HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Shortened chromosomes linked to early stages of cancer development

Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have evidence that abnormally short telomeres - the end-caps on chromosomes that normally preserve genetic integrity -appear to play a role in the early development of many types of cancer.

"Cancer researchers have debated whether shortened telomeres were a cause or effect of tumors," says Alan K. Meeker, Ph.D., lead author of the study and a postdoctoral fellow in urology and pathology at Hopkins. "What our study suggests is that telomere dysfunction may be a key component in the development of many epithelial cancers, those that arise from tissues lining our organs."

Studying tissue taken from small precancerous lesions in the bladder, esophagus, large intestine, mouth and cervix, the research team found abnormal telomere lengths in 97 percent of the cases examined. In particular, abnormally short telomeres were found in 88 percent of cases.

"We were surprised how often you see shortened telomeres this early in the development of these cancers," says Meeker. "It's a strong indicator that abnormal telomeres are likely playing a causal role in cancer development."

Telomeres cap the chromosome ends, protecting the interior, gene-containing parts of the chromosome from being accidentally lost. As normal cells divide and age, some of the telomere DNA is lost, and the telomeres get progressively shorter. Normal cells monitor the lengths of their telomeres and initiate cell suicide or halt cell division when telomeres get too short. Other researchers have shown in mice that cancer, which is characterized principally by unrestricted cell growth and lack of cell death, can occur if this monitoring system breaks down, leading to the development of chromosomal abnormalities.

"It appears that the telomere shortening frequently observed in large advanced tumors has already occurred before it can be detected by standard diagnostic tools, when cellular changes characteristi
'"/>

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wastava@jhmi.edu
410-955-1287
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
26-May-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cells chromosomes, Pitt study finds
2. Abnormal chromosomes forecast leukemia relapse
3. Researchers substitute whole chromosomes to speed the search for genes in common diseases
4. UVa researchers describe method of protecting chromosomes during cell division
5. New way to lock DNA-slicing enzyme onto chromosomes could lead to novel anti-cancer drugs
6. Severe kidney disease in blacks linked to genes on two chromosomes
7. Rumors of male chromosomes demise greatly exaggerated, study finds
8. The nucleus: Not just a bag of chromosomes
9. Chromatin, not proteins, support chromosomes during cell division
10. Revealed: How a master protein remodels chromosomes to orchestrate gene expression
11. Regulating human X chromosomes doesnt use same gene as in mouse

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Shortened chromosomes linked early stages cancer development

(Date:3/24/2015)... , March 24, 2015   Crossmatch ™, ... today announced that its U.are.U ® 4500 ... Goorin Bros . to achieve PCI compliance ... secures access to the POS terminal, protecting the ... of data breaches. With one-third ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or ... mobile commerce market, announces its biometric payment technology, the Wocket® ... television starting March 30 th . ... New York markets. ... about our new ad campaign following the recent initial shipment ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... DUBLIN , Mar. 19, 2015 Research and Markets ... the "Iris Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report" ... worldwide markets for Iris Biometrics in US$ Thousands. The report ... , Japan , Europe ... East , and Latin America . ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Crossmatch Fingerprint Readers Help Retailer Prevent Data Breaches at Point-of-Sale 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 3Iris Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: System & Network Access Control - A Robust Market Opportunity in the Offing 2Iris Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: System & Network Access Control - A Robust Market Opportunity in the Offing 3Iris Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: System & Network Access Control - A Robust Market Opportunity in the Offing 4Iris Biometrics - Global Strategic Business Report 2015: System & Network Access Control - A Robust Market Opportunity in the Offing 5
(Date:3/26/2015)... Cranford, NJ (PRWEB) March 26, 2015 ... has partnered with researchers from Yale University’s School of ... provided by study participants during a 4 month-long project. ... impact of providing low income families with free access ... eating habits and diet-related health concerns like high blood ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... 2015 /PRNewswire/ - SQI Diagnostics Inc. ("SQI" or the "Company") ... of recent discussions with certain shareholders representing approximately 45% ... after dealing with certain matters including the appointment of ... on March 26, 2015 (the "Meeting") it intends to ... will take place when the Meeting reconvenes. The Meeting ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... , March 25, 2015  S&P Capital IQ ... Factual Stock Report coverage on Abattis Bioceuticals Corp ... CSE: ATT): is a specialty biotechnology company with ... licensing and marketing proprietary ingredients, bio-similar compounds, patented ... North America . The company ...
(Date:3/25/2015)... Mass. and REYKJAVIK, Iceland , ... capabilities for using the genome to create better medicine, today ... the largest studies of whole-genome data yet undertaken. ... Nature Genetics – are built around the most ... a team of deCODE scientists led by Kari Stefansson ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Yale and New Haven Farms Improving Patient Health with WriteResult's myPROpad™ 2Yale and New Haven Farms Improving Patient Health with WriteResult's myPROpad™ 3SQI Diagnostics Inc. Announces New Nominees to SQI Diagnostics Board and Adjournment of Meeting 2SQI Diagnostics Inc. Announces New Nominees to SQI Diagnostics Board and Adjournment of Meeting 3SQI Diagnostics Inc. Announces New Nominees to SQI Diagnostics Board and Adjournment of Meeting 4SQI Diagnostics Inc. Announces New Nominees to SQI Diagnostics Board and Adjournment of Meeting 5S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on Abattis Bioceuticals Corp. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 2S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on Abattis Bioceuticals Corp. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 3S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on Abattis Bioceuticals Corp. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 4S&P Capital IQ Initiates Coverage on Abattis Bioceuticals Corp. in S&P Capital IQ Factual Stock Reports 5Landmark deCODE Studies Demonstrate the Power of Truly Big Genomics for Improving Medicine Worldwide 2
Cached News: