Researchers go fishing, pull out antigens

Researchers at National Jewish Medical and Research Center have developed a method for finding the molecular targets of the immune system, known as antigens. The method extends a widely used technique, called library display, to more complex proteins. It could have broad applications in biological and medical research. The research team, led by National Jewish and Howard Hughes Medical Institute immunologist John W. Kappler, Ph.D., is already collaborating with teams looking for causes of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis, developing cancer vaccines, and understanding the molecular triggers of chronic beryllium disease. The technique is described in the April 2004 issue of PloS Biology (www.plosbiology.org), a publication of the Public Library of Science.

"Our technique allows us to fish in a vast library of protein fragments for the specific ones that bind to T cells and trigger an immune-system attack," said Dr. Kappler. "We believe that researchers using this technique will extend its usefulness beyond T-cells and antigens to interactions involving a wide variety of biologically important proteins."

T cells are the sentinels of the immune system. Millions of T cells circulate in the body looking for infectious organisms or other foreign invaders. Each T cell carries a receptor that can recognize a specific protein fragment. Cells known as antigen-presenting cells display on their surfaces these protein fragments bound to a molecule known as MHC. When a specific T cell encounters a protein-MHC complex its receptor can bind, it becomes activated. That sets off a cascade of events that tells the immune system to attack that protein fragment and the organism it comes from.

In most cases it is very difficult for scientists to determine what protein-MHC complex a particular T-cell receptor binds, and thus where the immune system is aiming its attack. Dr. Kappler, who was one of the original discoverers o

Contact: William Allstetter
National Jewish Medical and Research Center

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:

(Date:7/10/2020)... ... 09, 2020 , ... Today CJ BIO announced the first in a series ... “fifth taste” phenomenon that is revolutionizing ingredient mixes, nutritional content and flavor profiles across ... Monday, July 13, 2020 at11:00 AM (CDT) during SHIFT20, the virtual edition of the ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... SOMERSET, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... July 01, 2020 ... ... today announced that it had completed the purchase of Teva-Takeda Pharmaceuticals’ packaging facility ... with the company’s existing Japanese clinical supply facility located in Kakegawa, the new ...
(Date:6/25/2020)... ... June 24, 2020 , ... ... software and software-driven clinical data services that accelerate drug development, is collaborating with ... an XPO1 inhibitor, in hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19. This is the first ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... eSource has long been touted as the solution ... history of eSource, the reasons it did not take off as quickly as people ... the industry is moving towards capturing data electronically for clinical trials and then repurposing ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... ... “We are thrilled to deliver this new technology to the industry” said ... on the market and we were pleased that the IFT jury recognized that.” reFRESH™ ... creating a natural way to extend the shelf life and improve the safety of ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 09, 2020 , ... In most ... used to suppress pigment formation in zebrafish embryos, maintaining optical transparency to facilitate ... Dr MA has been using the zebrafish model to investigate the causes of ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... , ... June 29, 2020 , ... ... to competitively procured purchasing contracts to its membership, recently named BioFit Engineered ... members with the opportunity to purchase ergonomic seating, cafeteria tables, book trucks and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: