HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers create DNA 'nanocircles' to probe the mystery of aging in human cells

A new form of nanotechnology developed at Stanford University may lead to a better understanding of the life and death of human cells.

Writing in the Nov. 18 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Stanford researchers described how newly created circles of synthetic DNA - called "nanocircles" - could help researchers learn more about the aging process in cells.

"In the long run, we have this dream of making laboratory cells live longer," said Eric Kool, a professor of chemistry at Stanford and co-author of the PNAS study. "We thought of this pie-in-the-sky idea several years ago, and we've been working toward it ever since."

All cells carry chromosomes - large molecules of double-stranded DNA that are capped off by single-strand sequences called telomeres. In their study, the research team successfully used synthetic nanocircles to lengthen telomeres in the test tube.

"The telomere is the time clock that tells a cell how long it can divide before it dies," Kool noted. "The consensus is that the length of the telomere helps determine how long a cell population will live, so if you can make telomeres longer, you could have some real biological effect on the lifespan of the cell. These results suggest the possibility that, one day, we may be able to make cells live longer by this approach."

Cellular death
Human telomeres consist of chemical clusters called "base pairs" that are strung together in a specific sequence known by the initials TTAGGG. This sequence is repeated several thousand times along the length of the telomere. But each time a cell divides during its normal lifecycle, its telomeres are shortened by about 100 base pairs until all cell division finally comes to a halt.

"Suddenly there's a switch in the cell that says, 'It's time to stop dividing,'" Kool explained. "It's still not completely clear how that works, but it is clear that once telomeres reach the critically short length of 3
'"/>

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University
19-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/14/2014)... the planet,s leading questions is how to produce enough ... climate. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United ... the next 40 years to feed a growing global ... necessary rise in food production. Plants—grains, cereals, fruits, ... livestock. Current research must tap into our knowledge ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... CA – October 14, 2014 – Scientists from The ... from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to lead ... virus-induced hemorrhagic fever disease in Africa. The study aims ... why some patients die, while others survive the inflection. ... understand the basic mechanism of how Lassa fever virus ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... likely takes between 10 and 20 years to ... window" of intervention if detected early, which may ... say Australian clinical researchers. , Dr Jeremy ... Institute of Medical Research, analysed medical histories and ... pancreatic cancer patients, operated on between 1994 and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Building a bridge from basic botany to applied agriculture 2Building a bridge from basic botany to applied agriculture 3Scripps Research Institute team receives $6.6 million to investigate deadly Lassa virus 2Early detection window when pancreatic cancer is in the family 2
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market report defines and ... and forecast of revenue. This market is estimated to ... by 2019, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) ... the TOC of the Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market report ... It also provides a glimpse of the segmentation in ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... (PRWEB) October 19, 2014 The ... (Short Acting, Intermediate Acting, Premixed), Modern Human Insulin ... Apidra, Levemir, NovoRapid, Novomix, Tresiba, Others) - Forecast ... major drivers, restraints, challenges, opportunities, current market trends, ... along with the estimates and forecasts of the ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... (PRWEB) October 18, 2014 The Asia-Pacific ... and segments the concerned market in Asia-Pacific with analysis ... $72.6 million in 2013, and is expected to reach ... from 2013 to 2018. , Browse through the TOC ... an idea of the in-depth analysis provided. This also ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... The “Global Diagnostic Electrocardiograph (ECG) ... End-user (Hospitals, Home/Ambulatory, Research Center, Physician Office, Nursing ... Forecast to 2020” provides a detailed overview of ... trends, and strategies impacting the global diagnostic ECG ... the revenue and share analysis. , The global ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5
Cached News: