Researchers discover new vein of cancer-fighting agents

Canstantin inhibits new blood vessel growth, suppresses renal, prostate tumor growth in mice

BOSTON--Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have discovered a potent new substance that thwarts tumor growth by blocking the formation and growth of new blood vessels. The naturally occurring protein is named "canstatin" for its potential cancer-halting abilities.

In a mouse model of human prostate cancer, canstatin was as effective at less than half the dose as the well-known angiogenic inhibitor endostatin in halting the growth of tumors. In mice models of renal cancer, canstatin stopped the growth or slightly shrank tumors to as much as one-fourth the size of tumors in mice treated with a placebo. The paper is published in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry (published online Jan. 7 at www.jbc.org ).

This is the first in a series of new angiogenic inhibitors discovered in the blood vessel wall by BIDMC researcher Raghu Kalluri and his colleagues. In addition to its preliminary promise as a cancer-fighting agent, canstatin is also relatively easy to produce in quantities that will be necessary for human clinical trials, which may begin in one or two years after further preclinical testing.

"Tumors are highly dependent on new blood vessels for their growth, and canstatin appears to stop the division of endothelial cells as they begin multiplying to form new blood vessels," says Kalluri, who is also an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. "The agent stops them from multiplying by inducing programmed cell death only in the dividing cells, not in the non-dividing endothelial cells in established blood vessels. The tumor stops growing because it doesn't get any new blood supply or nutrients."

During the process of angiogenesis, endothelial cells that line inside of the blood vessel divide, move through the surr

Contact: Carol Cruzan Morton
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:

(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 NXT-ID, ... security technology company, announces the appointment of independent Directors Mr. ... to its Board of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate ... ... NXT-ID, we look forward to their guidance and benefiting from ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... KEY FINDINGS The global market for stem ... 25.76% during the forecast period of 2017-2025. The rise ... growth of the stem cell market. Download ... The global stem cell market is segmented on the ... cell market of the product is segmented into adult ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong ... identification by adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching ... and accuracy for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security ... ... A research team led by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... 09, 2017 , ... The Giving Tree Wellness Center announces ... needs of consumers who are incorporating medical marijuana into their wellness and health ... As operators of two successful Valley dispensaries, The Giving Tree’s two founders, Lilach ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... consulting for microscopy and surface analysis, Nanoscience Instruments is now expanding into ... a broad range of contract analysis services for advanced applications. Services will ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... Oct. 6, 2017  The 2017 Nobel Prize ... scientists, Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and ... cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) have helped to ... structural biology community. The winners worked with systems ... routinely produce highly resolved, three-dimensional images of protein ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... D.C. (PRWEB) , ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... will host a lunch discussion and webinar on INSIGhT, the first-ever adaptive clinical ... Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. The event is free and open to the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: