HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Severe depression associated with greater number of nerve cells in thalamus region of brain

Individuals who suffer from severe depression have more nerve cells in the part of the brain that controls emotion, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have found.

Studies of postmortem brains of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) showed a 31 percent greater than average number of nerve cells in the portion of the thalamus involved with emotional regulation. Researchers also discovered that this portion of the thalamus is physically larger than normal in people with MDD. Located in the center of the brain, the thalamus is involved with many different brain functions, including relaying information from other parts of the brain to the cerebral cortex.

The findings, published in today's issue of The American Journal of Psychiatry, are the first to directly link a psychiatric disorder with an increase in total regional nerve cells, said Dr. Dwight German, professor of psychiatry at UT Southwestern.

"This supports the hypothesis that structural abnormalities in the brain are responsible for depression," he said. "Often people don't understand why mentally ill people behave in odd ways. They may think they have a weak will or were brought up in some unusual way.

"But if their brains are different, they're going to behave differently. Depression is an emotional disorder. So it makes sense that the part of the brain that is involved in emotional regulation is physically different."

Four groups were represented in the study: subjects with major depression, with bipolar disorder and with schizophrenia, as well as a comparison group with no history of mental illness. Major depression is characterized by a depressed mood and lack of interest or pleasure in normal activities for a prolonged period of time, while bipolar disease is distinguished by alternating periods of extreme mania or elevated mood swings, and severe depression. Schizophrenia often results in psychotic episodes of hallucinations
'"/>

Contact: Donna Steph Hansard
donna.hansard@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center
1-Jul-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Severe kidney disease in blacks linked to genes on two chromosomes
2. Severe Pain Following Shingles Safely Relieved In Clinical Trial Of Anti-Convulsant Drug Gabapentin
3. Scientists Find Gene For Severe Form Of Epilepsy
4. Severe Falciparum Malaria Increases In Honduras
5. Common Anti-Viral Medication Prevents Severe Eye Herpes
6. Common Food Dye Can Cause Severe Allergic Reactions
7. Oral Vaccine Protects Infants From Severe Rotavirus Diarrhea
8. Alcohol-use and depression among pregnant and postpartum women
9. Scientists build on case connecting inflammatory disease and depression
10. UT Southwestern researchers study benefit of exercise, medication on depression
11. Common treatment for depression is safe and effective for Alzheimers patients

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/19/2014)... access in India over the last 30 years ... emissions growth during that time, according to a ... Climate Change ., "Energy access is fundamental to ... life, including education, communication, and health," says IIASA ... While increased energy access is widely agreed to ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... patients referred for evaluation of suspected genetic conditions, ... 25 percent, including detection of a number of ... disease, according to a study appearing in ... coincide with the American Society of Human Genetics ... or coding regions of thousands of genes simultaneously ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... – Accurate knowledge regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent ... of hazardous global outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, ... a special issue, Ebola Virus and Public Health, to ... knowledge in this critical societal moment. , On ... Ebola for Clinicians . The primer was prepared by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Improved electricity access has little impact on climate change 2Whole-exome sequencing shows potential as diagnostic tool 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 Involution ... the release of a new infographic, Understanding Ebola ... create a beautifully designed, easy to follow informative tool ... areas of outbreak, symptoms and prevention. , "As the ... that the 2014 Ebola outbreak represents not only a ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Rock Hill, SC (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... the expansion of its cardiovascular pharmacogenetics menu, which ... improved patient outcomes. With PCLS’s evidence-based results, ... individual needs and optimize their therapy, while minimizing ... , In the U.S., according to the FDA ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Nuvilex, Inc. (OTCQB: NVLX) – According ... worldwide are living with diabetes, with  that number expected ... global market for diabetes treatments is approximately $500 billion.  ... died from pancreatic cancer.  Pancreatic cancer is the fourth ... the United States , and according ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... YORK , Oct. 20, 2014 ... their experimental ZMapp™ antibody therapeutic to fight the ... how difficult and time-consuming the production of pharmaceuticals ... market research publisher said that while some may ... of this compound, those with industry knowledge are ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Involution Studios' Ebola Infographic Provides Key Disease Information and Statistics at a Glance 2PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 2PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 3Nuvilex Brief Analyst Report: Thinking Outside the Box by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2Kalorama: ZMapp Highlights Need For Faster Biopharmaceutical Production 2Kalorama: ZMapp Highlights Need For Faster Biopharmaceutical Production 3
Cached News: