HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Small subset of cells has big role in controlling immunity, study finds

A small subset of cells that tells the immune system whether to attack may be a future target for therapies to help patients fight tumors and keep transplanted organs, a Medical College of Georgia researcher says.

Dendritic cells roam the body, picking up invaders, such as a virus or cancer, then show their finds to the T-cells and tell them how to respond, says Dr. Andrew L. Mellor, molecular geneticist and immunologist and director of the MCG Immunotherapy Center.

Work published in the Aug. 15 issue of The Journal of Immunology by Dr. Mellor and his colleagues gives further clues over what direction dendritic cells will give.

They have shown that giving mice an experimental immunosuppressive agent causes a select number of these cells to express an enzyme, indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase, or IDO, and that those cells tell T-cells not to respond.

"They are a very fascinating new subset of dendritic cells previously not recognized," says Dr. Mellor, Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Molecular Immunogenetics. "We do not think all dendritic cells have the capacity to express IDO. The magic of this subset is their ability to do that," he said of the enzyme first identified for its role in helping a fetus escape rejection by the mother's immune system.

"One of the things we argue in this paper is that we can use IDO to help us find out if dendritic cells are going to stimulate the immune system or turn it off. If they express IDO, they will not stimulate T cells to respond. If they don't express IDO, they are likely to stimulate immune responses once they mature," Dr. Mellor says.

Five years ago nearly to the day, Dr. Mellor and his colleagues, Drs. David Munn and Simon Conway, were reporting in the journal Science that the developing fetus uses IDO to locally disable the mother's immune system. It works by degrading tryptophan, an amino acid critical to the survival of T-cells, which get their action cues from d
'"/>

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@mail.mcg.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia
15-Aug-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Small, Smac-like molecule encourages death of cancer cells
2. Small animal imaging gives cancer clues
3. Small RNA surmounts large cancer problem
4. Small, cold, & hungry: Ultra-small microbes from 120,000-year-old glacier ice sample
5. Small trial shows daclizumab add-on therapy improves MS outcome
6. Small gene changes in some leukemia patients may explain varying responses to chemotherapy
7. Small amounts of alcohol or anesthetics may damage the developing brain
8. Smallpox in 50-year-old tissues detected by integrated diagnostics approach
9. Small-molecule inhibitors of anthrax lethal factor identified
10. Smallpox in Europe selected for genetic mutation that confers resistance to HIV infection
11. Small-molecule inhibitors of botulinum neurotoxin identified

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Small subset cells has big role controlling immunity study finds

(Date:10/15/2014)... of Life, is a non-traditional biophysics textbook and it ... is a journey of discovery into biological systems and ... biological regulation. It is about how our genes make ... the billions of cells in an organism. It quantifies ... principles, which can be found on both large and ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Oct. 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video ... Square on Monday October 13 th . ... Tunnel and angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi ... of NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their work and ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Cancer Research shows SIRT6—a protein known to ... the development of skin cancers by turning on an ... skin cells. , Previously considered protective, SIRT6 is part ... help regulate genomic stability and prevent some of the ... damage, which can lead to cancer. This study, in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New book about life as seen from physics 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Physicians Choice Laboratory ... pharmacogenetics menu, which enables healthcare providers to individualize ... PCLS’s evidence-based results, healthcare providers are better able ... therapy, while minimizing risks for adverse drug reactions ... to the FDA [1] more than 2.2 million ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Research and Markets  has announced ... Material, by Application, Geography - Global Analysis and Forecast ... Organic electronics, also called as polymer electronics ... which deals with small conductive molecules and electrically conductive ... and polymers are carbon based, made using synthetic strategies ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... , Oct. 20, 2014 Asterias ... the Company has signed a Notice of Grant ... Medicine (CIRM), effective October 1, 2014.  The NGA ... payments and the release of additional grant funds ... grant award for clinical development of Asterias, product, ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... N.J. (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 ... the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson ... , Through the Strategic Alliance Partnership program, ... OncLive will collaborate to raise awareness of the ... treatment, and other projects. Clinicians and other health ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 2PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 3Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Notice of Grant Award with CIRM for Phase 1/2a Clinical Trial of AST-OPC1 in Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury 2Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Notice of Grant Award with CIRM for Phase 1/2a Clinical Trial of AST-OPC1 in Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury 3Asterias Biotherapeutics Announces Notice of Grant Award with CIRM for Phase 1/2a Clinical Trial of AST-OPC1 in Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury 4Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3
Cached News: