HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Scientists document water molecule movement across cell walls

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Scientists have documented a ballet in which dancers cross the stage in a billionth of a second. The stage is a class of proteins found in all living things; the dancers are water molecules. The performance, captured by supercomputer simulation, casts new insight for biomedical researchers on the controlled movement of water through cell walls.

Reporting in the April 19 issue of Science, researchers at the University of Illinois Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology and at the University of California at San Francisco say the orientation of water molecules moving through aquaporins assures that only water, not ions such as protons, permeates between cells. If the latter occurs, energy stored as electrical potential between the inside and outside of the cell wall is lost.

Aquaporins, a class of proteins, form transmembrane channels found in cell walls. Plants have 35 different proteins of this type. Mammals, including humans, have 10, with many of them in the kidney, brain and lens of the eye.

When working correctly, said Klaus Schulten, the Swanlund Professor of Physics at the UI, the transport of water between plant cells lets flowers bloom and leaves stand sturdily, for example. In mammals, the machinery processes water efficiently to help maintain optimum health. A breakdown in human kidneys, the busiest water-handling organ with 400 liters being pumped through daily, leads to diabetes insipidus, in which water is not reabsorbed and abnormally large volumes of dilute urine are produced. Breakdowns in other organs can lead to loss of hearing and cataracts.

The structure of aquaporins was determined two years ago by Robert M. Stroud and colleagues at UCSF, who determined the geometry of the protein in the bacterium E. coli (GlpF).

However, Shulten said, that work still could not resolve exactly how water is conducted in the channel, and how it prevents the conduction of ions. Crystall
'"/>

Contact: Jim Barlow
b-james3@uiuc.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
18-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Scientists to prototype cyberinfrastructure for research and education access to ocean observatories
2. Scientists sequence genome of kind of organism central to biospheres carbon cycle
3. Scientists find nanowires capable of detecting individual viruses
4. Scientists discover potential new way to control drug-resistant bacteria
5. Scientists explore genome of methane-breathing microbe
6. Scientists decipher genetic code of biothreat pathogen
7. Stuck on you: Scientists lay bare secrets of bacterial attachment proteins
8. Scientists discover proteins involved in spread of HIV-1 infection
9. Scientists fear new Ebola outbreak may explain sudden gorilla disappearance
10. Scientists reinvent DNA as template to produce organic molecules
11. Scientists visualise cellular handmaiden that restores shape to proteins

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Scientists document water molecule movement across cell walls

(Date:4/17/2014)... a word for chili peppers. Information about archaeological remains ... study of the appearance of words for chili peppers ... were domesticated and highlight the value of multi-proxy data ... al.) of nine papers presented in a special feature ... of Sciences on plant and animal domestication edited ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Luca Razzari of the nergie Matriaux Tlcommunications Research ... the John R. Evans Leaders Fund of the ... of state-of-the-art biotech and nanophotonics equipment. To this ... Ministre de l,Enseignement suprieur, de la Recherche, de ... new laboratories will help us develop new approaches ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... University engineer has developed a patented technique that ... devices. The same technique could help police during ... and Kay L. Theede chair in engineering and ... his research team have created a template-based system ... trunks. The distance detection method called stand-off ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Chickens to chili peppers 2Chickens to chili peppers 3New state-of-the-art biotech and nanotech equipment for INRS 2Patented research remotely detects nitrogen-rich explosives 2
(Date:1/14/2014)... 2014 iLab Solutions, the leader in core ... Director of Product Strategy. In this role, Michelle will work ... to guide in the development of iLab products. Her main ... possible benefit to the scientific community by offering the most ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Mass. , Jan. 14, 2014  RXi Pharmaceuticals ... discovering, developing and commercializing innovative therapies addressing major ... that it received the Notice of Allowance from ... its unique self-delivering RNAi compounds (sd-rxRNA®), for the ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... , Jan. 14, 2014   Kinaxis ®, provider of ... ) and sales and operations planning ( S&OP ) service, ... Biomanufacturing Summit , which will be held at the Hilton ... conference, join Kinaxis customer Elisabeth Kaszas , Director of ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... January 14, 2014 Kerr Corporation, a leading ... and additional how-to information about dual arch impressions on its ... Dual Arch Impressions,” the blog entry serves up a list ... houses a step-by-step demonstration by Dr. David Little as he ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iLab Solutions Announces Michelle Detwiler as the New Director of Product Strategy 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Receives US Notice of Allowance for a Key Patent Relating to its Self-Delivering Technology with sd-rxRNAs targeting CTGF, including RXI-109, for the Treatment of Fibrotic Disorders 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Receives US Notice of Allowance for a Key Patent Relating to its Self-Delivering Technology with sd-rxRNAs targeting CTGF, including RXI-109, for the Treatment of Fibrotic Disorders 3Event Alert: Kinaxis Customer to Present at the Biomanufacturing Summit "Supply Chain: Improving Network Effectiveness" 2
Cached News: