HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers discover new mechanism that targets and destroys abnormal RNA

c diseases in which mutations cause premature termination of protein production.

A specific example is the testing of drugs called aminoglycosides to treat cystic fibrosis and other diseases caused by premature termination codons, said Dietz. The idea is that these drugs would allow read-through of such codons, to generate adequate levels of full-length functional proteins. Unfortunately, these drugs have not performed very well, he said.

Our studies of the effects of one such drug on yeast indicate that this read-through generates mRNAs that trigger the nonstop decay mechanism to degrade them, said Dietz. This finding offers the promise that drugs that inhibit nonstop decay might enable aminoglycoside drugs to function as effective treatments for some genetic diseases.

Termination codons are present in about one-third of human disease genes, representing literally thousands of genes, said Dietz. So this dual-drug treatment strategy could be relevant to a large number of human disorders, including cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy.

In the second Science paper, lead author Ambro van Hoof, in Parkers laboratory, did experiments that revealed the specific cellular machinery that produces nonstop decay. According to Parker, those experiments showed that a multi-enzyme complex called the exosome is important for nonstop decay.

The exosome is a collection of enzymes called exonucleases that snip apart RNA molecules. In their experiments, van Hoof, Parker and their colleagues set out to see if the exosome was involved in nonstop mRNA decay.

It was known that the exosome was involved in a variety of RNA degradation processes in the cell, probably controlled through specific adapters, although we really dont understand the mechanisms well, said Parker. According to Parker, the adapter protein, which is attached to the exosome, somehow recognizes the nonstop RNA and attaches to the ribosome.

Parker, van Hoof
'"/>

Contact: Jim Keeley
keeleyj@hhmi.org
301-215-8858
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
21-Mar-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/29/2014)... as ,facultative, form part—together with other cells—of tissues and ... from the others. However, they have a very special ... cells again. This phenomenon is something that happens in ... tissue growth, thus allowing the regeneration of the organ ... the underlying mechanism that allows these cells to retain ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... organisms in the living world compete with members ... in how much they invest into their competitive ... to get access to high-quality resources, while others ... of the lower-quality resources that are left over ... animal and human societies seems to fluctuate considerably ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... of kidney cancer patients in Europe sheds light on ... an apparent link between exposure to aristolochic acid and ... research, by an international team led by scientists from ... Montreal, underscores the importance of investigating possible sources of ... of the Aristolochia genus, also has been suspected of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):A mechanism that allows a differentiated cell to reactivate as a stem cell revealed 2Evolution of competitiveness 2Evolution of competitiveness 3Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 2Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 3
(Date:10/30/2014)... October 30, 2014 SoundConnect ... provider, offers Office 365 end users the key ... complete phone system by adding voice enablement and ... includes Lync Online, a communication tool that includes ... With hosted voice, O365 becomes a comprehensive unified ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... (PRWEB) October 30, 2014 Whitehouse Laboratories ... its ICH Stability Testing and Package Test Capacity. Responding ... centers on a dramatic increase in environmental chamber storage ... stability, storage and aging samples to be securely held ... this major capital expenditure has already taken place with ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... -- A new report, commissioned by BioCrossroads and conducted ... look at Indiana,s capital market ... different time frames: 1993 to 2002 and 2003 to ... for investment growth.  The Life Science Innovation Capital ... in innovation dollars as well as an increase in ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... North Carolina (PRWEB) October 27, 2014 ... invited earlier this month to sit down with Bryan Hamilton, ... from RPG Solutions to discuss talent in the Research Triangle ... topics that were highlighted at the roundtable include ... the Triangle, the significance of work/life balance and the unique ...
Breaking Biology Technology:SoundConnect Launches Voice Enablement and Hybrid Audio Conferencing for Office 365 2SoundConnect Launches Voice Enablement and Hybrid Audio Conferencing for Office 365 3Whitehouse Labs Announces Major Capital Investment in Stability and Storage Testing Capacity 2Whitehouse Labs Announces Major Capital Investment in Stability and Storage Testing Capacity 3New report shows Indiana's gains in life sciences innovation capital outpace the nation 2New report shows Indiana's gains in life sciences innovation capital outpace the nation 3New report shows Indiana's gains in life sciences innovation capital outpace the nation 4New report shows Indiana's gains in life sciences innovation capital outpace the nation 5Personify's Ryan Carfley Talks Recruiting with Triangle Business Journal, RPG Solutions 2Personify's Ryan Carfley Talks Recruiting with Triangle Business Journal, RPG Solutions 3
Cached News: