HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Rockefeller University researchers discover immune-cell mechanism that boosts therapeutic antibody potency

Researchers at The Rockefeller University, in collaboration with Genentech, Inc., have made a surprising discovery about the mechanism by which two currently used clinical antibodies fight tumors. The finding, reported in the April issue of Nature Medicine, has immediate implications for increasing the potency of an entire class of cancer drugs now on the market and for developing more effective drugs in the future.

"This should have a significant impact on immunotherapy for cancer," says senior author Jeffrey V. Ravetch, M.D., Ph.D., Theresa and Eugene M. Lang Professor and head of the Leonard Wagner Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Immunology at Rockefeller. "There are more than 20 other antibodies now being developed that are in various stages of clinical trials, and this finding shows a way to make them much more effective."

The scientists discovered that two anti-tumor antibodies, Herceptin and Rituxan, operate by harnessing the immune system and directing it to kill tumor cells. The antibodies connect to the immune system by engaging receptor pairs on the surface of certain immune cells. One of these receptors acts as an "on" switch to initiate an immune response, while the other acts as an "off" switch to hold the immune system in check and prevent it from attacking the body.

As effective as Herceptin and Rituxan are, the researchers found that removing or disabling the "off" switch could make an antibody many times more potent than before. Ravetch says the technology to do so is within reach.

"It's startling to learn that these antibodies do not work the way everyone has assumed," Ravetch says. "Now that we recognize this in vivo mechanism, we should be able to manipulate it to great effectiveness."

Antibodies are natures own defense against foreign intruders. Antibody molecules comprise two main segments: a variable region, which is highly specific in order to recognize any foreign shapeor pathogenit may encounter; and the Fc do
'"/>

Contact: Jim Stallard
stallaj@rockvax.rockefeller.edu
212-327-8977
Rockefeller University
27-Mar-2000


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Rockefeller University scientists take on controversial vibration theory of smell
2. By the year 2050, human population could add 2.6 billion people, reports Rockefeller scientist
3. White House awards National Medal of Science to Rockefeller Universitys James Darnell
4. Lasker Award honors Rockefeller University biochemist for pioneering studies of gene activation
5. Rockefeller scientists identify natural proteins that push stem cells to produce hair, not skin
6. Rockefeller, Weill Cornell researchers find link between estrogen, brain structure changes
7. Rockefeller researchers provide the first functional evidence for mammalian pheromone receptors
8. Another transmembrane protein structure solved by Rockefeller scientists
9. Rockefeller researchers identify defense system in plants
10. Rockefeller University Centennial Symposium to explore biology of drug abuse and addiction
11. Rockefeller and Aaron Diamond researchers say resistance to HIV drugs may be higher than previously thought

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/2/2015)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , April 2, 2015 ... revenues for Q1 2015 attributed to somewhat higher than ... company in the year-end report 2014 that revenues for ... MSEK that the company reported for Q4 2014. The ... continue to be negative. The complete interim report will ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... mobile commerce market, announces the second shipment of a ... early access pre-order customers. Feedback from ... including Walmart, Target, AT&T, Dunkin, Donuts, Stop & Shop ... all outlets and very easy to use. Several users ...
(Date:3/31/2015)... , March 31, 2015  Elephant Talk Communications Corp. ... global provider of Software Defined Network Architecture (ET Software ... total revenue of approximately $20.4 million for the year ... $19.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. ... the Company had completed its multi-year transition away from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fingerprint Cards Revises Revenues for Q1 2015 2NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 2NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 3NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 4Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 2Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 3Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 4Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 5Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 6
(Date:4/28/2015)... More than 50% of patients with ... over the course of their disease, and clinicians are ... the disease progresses. ReachMD , the 24/7 health ... a series dedicated to PD psychosis, featuring interviews and ... and psychiatric conditions. , The new series titled ...
(Date:4/28/2015)... Tampa, Florida (PRWEB) April 28, 2015 ... and impressions as a leading source for advice to ... success in providing consulting and strategic planning to start-ups ... to better serve the industry. , Wall Street ... First Harvest Financial as President and Portfolio Manager. ...
(Date:4/28/2015)... April 28, 2015 Reproductive endocrinologist Dr. ... in 7 couples battling infertility in this country, testified on ... Texas as the first state in the nation to consider ... embryos to couples who desire to receive them. , Infertility ... fact that infertility is one of the few medical diseases ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... VANCOUVER , April 27, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - iCo ... ICOTF), today reported financial results for the year ... are expressed in Canadian dollars and presented under ... year,s phase two DME results did not provide ... but extremely undervalued assets remain at iCo Therapeutics", ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ReachMD Launches Series Focusing on Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis 2Leading Medical Cannabis Advisor, First Harvest Financial, Welcomes Top Executives Aboard 2Leading Medical Cannabis Advisor, First Harvest Financial, Welcomes Top Executives Aboard 3Texas Fertility Center Supports a Groundbreaking HB1145 that Facilitates Embryo Donation in Texas 2Texas Fertility Center Supports a Groundbreaking HB1145 that Facilitates Embryo Donation in Texas 3iCo Therapeutics Announces Year End 2014 Financial Results 2iCo Therapeutics Announces Year End 2014 Financial Results 3iCo Therapeutics Announces Year End 2014 Financial Results 4
Cached News: