HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers describe long-perplexing 'magic spot' on bacteria

COLUMBUS, Ohio Scientists have unraveled the behavior of one key component of bacteria, a finding that may lead to better, more effective antibiotics.

The researchers studied a mechanism of action they call the "magic spot" an important regulator of gene expression. They describe their results in the current issue of the journal Cell.

Researchers know that the magic spot a molecule known as guanosine-tetraphosphate or ppGpp is involved in how bacteria respond to amino acid starvation. More recently, researchers have discovered that ppGpp is an important part of pathogens that cause illnesses such as cholera and Legionnaires' disease.

A cell makes ppGpp when amino acid levels are low.

"Microbiologists have wondered for a half-century how this small molecule with a relatively simple structure could have such a profound effect on regulating a cell's survival," said Irina Artsimovitch, a study co-author and an assistant professor of microbiology at Ohio State University. She collaborated on this work with study lead author Dmitry Vassylyev, of the RIKEN Institute in Japan.

ppGpp controls what researchers call the "stringent response" a condition of nutritional starvation. When amino acid pools in a cell are exhausted, ppGpp accumulates and shuts down the synthesis of new proteins. The cell goes dormant until amino acid levels return to normal.

By learning the structure of ppGpp and how it interacts with the enzyme RNA polymerase the main enzyme that controls gene expression in a cell the researchers were able to describe in detail the "magic" behind the magic spot, Artsimovitch said.

"This study sheds a good deal of light on the inner workings of the molecular machinery that carries out gene expression in bacteria," she said. "Knowing this can serve as a basis for a new type of antibiotics.

In related work reported in a recent issue of the Journal of Bacteriology, Artsimovitch led a team of researche
'"/>

Contact: Irina Artsimovitch
Artsimovitch.1@osu.edu
614-292-6777
Ohio State University
29-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Researchers describe long perplexing magic spot bacteria

(Date:10/15/2014)... ability to assess the pandemic risk from strains of ... must not allow ourselves to become complacent that the ... consortium of scientists. , Influenza pandemics arise when a ... to develop widespread immunity – spreads in the human ... past 100 years, the worst of which – the ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video of ... on Monday October 13 th . Gino ... and angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi rang ... NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their work and dedication ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Ohio (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing ... model airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important ... only breathe but to enhance the sense of smell ... ,nosy, animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3
(Date:10/25/2014)... October 24, 2014 Today, Nerium International, ... the winners of its “Reflect Your Youth” contest, an ... only seen a difference in their skin since using ... new outlook on life as a result of their ... as an effort by Nerium International to inspire conversations ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... YORK , Oct. 24, 2014 ... Inc. (ACCP), a biopharmaceutical company advancing patient care ... 1-for-50 reverse split of its common stock effective ... 24, 2014. PlasmaTech,s common stock will trade on ... and temporary ticker symbol "ACCPD". After 20 days, ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 New test innovations ... in vitro diagnostic (IVD) test industry, especially as companies ... market researcher listed more than 25 testing innovations in ... the future of IVD products. Kalorama details the new approaches ... Worldwide Market for In Vitro Diagnostic Tests , ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments introduces its Open ... the pain management and clinical markets. The software increases ... by allowing users to highlight and review results that ... allows analysts to filter results by group or based ... eliminating the need to sift through analytes of no ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Nerium International™ Inspires Conversation About the Journey of Aging with “Reflect Your Youth” Contest 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Reverse Stock Split, Ticker Change and Launches New Corporate Website 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 2Report: Radical New IVD Test Approaches Key To Growth 3Shimadzu Releases QuantAnalytics Open Access LCMS Software Package for Clinical Applications 2
Cached News: