HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Scientists study how the lobster's nose knows

robotic antennule was flicked through the water over timescales similar to those seen in live lobsters - about 100 milliseconds for the fast downstroke and 300 milliseconds for the slower upstroke, with a 400 millisecond pause between each flick.

A high-speed video camera recorded the movement of the dye over and around the flicking antennule. By illuminating the fluorescent dye with a sheet of laser light, the researchers were able to visualize a two-dimensional slice of the fluid flow. Video images of the flow then were analyzed to determine where and when the dye came into contact with the antennule`s aesthetascs - tiny hairs arrayed along the length of the antennule and covered with odor-sensitive cells.

The researchers found that the rapid downstroke at the beginning of the sniff turned the antennule into a ``sieve,`` allowing water to flow between the aesthetascs and bringing the fluorescent dye directly into contact with the odor-sensitive cells. But when the antennule slowly returned to its original position, it acted more like a ``paddle``; instead of rushing between the aesthetascs, most of the dye-laden water flowed around them, leaving the pattern of dye picked up by the aesthetascs during the downstroke intact. The researchers also found that during the beginning phase of the downstroke, samples of dye that had been previously trapped between the aesthetascs were washed out, effectively resetting the lobster`s sense of smell between each sniff.

According to the study`s authors, the fast downstroke may allow the antennule to capture high-resolution information about the structure of the odorant plume, while the slow upstroke may give the lobster`s odor-sensitive cells and neural circuitry time to analyze that structure. Capturing the fine structure of the plume is important in natural air and water environments, where turbulence can cause odors to become patchy and intermittent. By providing highly detailed information about the s
'"/>

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University
29-Nov-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists to prototype cyberinfrastructure for research and education access to ocean observatories
2. Scientists sequence genome of kind of organism central to biospheres carbon cycle
3. Scientists find nanowires capable of detecting individual viruses
4. Scientists discover potential new way to control drug-resistant bacteria
5. Scientists explore genome of methane-breathing microbe
6. Scientists decipher genetic code of biothreat pathogen
7. Stuck on you: Scientists lay bare secrets of bacterial attachment proteins
8. Scientists discover proteins involved in spread of HIV-1 infection
9. Scientists fear new Ebola outbreak may explain sudden gorilla disappearance
10. Scientists reinvent DNA as template to produce organic molecules
11. Scientists visualise cellular handmaiden that restores shape to proteins

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Scientists study how the lobster nose knows

(Date:7/30/2015)... 30, 2015 Cellecta, Inc., a U.S.-based ... analysis and biomarker discovery, announced the release of ... targeting all human protein coding genes. CRISPR technology ... a gene,s function. Cellecta,s new Human Whole Genome ... tool so that researchers can investigate in a ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... (NASDAQ: AWRE ), a leading supplier of biometrics software ... ended June 30, 2015.  Revenue for the ... 33% compared to $6.8 million in the same quarter last ... $0.3 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, which compared to ... period a year ago.  Lower revenue and ...
(Date:7/21/2015)... , July 21, 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. ... a biometric authentication company focused on the growing ... smart wallet, announces that it has filed provisional ... and Method. This invention highlights ... only authorizes an account, but also the user ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CELLECTA, INC. Announces Launch of Human Whole Genome CRISPR Knockout Library 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6NXT-ID Patents Personalized Tokenized Payments for Next Generation Secure Payment Technology 2NXT-ID Patents Personalized Tokenized Payments for Next Generation Secure Payment Technology 3NXT-ID Patents Personalized Tokenized Payments for Next Generation Secure Payment Technology 4
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... Ralco is honored to announce that ... County Fair to be held August 5-9 in Marshall. The Ralco Enrichment Center is ... from and how agriculture impacts their daily lives. This unique exhibit also features a ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... ... The 2015 Market Research Report on the Global Propanol Industry is ... with a focus on the Chinese situation. Major companies included in the propanol market ... Royal Dutch Shell, LG Chem and Zhejiang Xinhua Chemical. , The report provides a ...
(Date:7/30/2015)...   Senomyx , Inc. (NASDAQ: SNMX ), ... discover, develop, and commercialize novel flavor ingredients for the ... results for the second quarter 2015. ... on track to achieve our commercial and financial goals," ... the Company. "Since our last quarterly earnings report, our ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... WARRINGTON, Pa. , July 30, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced that it has received the second $1.0M ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant valued at up ... the company,s aerosolized KL4 surfactant as a potential ... lung injury.  Discovery Labs was awarded an initial ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ralco Announces Primary Sponsorship of Ralco Enrichment Center at Lyon County Fair 2Global Propanol Market Technical Data and Manufacturing Analysis 2020 2Global Propanol Market Technical Data and Manufacturing Analysis 2020 3SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 2SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 3SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 4SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 5SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 6SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 7SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 8SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 9Discovery Labs Receives $1.0 million under an SBIR Grant in Continuing Support of the Development of Aerosolized KL4 Surfactant to Address Radiation-Induced Lung Injury 2Discovery Labs Receives $1.0 million under an SBIR Grant in Continuing Support of the Development of Aerosolized KL4 Surfactant to Address Radiation-Induced Lung Injury 3
Cached News: