HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers create DNA 'nanocircles' to probe the mystery of aging in human cells

A new form of nanotechnology developed at Stanford University may lead to a better understanding of the life and death of human cells.

Writing in the Nov. 18 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Stanford researchers described how newly created circles of synthetic DNA - called "nanocircles" - could help researchers learn more about the aging process in cells.

"In the long run, we have this dream of making laboratory cells live longer," said Eric Kool, a professor of chemistry at Stanford and co-author of the PNAS study. "We thought of this pie-in-the-sky idea several years ago, and we've been working toward it ever since."

All cells carry chromosomes - large molecules of double-stranded DNA that are capped off by single-strand sequences called telomeres. In their study, the research team successfully used synthetic nanocircles to lengthen telomeres in the test tube.

"The telomere is the time clock that tells a cell how long it can divide before it dies," Kool noted. "The consensus is that the length of the telomere helps determine how long a cell population will live, so if you can make telomeres longer, you could have some real biological effect on the lifespan of the cell. These results suggest the possibility that, one day, we may be able to make cells live longer by this approach."

Cellular death
Human telomeres consist of chemical clusters called "base pairs" that are strung together in a specific sequence known by the initials TTAGGG. This sequence is repeated several thousand times along the length of the telomere. But each time a cell divides during its normal lifecycle, its telomeres are shortened by about 100 base pairs until all cell division finally comes to a halt.

"Suddenly there's a switch in the cell that says, 'It's time to stop dividing,'" Kool explained. "It's still not completely clear how that works, but it is clear that once telomeres reach the critically short length of 3
'"/>

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University
19-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/22/2014)... -- Leading identity analyst firm Acuity Market Intelligence forecasts that ... will have a chip-based National eID card, including near-complete ... Asia , with its vast population, is ... 60% of all National eID cards issued between 2014 ... National eID Industry Report: 2014 Edition" — ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... Berlin, 19th October 2014 Psychological stress and stress-related ... for aging-related diseases, but the molecular mechanisms ... mechanisms may contribute to the development of ... treatments for these devastating diseases. This work ... Neuropsychopharmacology congress in Berlin., Now an international ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... – Accurate knowledge regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent ... of hazardous global outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, ... a special issue, Ebola Virus and Public Health, to ... knowledge in this critical societal moment. , On ... Ebola for Clinicians . The primer was prepared by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Half the World's Population Will Have Chip-Based National Electronic Identity (eID) Cards by 2018 2Researchers find why depression and aging linked to increased disease risk 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQCM: ORMP) ... the development of oral drug delivery systems, announced today ... present at FireRock Capital,s Micro-Cap Conference. ... Tuesday, October 28, 2014 ,Time: 9:15am EST ,Location: The ... , About The FireRock Conference  ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... , Oct 24, 2014 Research ... "Epigenetics Market by Product , Research Area & ... report to their offering. In this ... basis of products, research areas, and end users. The ... report are enzymes, instruments & consumables, kits, and reagents. ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... BOSTON , Oct. 22, 2014  Actavis plc ... pharmaceutical company, and Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company, today announced ... acquire Rhythm,s wholly owned subsidiary, Rhythm Health, Inc., which ... the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis and other GI functional ... Phase 2 trial of relamorelin for the treatment of ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Massachusetts (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... announced the release of a new infographic, Understanding ... to create a beautifully designed, easy to follow informative ... transmission, areas of outbreak, symptoms and prevention. , "As ... discovered that the 2014 Ebola outbreak represents not only ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Oramed to Present at the FireRock Annual Micro-Cap Conference 2Oramed to Present at the FireRock Annual Micro-Cap Conference 3Global Epigenetics (VLA, WBA, NBA, RTA, Rotary-Wing Aircraft) Market - Forecast to 2019 2Global Epigenetics (VLA, WBA, NBA, RTA, Rotary-Wing Aircraft) Market - Forecast to 2019 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 2Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 4Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 5Involution Studios' Ebola Infographic Provides Key Disease Information and Statistics at a Glance 2
Cached News: