HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Researchers identify molecule crucial to adjusting bodys internal clock

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Is your biological clock out of kilter? Researchers say they have identified an important molecule in the retina-brain pathway that is crucial to adjusting the clock.

In the Nov. 9 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the scientists point a finger at pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP), whose function had been a mystery. In both animal and cellular studies, they found that PACAP works in concert with glutamate, another molecule in the nerve fibers between the retina and hypothalamus, home of the circadian clock.

"This study provides insight as to how the complex external signals that we encounter daily, such as the range of light intensities, are encoded and communicated to the brain," said Martha Gillette, the head of the department of cell and structural biology at the University of Illinois. "Light that you experience at night triggers the release of both glutamate and PACAP. The ratio probably depends on the intensity of the light stimulus."

Gillette's lab in 1994 reported that glutamate adjusts the clock in the presence of light at night. "PACAP fine tunes the glutamate signal," she said. "Together they convey more than just light is present. They encode information about light properties that is taken back to the clock, allowing it to adjust forward or backward appropriately."

The study - funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the Danish Medical Research Council - focused on PACAP after a Danish group discovered that the molecule was localizing in the neural pathway. The question became what was PACAP doing?

"Adding exogenous PACAP together with glutamate had a negative effect on the amplitude of the clock-resetting effect of glutamate, which itself has the same effect on clock-resetting as light under laboratory conditions," Gillette said. "The surprise was that when we used fragments of the PACAP peptide as a control, the res
'"/>

Contact: Jim Barlow, Life Sciences Editor
b-james3@uiuc.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
30-Nov-1999


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Researchers determine genetic cause of Timothy syndrome
2. Researchers find color sensitive atomic switch in bacteria
3. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
4. Researchers devise potent new tools to curb ivory poaching
5. Researchers create nanotubes that change colors, form nanocarpet and kill bacteria
6. Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
7. Researchers develop fast track way to discover how cells are regulated
8. Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
9. Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
10. Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
11. Researchers identify the genomes controlling elements

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/24/2015)... Mar. 24, 2015 Research and Markets ... "Global Iris Recognition Market 2015-2019" report to ... Iris Recognition market to grow at a CAGR of ... report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects ... 2015-2019. To calculate the market size, the report considers ...
(Date:3/24/2015)... Fla. , March 24, 2015   ... management solutions, today announced that its U.are.U ® ... accessory retailer Goorin Bros . to achieve ... biometrics-based solution secures access to the POS terminal, ... increased risk of data breaches. ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... , March 23, 2015  In the 2014 fiscal ... case conviction losses. This figure accounts for a fraction ... to The Nilson Report, exceeds $11 billion globally. The ... after a crime has occurred. Investor Mark Saint ... expert Joe Paolella partnered to administer the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Iris Recognition Market 2015-2019 with 3M Cogent, Bioenable Technologies, Cross Match Technology, Iris ID Systems & Safran Dominating 2Crossmatch Fingerprint Readers Help Retailer Prevent Data Breaches at Point-of-Sale 2Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 2Polygraph Test Now Used to Protect Investors From Fraud 3
(Date:3/30/2015)... -- CASI Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: CASI ), a ... of innovative therapeutics addressing cancer and other unmet medical ... on China , announced today that ... the Company,s application to conduct a Phase 2 global ... for its proprietary drug candidate ENMD-2076.  ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... 30, 2015    Intrexon Corporation (NYSE: ... and Merck Serono, the biopharmaceutical business of Merck ... announced an exclusive strategic collaboration and license agreement ... (CAR-T) cancer therapies. This collaboration advances Merck Serono,s ... modulate the immune system,s natural ability to fight ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... and BELLINGHAM, Washington, USA (PRWEB) March 29, 2015 ... in Europe and the United States and plenary talks ... planned for SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics next ... over 700 technical presentations in 17 conferences alongside a ... for optics and photonics , the event will run ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... 30, 2015  Naldemedine, an investigational peripherally acting ... & Co., Ltd., met its primary and secondary ... for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in ... therapy. Study results showed that naldemedine (0.2 mg ... frequency of spontaneous bowel movement (SBM) compared with ...
Breaking Biology Technology:CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 3CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 4CASI Pharmaceuticals Receives Approval From CFDA For Phase 2 Clinical Trial In China With ENMD-2076 For Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma 5Intrexon and Merck Serono Announce Agreement for the Development and Commercialization of CAR-T Therapy 2Intrexon and Merck Serono Announce Agreement for the Development and Commercialization of CAR-T Therapy 3Intrexon and Merck Serono Announce Agreement for the Development and Commercialization of CAR-T Therapy 4Laser Energy Advances Among Reports Set for SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics 2Laser Energy Advances Among Reports Set for SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics 3Shionogi & Co., Ltd. Announces That Naldemedine Meets Primary Endpoint In A Phase 3 Study For The Treatment Of Opioid-Induced Constipation 2Shionogi & Co., Ltd. Announces That Naldemedine Meets Primary Endpoint In A Phase 3 Study For The Treatment Of Opioid-Induced Constipation 3
Cached News: