell how long it can divide before it dies," Kool noted. "The consensus is that the length of the telomere helps determine how long a cell population will live, so if you can make telomeres longer, you could have some real biological effect on the lifespan of the cell. These results suggest the possibility that, one day, we may be able to make cells live longer by this approach."

Cellular death
Human telomeres consist of chemical clusters called "base pairs" that are strung together in a specific sequence known by the initials TTAGGG. This sequence is repeated several thousand times along the length of the telomere. But each time a cell divides during its normal lifecycle, its telomeres are shortened by about 100 base pairs until all cell division finally comes to a halt.

"Suddenly there's a switch in the cell that says, 'It's time to stop dividing,'" Kool explained. "It's still not completely clear how that works, but it is clear that once telomeres reach the critically short length of 3
'"/>

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University
19-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/12/2015)... , Aug. 12, 2015  New research unveiled ... attack Android phones to steal users, fingerprints. Information ... availability of fingerprint scanners on mobile devices, making ... To secure biometrics on mobile devices, HYPR Corp. ... these convenient authentication systems with strong cryptographic security. ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... , Aug. 6, 2015  Today, U.S. Congressman ... Crossmatch ™ to learn firsthand how Silicon ... data. Crossmatch is a world leader in multi-factor ... expertise are helping federal agencies and commercial organizations ...   "The vast majority of network ...
(Date:8/5/2015)... 2015 The biosensors market is proving highly ... into newer sectors, and development of devices resulting in ... has seen the entry of multiple participants each year ... (Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150805/255570 ) ... the Global Biosensors Market ( http://www.frost.com/nee9 ), finds ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):HYPR Corp. Addresses Android Vulnerability That Exposes Ecosystem-wide Biometric Security Challenges 2HYPR Corp. Addresses Android Vulnerability That Exposes Ecosystem-wide Biometric Security Challenges 3Rep. Honda to Visit Crossmatch in Redwood City 2Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 2Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 3Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 4
(Date:8/27/2015)... , Aug. 27, 2015  Neogen Corporation (NASDAQ: ... stock of United Kingdom -based Lab ... culture media and diagnostic systems. Lab ... a leading provider of microbial testing and diagnostic products ... markets. The company currently sells into more than 70 ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... -- HUYA Bioscience International (HUYA) today announced the sponsorship of ... HTLV-1, held this week at the University of Tokyo ... is to promote research on HTLV-1 and HTLV-1-associated diseases, ... research related to these fields to advance science, the ... to support this prestigious conference," said Mireille Gillings ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... Proove ... new data on the relationship of genetics and hypertension at the International ... Disease in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The event, which boasts an extensive overview ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , Aug. 26, 2015  The Diabetes ... the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, ... clinical trial to test for the first time ... successfully completed.  This FDA approved Phase I/II study ... transplantation and is an important first step toward ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Neogen acquires U.K.-based Lab M Holdings 2HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 2HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 3HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 4Proove Biosciences Presents Ground-Breaking Data on Genetics and Heart Disease at 20th World Congress on Heart Disease 2Proove Biosciences Presents Ground-Breaking Data on Genetics and Heart Disease at 20th World Congress on Heart Disease 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 2Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 4
Cached News: